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Production > Handheld Belt Sanders
Handheld belt sander Handheld sanders finish stock by using a coated abrasive surface to remove material. A handheld belt sander uses a system of pulleys to move the abrasive material across the stock. The wood is fed manually or automatically into the machine or the sanding belt is pressed toward the wood, which is located on a working table.

Sanders produce a considerable quantity of fine wood dust. All sanders should be ventilated carefully. The primary safety hazard of handheld belt sanders is that workers may catch their hands, clothing, or jewelry in the in-running rolls. Also, contact with an abrasive surface can cause abrasions and lacerations.


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Point of Operation Top
Potential Hazard:

Possible Solutions:

Engineering Controls
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Nip Points Top
Potential Hazard:

  • In-running nip points - Clothing, hands, or hair may get caught by and pulled into the in-running rolls on automatic sanders or sanding belts.
Possible Solutions:

Engineering Controls
  • Guard the unused run of the sanding belt against accidental contact. These guards must prevent the operator's hands or fingers from coming in contact with nip points [29 CFR 1910.219].
Work Practices
  • Sand on the downward-moving side of the disk or belt.
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Flying Chips Top
Potential Hazard:

  • Flying chips - Wood splinters and chips may be thrown from the sanding action.
Possible Solutions:

Engineering Controls Work Practices
  • Replace torn, frayed, or excessively worn belts. A worn-out belt can cause massive heat buildup, which can cause it to tear or break and pelt the surrounding area with projected bits.
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