Proper communication between the controlling contractor and the steel erector prior to the beginning of the steel erection operation is essential to employee safety. Many accidents involving collapse could have been averted had adequate pre-erection communication and planning occurred. The following requirements for site preparation, including site layout, pre-planning of overhead hoisting operations, and (in some cases) site-specific erection plans, have been made to ensure safety during the initial stages of steel erection.
Tip: The criteria for adequate strength depends on the results of required American Society for Testing and Materials standard test methods.
EXCEPTION: This provision does not apply to roads outside of the construction site.
All hoisting operations in steel erection must be pre-planned to ensure that [29 CFR 1926.752(d)]:
Employers may elect, because of conditions specific to the worksite, to develop alternate means of providing the employee protection required in 29 CFR 1926.753(c)(5), 29 CFR 1926.757(a)(4) or 29 CFR 1926.757(e)(4). If a site-specific erection plan is used, it must [29 CFR 1926.752(e)]:
Components of a site-specific erection plan. [Non-mandatory Appendix A]
A site-specific erection plan is developed during one or more pre-construction conferences and site inspections involving the erector, the controlling contractor, and others such as the project engineer and the fabricator. In this process, the following elements are considered:
In addition, the plan should include identification of the site and project, and be signed and dated by the qualified person(s) responsible for its preparation and modification.
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