A determination of whether hazards are present or are likely to be present must be conducted. [29 CFR 1915.152(b)] If such hazards are present or are likely to be present the employer shall select the type of PPE.
Hazards to evaluate may include:
- Impact (falling objects, struck-by hazards, impact tools)
- Puncture and cuts (tools, knives, slag, nails, wire rope, sheet metal)
- Compression/Crushing (gears, struck-by hazards, shifting loads)
- Chemical (solvents, corrosives, paints, fumes)
- Heat/Cold (welding, burning, environmental temperatures)
- Burns (thermal, chemical)
- Vibration (pneumatic tools)
- Dust (heavy metals, silica)
- Light (optical) radiation (arc welding, lasers)
- Excessive noise (abrasive blasting, needle gunning, scaling, grinding, metal straightening)
- Falling (from elevations, into water)
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- Maritime /Labor Industry recommends that the PPE hazard assessment be part of a broader assessment (such as Job Safety Analysis) which includes a demolition plan, engineering, administrative, and other hazard controls.