Cranes, hoisting apparatus such as chain falls, winches, and marine railways, and their accompanying rigging gear, are used to move and lift materials and
equipment during shipbreaking operations. Moving heavy loads in
congested areas increases risk of injury.
Figure 1: Portal Crane
(a type of locomotive crane).
Figure 2: Mobile crane used without its outriggers (for stability) and without its swing radius
Figure 3: Locomotive crane on side of pier.
Rigging methods and equipment
are used to attach heavy loads
to lifting devices (cranes, derricks, or chain
falls). Rigging equipment may include: rope, chains, or synthetic webbing
slings, which connect the loads to lifting machinery by means of hooks or
shackles. Inadequate rigging methods or components may result in the load
detaching and injuring workers.Serious injuries may result from:
- Equipment failure
- Improper use of equipment
- Getting caught between
- Getting struck by loads or rigging gear
The following topics are included in this section:
Note: Confined space entry is one of the leading
hazards associated with barge cleaning. Review
Shipbreaking: Confined or Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres
for information on how to protect workers from this hazard.