Am I In Danger?
To avoid fall injuries during normal entry and exit of a trench or excavation at your
job site, ladders, stairways, or ramps are required. In some circumstances, when
conditions in a trench or excavation become hazardous, survival may even depend on how
quickly you can climb out.
How Do I Avoid Hazards?
stairways, ladders, ramps, or other safe means of egress in
all trenches that are 4 feet deep or more.
- Position means of egress within 25 lateral feet of workers.
- Structural ramps that are used solely for access or egress from excavations must
be designed by a competent person.
- When two or more components form a ramp or runway, they must be connected
to prevent displacement, and be of uniform thickness.
- Cleats or other means of connecting runway components must be attached in a
way that would not cause tripping (e.g., to the bottom of the
- Structural ramps used in place of steps must have a non-slip surface.
- Use earthen ramps as a means of egress only if a worker can walk them
in an upright position, and only if they have been evaluated
by a competent person.
These workers are not protected from a cave-in, nor do they have any apparent safe access
or egress from the trench.