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Safety & Health Program

Several OSHA standards for the construction industry address safety and health program elements. Following is a list of topics relevant to developing and maintaining a safety program, along with some regulatory citations applicable to each topic.

A. Initiate and Maintain Such Programs as May be Necessary to Comply with this Part-1926.20(b)

B. Management Commitment to Safety and Health

(1) Provide employees with sanitary and safe working conditions [29 CFR 1926.20(a)].

(2) Assign safety and health responsibilities [29 CFR 1926.20(b)].

(3) Give safety and health designees authority to correct hazards [29 CFR 1926.32(f)].

(4) Ensure employees that they may voice safety and health concerns without fear of reprisal [29 CFR 1903.11(d)].

(5) Inform employees of hazards [29 CFR 1926.21(b), 29 CFR 1926.33, 29 CFR 1926.59, 29 CFR 1926.454, 29 CFR 1926 Subpart Z].

(6) Coordinate hazard communication with other employers on site [29 CFR 1926.59, 29 CFR 1926.65, 29 CFR 1926.652].

(7) Post the OSHA State or Federal Poster [29 CFR 1903.2(a)].

C. Hazard Identification and Determination

(1) Evaluate operations, procedures, facilities, and equipment to identify hazards [29 CFR 1926.20(a), 29 CFR 1926.21(b)].

(2) Monitor exposure levels [29 CFR 1926.55, 29 CFR 1926.62, 29 CFR 1926 Subpart Z, 29 CFR 1926.1101].

(3) Ensure regular safety and health inspections [29 CFR 1926.20(b)(2), 29 CFR 1926.703(b), 29 CFR 1926.1081].

(4) Conduct accident investigations [29 CFR 1904.4].

(5) Determine if engineering or administrative controls or personnel protective equipment are to be used [29 CFR 1926.103, 29 CFR 1926.951].

D. Hazard Elimination and Control

(1) Ensure machines and tools are in safe working order and in compliance with relevant standards [29 CFR 1926.20(b)(3), 29 CFR 1926.550(a), 29 CFR 1926.951].

(2) Institute engineering and work practice controls to eliminate health hazards [29 CFR 1926.55, 29 CFR 1926.103, 29 CFR 1926 Subpart Z].

(3) Perform housekeeping to remove hazards posed by scrap and debris in work areas [29 CFR 1926.25, 29 CFR 1926.852, 29 CFR 1926.152(c)(5), 29 CFR 1926.900(k)(5)].

(4) Provide appropriate personal protective equipment when other controls are infeasible [29 CFR 1926.28(a), 29 CFR 1926 Subpart E].

(5) Guarantee safe means of egress [29 CFR 1926.34].

E. Emergency Response Planning

(1) Develop emergency response plans [29 CFR 1926.35, 29 CFR 1926.65(q)].

(2) Develop fire prevention and protection programs [29 CFR 1926.24, 29 CFR 1926.352, 29 CFR 1926 Subpart F].

F. First Aid and Medical

(1) Provide medical services, first aid treatment, and supplies [29 CFR 1926.50(a), 29 CFR 1926.103, 29 CFR 1926.50(c), 29 CFR 1926.50(d), 29 CFR 1926 Subpart Z].

(2) Ensure availability of emergency rescue for injured employees [29 CFR 1926.50(e), 29 CFR 1926.106(a), 29 CFR 1926.21(b)(6), 29 CFR 1926.802(b)].

(3) Post emergency numbers for physicians, hospitals, or ambulances [29 CFR 1926.50(f)].

G. Training

(1) Train employees to recognize hazards [29 CFR 1926.21(b)(2), 29 CFR 1926.65, 29 CFR 1926.302(e), 29 CFR 1926.1060].

(2) Train workers to recognize and avoid unsafe conditions [29 CFR 1926.21(b)(2), 29 CFR 1926.65, 29 CFR 1926.454, 29 CFR 1926.901(c)].

(3) Provide training on safe work practices and applicable standards [29 CFR 1926.21(b)].

(4) Provide training on safe operation of equipment and machinery [29 CFR 1926.20(b)(4), 29 CFR 1926.302(e)].

(5) Provide training on hazards of access ladders and stairways [29 CFR 1926.1060(a), 29 CFR 1926.454, 29 CFR 1926.800(b) and (c)].

(6) Provide training on confined and enclosed space entry hazards and precautions [29 CFR 1926.21(b)(6), 29 CFR 1926.353(b), 29 CFR 1926.801].

H. Recordkeeping and Abatement Verification

(1) Record injuries and fatalities [29 CFR 1904.5, 29 CFR 1904.8].

(2) Maintain medical records [29 CFR 1926.33].

(3) Maintain exposure records [29 CFR 1926.33].

(4) Maintain appropriate documents and tags for abatement verification [29 CFR 1903.19].


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