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Construction Home Injury & Illness Prevention Program

Several OSHA standards for the construction industry address safety and health program elements. Following is a list of topics relevant to developing and maintaining an injury and illness prevention program, along with some regulatory citations applicable to each topic.


A. Initiate and Maintain Such Programs as May be Necessary to Comply with this Part [29 CFR 1926.20(b)]
B. Management Commitment to Injury and Illness Prevention
  1. Provide employees with sanitary and safe working conditions. [29 CFR 1926.20(a)]
  2. Assign injury and illness prevention responsibilities. [29 CFR 1926.20(b)]
  3. Give injury and illness prevention designees authority to correct hazards. [29 CFR 1926.32(f)]
  4. Ensure employees that they may voice injury and illness prevention concerns without fear of reprisal. [29 CFR 1903.11(d)]
  5. Inform employees of hazards. [29 CFR 1926.21(b), 29 CFR 1926.33, 29 CFR 1926.59, 29 CFR 1926.454, and 29 CFR 1926 Subpart Z]
  6. Coordinate hazard communication with other employers on site. [29 CFR 1926.59, 29 CFR 1926.65, and 29 CFR 1926.652]
  7. Post the OSHA State or Federal Poster. [29 CFR 1903.2(a)]
C. Hazard Identification and Determination
  1. Evaluate operations, procedures, facilities, and equipment to identify hazards. [29 CFR 1926.20(a) and 29 CFR 1926.21(b)]
  2. Monitor exposure levels. [29 CFR 1926.55, 29 CFR 1926.62, 29 CFR 1926 Subpart Z, and 29 CFR 1926.1101]
  3. Ensure regular injury and illness prevention inspections. [29 CFR 1926.20(b)(2), 29 CFR 1926.703(b), and 29 CFR 1926.1081(g)]
  4. Conduct accident investigations. [29 CFR 1904.4]
  5. Determine if engineering or administrative controls or personnel protective equipment are to be used. [29 CFR 1926.103 and 29 CFR 1926.951]
D. Hazard Elimination and Control
  1. Ensure machines and tools are in safe working order and in compliance with relevant standards. [29 CFR 1926.20(b)(3), 29 CFR 1926.1417(a), and 29 CFR 1926.951]
  2. Institute engineering and work practice controls to eliminate health hazards. [29 CFR 1926.55, 29 CFR 1926.103, and 29 CFR 1926 Subpart Z]
  3. Perform housekeeping to remove hazards posed by scrap and debris in work areas. [29 CFR 1926.25, 29 CFR 1926.852, 29 CFR 1926.152(c)(5), and 29 CFR 1926.900(k)(5)]
  4. Provide appropriate personal protective equipment when other controls are infeasible. [29 CFR 1926.28(a) and 29 CFR 1926 Subpart E]
  5. Guarantee safe means of egress. [29 CFR 1926.34]
E. Emergency Response Planning
  1. Develop emergency response plans. [29 CFR 1926.35 and 29 CFR 1926.65(q)]
  2. Develop fire prevention and protection programs. [29 CFR 1926.24, 29 CFR 1926.352, and 29 CFR 1926 Subpart F]
F. First Aid and Medical
  1. Provide medical services, first aid treatment, and supplies. [29 CFR 1926.50(a), 29 CFR 1926.103, 29 CFR 1926.50(c), 29 CFR 1926.50(d), and 29 CFR 1926 Subpart Z]
  2. Ensure availability of emergency rescue for injured employees. [29 CFR 1926.50(e), 29 CFR 1926.106(a), 29 CFR 1926.21(b)(6), and 29 CFR 1926.802(b)]
  3. Post emergency numbers for physicians, hospitals, or ambulances. [29 CFR 1926.50(f)]
G. Training
  1. Train employees to recognize hazards. [29 CFR 1926.21(b)(2), 29 CFR 1926.65, 29 CFR 1926.302(e), and 29 CFR 1926.1060]
  2. Train workers to recognize and avoid unsafe conditions. [29 CFR 1926.21(b)(2), 29 CFR 1926.65, 29 CFR 1926.454, and 29 CFR 1926.901(c)]
  3. Provide training on safe work practices and applicable standards. [29 CFR 1926.21(b)]
  4. Provide training on safe operation of equipment and machinery. [29 CFR 1926.20(b)(4) and 29 CFR 1926.302(e)]
  5. Provide training on hazards of access ladders and stairways. [29 CFR 1926.1060(a), 29 CFR 1926.454, 29 CFR 1926.800(b), and 29 CFR 1926.800(c)]
  6. Provide training on confined and enclosed space entry hazards and precautions. [29 CFR 1926.21(b)(6), 29 CFR 1926.353(b), and 29 CFR 1926.801]
H. Recordkeeping and Abatement Verification
  1. Record injuries and fatalities. [29 CFR 1904.5 and 29 CFR 1904.8]
  2. Maintain medical records. [29 CFR 1926.33]
  3. Maintain exposure records. [29 CFR 1926.33]
  4. Maintain appropriate documents and tags for abatement verification. [29 CFR 1903.19]
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