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Ammonia Refrigeration

References >> IIAR Bulletin #R1. A Guide to Good Practices for the Operation of an Ammonia Refrigeration System


Bulletin #R1. A Guide to Good Practices for the Operation of an Ammonia Refrigeration System. IIAR Ammonia Refrigeration Library, (1983). A reference document providing users of ammonia refrigeration with suggested practices for the operation of an ammonia refrigeration system.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter I - General Information

  • A. Ammonia (NH3)
    • 1. How manufactured
    • 2. Chemical properties
    • 3. Physical properties
    • 4. Classification of Ammonia
  • B. Uses of Ammonia
    • 1. In the chemical industry
    • 2. In agriculture
    • 3. In industrial refrigeration
  • C. Ammonia vapor compression in mechanical refrigeration
    • 1. The mechanical refrigeration process
    • 2. Refrigeration flow chart with basic system components identified

Chapter II - Operator's Responsibilities (Ammonia Refrigeration Systems)

  • 1. What operators must know
  • 2. Refrigeration flow chart with basic system components identified
  • 3. Observation of system to prevent incident

Chapter III - Why Ammonia should be treated with respect

  • 1. Effects on the human body
  • 2. Ammonia's self-alarming characteristic
  • 3. Effects of exposure to Ammonia gas
  • 4. Effects of exposure to pure liquid Ammonia
  • 5. Effects of Ammonia vapor in various concentrations (Table I)

Chapter IV - First Aid (Immediate temporary care for exposure to Anhydrous Ammonia)

  • 1. For eyes
  • 2. For inhalation
  • 3. For ingestion
  • 4. For skin contact
  • 5. First aid supplies checklist (Table II)

Chapter V - Personal Protection Equipment

  • 1. Protective clothing
  • 2. Respiratory protection - respirator selection guide (Table III)
  • 3. Limitations of respirators with Ammonia canisters

Chapter VI - Safety programs and personnel training

  • 1. Informing employees
  • 2. Safe work practices and procedures
  • 3. Training requirements

Chapter VII - Identification Codes

  • 1. Pipe color codes
  • 2. Valve tags


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