Smallpox

Overview

Smallpox is an acute, contagious, and sometimes fatal disease caused by infection with a virus known as the variola virus. Smallpox outbreaks have occurred from time to time for thousands of years, but in 1980 the disease was declared eradicated following worldwide vaccination programs. Except for stockpiles in high-security laboratories, the virus has been eliminated. However, if obtained and deliberately released as a bioweapon, smallpox could cause a public health catastrophe.

Standards

There are currently no specific OSHA standards for smallpox.

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Smallpox Disease

Provides references that aid in recognizing disease characteristics and hazards associated with smallpox.

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Smallpox as a Bioweapon

Provides information on the use of smallpox as a bioweapon and associated issues to be considered during a smallpox outbreak.

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Control

Provides additional guidance specific to various types of workers, and associated issues on recognizing and controlling exposure to smallpox.

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Additional Resources

Provides links and references to additional resources related to small pox.

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