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1994. SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS (FOR GENERAL INDUSTRY AND SHIPYARDS)
Priority: Economically Significant. Major status under 5 USC 801 is undetermined.
Unfunded Mandates: Undetermined
Legal Authority: 29 USC 655; 29 USC 652; 29 USC 654; 29 USC 657
CFR Citation: 29 CFR 1910; 29 CFR 1915
Legal Deadline: None
Abstract: The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), many of the States, members of the safety and health community, insurance companies, professional organizations, companies participating in the Agency's Voluntary Protection Program, and many proactive employers in all industries have recognized the value of worksite-specific safety and health programs in preventing job-related injuries, illnesses, and fatalities. The effectiveness of these programs is seen most dramatically in the reductions in job-related injuries and illnesses, workers' compensation costs, and absenteeism that occur after employers implement such programs. To assist employers in establishing safety and health programs, OSHA in 1989 (54 FR 3904) published nonmandatory guidelines that were based on a distillation of the best safety and health management practices observed by OSHA in the years since the Agency was established. OSHA's decision to expand on these guidelines by developing a safety and health programs rule is based on the Agency's recognition that occupational injuries, illnesses, and fatalities are continuing to occur at an unacceptably high rate; for example, an average of 17 workers were killed each day in 1995 in occupational fatalities.
Although the precise scope of the standard (e.g., what industries will be covered, what sizes of firms will be covered) has not yet been determined, the safety and health programs contained in the proposed rule will include at least the following elements: management leadership of the program; active employee participation in the program; analysis of the worksite to identify serious safety and health hazards of all types; training; and program evaluation. In addition, in response to extensive stakeholder involvement, OSHA has, among other things, focused the rule on serious hazards, deleted required medical surveillance, and reduced burdens on small business.
Small Entities Affected: Undetermined
Government Levels Affected: Undetermined
Additional Information: Separate standards are being developed for the construction (29 CFR 1926) and the maritime (29 CFR 1915, 1917 and 1918) industries, which are being coordinated with this standard.
Agency Contact: Marthe Kent, Acting Deputy Director, Policy, Department
of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 200
Constitution Avenue NW., Room N3641, FP Building, Washington, DC 20210
Phone: 202 219-4690
Fax: 202 219-4383
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