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Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA

Inspection Detail

Inspection: 101320604 - Basf Corporation - Coatings And Colorants Division

Inspection Information - Office: Cincinnati

Nr: 101320604Report ID: 0522000Open Date: 07/19/1990

Basf Corporation - Coatings And Colorants Division
1754 Dana Ave.
Cincinnati, OH 45207
Union Status: Union
SIC: 2851/Paints, Varnishes, Lacquers, Enamels, and Allied Products
Mailing: 1720 Dana Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45207

Inspection Type:Accident
Scope:Complete Advanced Notice:N
Ownership:Private
Safety/Health:Health Close Conference:11/08/1990
Planning Guide: Health-Manufacturing Close Case:01/02/1991

Related Activity:TypeIDSafetyHealth
 Accident360119200    

Violation Summary
Serious Willful Repeat Other Unclass Total
Initial Violations 11 11
Current Violations 11 11
Initial Penalty $8,900 $0 $0 $0 $0 $8,900
Current Penalty $8,900 $0 $0 $0 $0 $8,900
FTA Amount $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0

Violation Items
# ID Type Standard Issuance Abate Curr$ Init$ Fta$ Contest LastEvent
  1. 01001 Serious 19100023 C01 11/08/1990 11/19/1990 $800 $800 $0 I - Informal Settlement
  2. 01002 Serious 19100037 F05 11/08/1990 11/13/1990 $900 $900 $0 I - Informal Settlement
  3. 01003 Serious 19100037 Q01 11/08/1990 11/13/1990 $800 $800 $0 I - Informal Settlement
  4. 01004 Serious 19100106 E02 IVD 11/08/1990 11/13/1990 $500 $500 $0 I - Informal Settlement
  5. 01005 Serious 19100106 E06 I 11/08/1990 11/13/1990 $700 $700 $0 I - Informal Settlement
  6. 01006 Serious 19100106 E09 III 11/08/1990 11/13/1990 $600 $600 $0 I - Informal Settlement
  7. 01007 Serious 19101200 F01 II 11/08/1990 12/30/1990 $800 $800 $0 I - Informal Settlement
  8. 01008 Serious 19101200 F05 I 11/08/1990 11/13/1990 $1,000 $1,000 $0 I - Informal Settlement
  9. 01009 Serious 19101200 F05 II 11/08/1990 11/13/1990 $1,000 $1,000 $0 I - Informal Settlement
  10. 01010 Serious 19101200 G02 IV 11/08/1990 12/30/1990 $800 $800 $0 I - Informal Settlement
  11. 01011 Serious 19101200 H02 II 11/08/1990 11/13/1990 $1,000 $1,000 $0 I - Informal Settlement

Accident Investigation Summary
Summary Nr: 869446Event: 07/19/1990Employees Injured By Reactor Explosion And Fire
Employee #4 was cleaning the #6 chemical reactor on July 19, 1990, with a flammable mixture of solvents when the reactor burst its rupture disc and the mixture was expelled into the plant. The solvent ignited and the vapor cloud explosion resulted in the plant's 43 employees being injured by flying debris and/or being thrown by the force of the explosion. Employee #4 eventually died from his burns. Employee #1, a maintenance employee, was moving away from the area when he was struck in the head and killed by debris flung during the explosion. Employees #3, #6, #7, #8, #9, #16, and #19 were located in the manufacturing offices in Building 4, about 75 ft south of the reactor. Employees #2, #10, #11, #12, #14, #15, and #17 all worked in Building G, 50 to 75 ft southwest of the reactor and were leaving when the explosion either threw debris at them or threw their bodies onto equipment or debris. Employee #5 was in the same building as the reactor and was thrown down by the explosion, sustaining burns and crushing injuries. Employee #13 sprained his knee while moving from the break room to the courtyard, about 100 ft southeast of the reactor. Employee #18 suffered a sprained left thigh and a bruised shoulder. It appeared that the reactor was not vented to a safe location and had primitive temperature controls, and the company did not enforce the mandatory attendance of operators at the reactors during operation. All of these factors, including minimal operating procedures (none specifically for cleaning), led to the explosion and the resulting extensive injuries and property damage.
Keywords: vapor, reactor, flammable liquid, venting, work rules, cleaning, fire, explosion, struck by, flying object
Inspection Degree Nature Occupation
1 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Cut/Laceration Occupation not reported
2 101320604 Fatality Puncture Occupation not reported
3 101320604 Fatality Burn/Scald(Heat) Occupation not reported
4 101320604 Hospitalized injury Fracture Occupation not reported
5 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Bruise/Contus/Abras Occupation not reported
6 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Strain/Sprain Occupation not reported
7 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Hernia Occupation not reported
8 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Bruise/Contus/Abras Occupation not reported
9 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Bruise/Contus/Abras Occupation not reported
10 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Strain/Sprain Occupation not reported
11 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Strain/Sprain Occupation not reported
12 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Burn(Chemical) Occupation not reported
13 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Strain/Sprain Occupation not reported
14 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Bruise/Contus/Abras Occupation not reported
15 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Cut/Laceration Occupation not reported
16 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Bruise/Contus/Abras Occupation not reported
17 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Other Occupation not reported
18 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Strain/Sprain Occupation not reported
19 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Bruise/Contus/Abras Occupation not reported
20 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Puncture Occupation not reported
21 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Fracture Occupation not reported
22 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Strain/Sprain Occupation not reported
23 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Puncture Occupation not reported
24 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Strain/Sprain Occupation not reported
25 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Strain/Sprain Occupation not reported
26 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Strain/Sprain Occupation not reported
27 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Fracture Occupation not reported
28 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Strain/Sprain Occupation not reported
29 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Strain/Sprain Occupation not reported
30 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Cut/Laceration Occupation not reported
31 101320604 Hospitalized injury Cut/Laceration Occupation not reported
32 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Bruise/Contus/Abras Occupation not reported
33 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Cut/Laceration Occupation not reported
34 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Strain/Sprain Occupation not reported
35 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Fracture Occupation not reported
36 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Cut/Laceration Occupation not reported
37 101320604 Non Hospitalized injury Cut/Laceration Occupation not reported
38 101320604 Hospitalized injury Cut/Laceration Occupation not reported
39 101320604 Hospitalized injury Fracture Occupation not reported
40 101320604 Hospitalized injury Fracture Occupation not reported
41 101320604 Hospitalized injury Fracture Occupation not reported
42 101320604 Hospitalized injury Burn/Scald(Heat) Occupation not reported
43 101320604 Fatality Burn/Scald(Heat) Occupation not reported

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