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Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA

Inspection Detail

Inspection: 18552208 - Lance, Inc.

Inspection Information - Office: Nc Raleigh


Inspection Nr: 18552208
Report ID: 0453710
Date Opened: 09/17/1991

Site Address:
Lance, Inc.
40 Bridges St.
Hamlet, NC 28345

Mailing Address:
P. O. Box 32368, Charlotte, NC 28232

Union Status: NonUnion



Inspection Type: Unprog Rel

Scope: Partial

Advanced Notice: N

Ownership: Private

Safety/Health: Safety

Close Conference: 10/04/1991


Case Closed: 10/04/1991

Related Activity
Type Activity Nr Safety Health
Accident 360489645
Accident 360489652

Investigation Summary

Investigation Nr: 170073035
Event: 09/03/1991
Numerous Employees Killed Or Injured In Plant Fire

At approximately 8:15 a.m. on September 3, 1991, maintenance employees were attempting to repair and replace a leaking hydraulic line in the process room of the main plant. During the repair operation, the incoming hydraulic line separated from its coupling at a point approximately 60 inches above the concrete floor and began to discharge hydraulic fluid at high pressure (800 to 1,200 psi). This high pressure and subsequent flow resulted in hydraulic fluid being sprayed against the floor and onto the nearby natural gas-fueled cooker, which was fully operational. The cooker's normal operating temperature was at least 350 degrees. No lockout/tagout procedures were being followed during the repair. Fire and smoke were produced when the hydraulic fluid contacted the cooker, resulting in the rapid dispersal of combustion products throughout most of the plant. Employees #1 through #24 were killed. (Employee #25 was also killed, but should be referenced in inspection #18552208.) All other employees (#26 through #88) were hospitalized for their injuries except Employees #67, #68, #78, #79, #80, #81, #82, #84, #85, #86, #87, and #88, who were treated and released. Employee evacuation from the building was hindered by locked exterior doors and inadequate means of egress.

Keywords:obstructed egress, work rules, hydraulic fluid, cooker, evacuation, repair, fire, lockout, high pressure, high temperature

Investigated Inspection
# Inspection Age Sex Degree Nature Occupation
1 18552208 Fatality Asphyxia Sales support occupations, n.e.c.
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