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Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA

Inspection Detail

Inspection: 105522072 - Baxter Pharmaseal Laboratories

Inspection Information - Office: Tenn Cmpl Sfty 6


Inspection Nr: 105522072
Report ID: 0454716
Open Date: 05/31/1988

Site Address:
Baxter Pharmaseal Laboratories
2301 Buffalo Road
Johnson City, TN 37604

Mailing Address:
, , 00000

Union Status: NonUnion



Inspection Type: Unprog Rel

Scope: Partial

Advanced Notice: N

Ownership: Private

Safety/Health: Safety

Close Conference: 09/22/1988

Planning Guide: Safety-Manufacturing


Close Case:07/17/1990

Related Activity
Type Activity Nr Safety Health
Accident 360285720
Violation Summary
Violations/Penalties Serious Willful Repeat Other Unclass Total
Initial Violations 3 3
Current Violations 3 3
Initial Penalty $2,700 $0 $0 $0 $0 $2,700
Current Penalty $1,000 $0 $0 $0 $0 $1,000
FTA Penalty $0 $0 $0 $0 $0 $0

Violation Items
# Citation ID Citaton Type Standard Issuance Date Abatement Due Date Current Penalty Initial Penalty FTA Penalty Contest Latest Event Note
1. 01001 Serious 503010501 10/04/1988 10/07/1988 $1,000 $900 $0 10/21/1988 R - Review Commission  
2. 01002 Serious 19100252 D02 IV 10/17/1988 10/20/1988 $0 $900 $0 10/21/1988 R - Review Commission  
3. 01003 Serious 19100252 D02 VIC 10/17/1988 10/20/1988 $0 $900 $0 10/21/1988 R - Review Commission  

Investigation Summary

Investigation Nr: 14214027
Event: 05/28/1988
One Employee Killed, Others Injured When Unit Explodes

This accident occurred in the sterilization area where two 45 ft long by 4 ft 10 in. wide by 6 ft 6 in. high sterilization units were situated side by side. The construction crews were replacing a door on the unloading end of unit #1, using a torch powered by MAPP (methylacetylene propadiene) gas. Grinding was also being done. A few seconds after the door on unit #2 was opened an explosion occurred at unit #2. Several employees were directly in front of or near the exploding unit. Other employees were at unit #1. Employees #1 through #7 sustained burns and/or other injuries. Employee #8 died. The fuel sources were ethylene oxide (ETO), MAPP, propane, and gasoline. The gasoline was in a small can and the propane was in a cylinder on a forklift. Neither is considered to have caused the explosion. A small leak was found between the MAPP cylinder and the regulator, but it was not considered to have been large enough to have caused the explosion. The explosion apparently was caused by the ETO that was still in unit #2 and which ignited when unit #2 was opened.

Keywords:leak, explosion, ethylene oxide, propane, gasoline, construction

Investigated Inspection
# Inspection Age Sex Degree Nature Occupation
1 105522072 Hospitalized injury Burn/Scald(Heat) Engineers, n.e.c.
2 105522072 Hospitalized injury Burn/Scald(Heat) Engineers, n.e.c.
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