Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA

Winter Storms
Plan. Equip. Train

To prevent injuries, illnesses and Fatalities during winter storms.

photo collage banner with photos of someone shoveling snow, walking in slush, a cone marking a hazard, a worker spreading deicer

OSHA is a Weather-Ready Nation Ambassador committed to working with NOAA and other Ambassadors to strengthen national preparedness for and resilience against extreme weather.

Winter weather presents hazards including slippery roads/surfaces, strong winds and environmental cold. Employers must prevent illnesses, injuries, or fatalities, by controlling these hazards in workplaces impacted by winter weather.

OSHA and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) are working together on a public education effort aimed at improving the way people prepare for and respond to severe weather. This page is designed to help businesses and their workers prepare for winter weather, and to provide information about hazards that workers may face during and after winter storms.



snowflake caution sign
Preventing Slips on Snow and Ice

To prevent slips, trips, and falls, employers should clear snow and ice from walking surfaces, and spread deicer, as quickly as possible after a winter storm. When walking on snow or ice is unavoidable workers should be trained to:

  • Wear footwear that has good traction and insulation (e.g. insulated and water resistant boots or rubber over-shoes with good rubber treads)
  • Take short steps and walk at a slower pace to react quickly to changes in traction
Preventing Falls When Removing Snow from Rooftops and Other Elevated Surfaces

OSHA’s Hazard Alert, Snow Removal: Know the Hazards Pamplet, and winter weather webpages provide guidance to employers on how to prevent serious injuries and fatalities. Employers should consider options to avoid working on roofs or elevated heights, plan ahead for safe snow removal and must:

  • Provide required fall protection and training when working on the roof or elevated heights
  • Ensure ladders are used safely (e.g. clearing snow and ice from surfaces)
  • Use extreme caution when working near power lines
  • Prevent harmful exposure to cold temperatures and physical exertion
National Weather Service - Weather Safety - Winter
Winter Driving - Each year, weather-related crashes cause more than 6,000 deathers and 480,000 injuries. If the outside temperature is near freezing, drive like you're on ics. You may be!

National Weather Service. The National Weather Service's Daily Briefing is a website that provides information on the weather outlook.

NOAA Weather Radio. A network of radio stations that continuously broadcast weather information from the nearest National Weather Service office.

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