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Table 1 - Alphabetical listing of recognized Safety and Physical Hazards, Biological and
Chemical Hazards, and Diseases pertinent to agriculture.
[Adapted from (1)]


Safety and Physical Agents: Biological and Chemical Agents: Agricultural Diseases:
  • Commodity storage & transfer
  • Electricity
  • Ergonomics
  • Back injury
  • Lifting
  • Repetitive trauma
  • Farm machinery
  • Balers
  • Chain saws
  • Combines
  • Power take-off (PTO)
  • Roll-over protection
  • Safety guards
  • Tractors
  • Fire
  • Fuel storage (leaks and fires)
  • Illumination (poor lighting)
  • Lightning (shock and fire)
  • Liquefied Propane [LP] gas
  • Liquefied anhydrous ammonia
  • Livestock handling injuries
  • Physical/environmental hazards
  • Noise
  • Thermal (heat and cold)
  • Ultraviolet (sun light)
  • Vibration
  • Psychological stress
  • Sanitation (field)
  • Transportation (on & off road)
  • Welding
  • Asphyxiation/suffocation
  • Confined space
  • Entrapment (see commodity s.&t.)
  • Fumigation
  • Carbon Monoxide (combustion)
  • Silo gases (NO2 and CO2)
  • Detergents
  • Diesel exhaust
  • Disinfectants including
  • Chlorine
  • Quaternary ammonia compounds
  • Organic iodides
  • Cresol-based compounds
  • Formaldehyde emitters
  • Dusts (inorganic aerosols)
  • Hydrogen sulfide (a key manure gas)
  • Microbiologic organisms
  • Infectious microbes
  • Mold spores (mycotoxins)
  • Noninfectious bioaerosols
  • Parasites
  • Nitrogen dioxide (silos & welding)
  • Organic dusts - e.g.
  • Cotton dust
  • Endotoxin (on many organic d.)
  • Grain dust
  • Sugar cane (bagassosis)
  • Wood dust
  • Pesticides (including application and harvest activities)
  • Arthritis Dermatoses - caused by
  • Heat
  • Irritant chemicals
  • Infectious microbes
  • Insects
  • Sensitizing chemicals
  • Sunlight
  • Noise Induced Hearing Loss
  • Immunologic diseases
  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Asthma
  • Dermatoses
  • Noninfectious diseases
  • Cancer (is actually a low risk)
  • Hypertension and heart
  • Respiratory diseases
  • Asthma (also immunologic dis.)
  • Bagassosis (from sugar cane)
  • Bronchitis
  • Byssinosis (from cotton dust)
  • Farmer's Lung (see also HP below)
  • Hypersensitivity pneumonitis
  • Organic dust toxic syndrome (ODTS)
  • Pneumoconiosis (e.g. silicosis)
  • Silo filler's disease (see also NO2)
  • Organophosphate poisoning and sequelae
  • Silo unloader's disease
  • Zoonotic diseases

1Popendorf, W. and K.J. Donham "Agricultural Hygiene." Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. 4th ed. Volume 1, Part A. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1991: 721-761.


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