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OSHA's $afety Pays Program

Estimated Costs of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses and Estimated Impact on a Company's Profitability Worksheet

Employers can use the "$afety Pays" to assess the impact of occupational injuries and illnesses on their profitability. This program uses a company's profit margin, the average costs of an injury or illness, and an indirect cost multiplier to project the amount of sales a company would need to generate to cover those costs. The program is intended as a tool to raise awareness of how occupational injuries and illnesses can impact a company's profitability, not to provide a detailed analysis of a particular company's occupational injury and illness costs. Your local OSHA On-site Consultation Office can help small businesses identify workplace hazards and develop and implement an effective injury and illness prevention program.

Direct Costs

  1. Select an injury type from the drop-down menu OR enter the total workers' compensation costs.
  2. Enter the profit margin (leave blank to use default of 3%).
  3. Enter the number of injuries (leave blank to use default of one).
  4. Select "Add/Calculate" to compute the total direct and indirect costs.
  5. Repeat the step to add additional injuries to the list.

Injury Type


Workers' Compensation Costs (annual sum of costs)


Enter Profit Margin (%) (leave blank to use default of 3%)

Enter Number of Injuries (leave blank to use default of one)

Estimated Total Cost

The extent to which the employer pays the direct costs depends on the nature of the employer's workers' compensation insurance policy. The employer always pays the indirect costs.

Injury Type Instances Direct Cost Indirect Cost Total Cost Additional Sale (Indirect) Additional Sale (Total)


Estimated Direct Costs:

Estimated Indirect Costs:

Combined Total (Direct and Indirect Costs):

Sales To Cover Indirect Costs:

Sales To Cover Total Costs:


This program is not a new standard or regulation, and creates no new legal obligations. It is intended to help raise employers' awareness of the impact of occupational injuries and illnesses on profitability. The average claim cost estimates used in "$afety Pays" are provided by National Council on Compensation Insurance, Inc. (NCCI). The data reflects the average cost of lost time workers' compensation insurance claims derived from unit statistical reports submitted to NCCI for policy years 2009-2011. NCCI makes no guarantees nor assumes any responsibility for the accuracy of or any results obtained through the use of the NCCI data provided through this tool. NCCI's information and data may not be used or copied in any manner except as provided in conjunction with the OSHA website tool, "$afety Pays." Information entered into the form fields is not captured by OSHA. The system is not programmed to capture or relay any information entered or calculated by the worksheet. For additional information on the data and calculations used in "$afety Pays," see Background of the Cost Estimates.

Accessibility Assistance: Contact the OSHA Directorate of Cooperative and State Programs Office at 202-693-2220 for assistance accessing this application. An alternate text version is also available.

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