Botulism

Overview

In the United States an average of 110 cases of botulism are reported each year. Botulism is a muscle-paralyzing disease caused by a toxin made by a bacterium called Clostridium botulinum. Botulinum toxins are some of the most poisonous substances known. Miniscule quantities are capable of producing disease in humans.

Cases of botulism are usually associated with consumption of preserved foods. However, botulinum toxins are currently among the most common compounds explored by terrorists for use as biological weapons.

Standards

There are currently no specific OSHA standards for botulism and emergency response activities as a result of a bioterrorist attack.

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Hazard Recognition

Provides references aid in recognizing disease characteristics and hazards associated with botulinum toxin.

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Evaluating Exposure

Provides references provide useful information about the management of exposures to botulinum toxin.

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Control and Prevention

Provides links and references regarding methods to prevent and control the growth and spread of botulism.

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Additional Resources

Provides references to additional resources related to botulism.

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