Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA

Solutions: Solvents

Potential Hazard
  • Possible employee exposure to solvents used during cleaning, rinsing, or ink solvents used for package labeling.
  • Typical solvents may include:
    • 1,1,1-trichloroethane
    • acetone
    • ethanol
    • isopropyl alcohol
    • methanol
    • n-butyl acetate
    • terpenes
    • xylene is a common solvent for wet chemical silyation
Possible Solutions
  • Identify solvent hazards and perform appropriate exposure evaluations.
    • Perform exposure measurements for the solvents used.
    • Keep exposures below acceptable exposure levels.
    • 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1 contains permissible exposure limits for various chemicals.
  • Address all dermal exposures.
  • Provide appropriate ventilation to reduce solvent concentration levels in the air.
  • Provide PPE as appropriate to prevent eye and skin contact. [29 CFR 1910 Subpart I]
  • Use respiratory protection when necessary to further reduce exposure and protect employees. [29 CFR 1910.134]
  • Design and use specialized processing, material handling, and storage equipment to properly contain chemicals. Consider both normal use and emergency scenarios.
  • Employ proper work practices to minimize exposure. Consider both processing and maintenance operations. Maintenance activities are often overlooked and may result in high exposures.
Additional Information

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