- Safety and Health Topics
- Reproductive Hazards
This section highlights OSHA standards, Federal Register notices (rules and proposed rules), and letters of interpretation (official letters of interpretation of the standards) related to reproductive hazards.
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
- 1910.97, Nonionizing radiation. Describes the kinds of non-ionizing radiation, warning symbols used and formula for calculating radiation levels which should not be exceeded.
- 1910 Subpart
Z, Toxic and hazardous substances [related topic page]
- 1910.1000, Air contaminants. Identifies hazardous chemicals many of which are potential reproductive hazards.
- 1910.1020, Access to employee exposure and medical records. OSHA requires the reporting of employee exposure to hazardous
chemicals and allows access to these records by employees.
- OSHA Instruction: CPL 02-02-072. Rules of agency practice and procedure concerning OSHA access to employee medical records.
- 1910.1025, Lead. Describes guidelines for hazard protection from lead exposure including reproductive hazards. [related topic page]
- 1910.1030, Bloodborne pathogens. Describes requirements for protection from exposure to bloodborne pathogens. [related topic page]
- 1910.1044, 1,2-dibromo-3-chloropropane. Describes exposure hazards to reproductive health and provides requirements for partial protection from these risks.
- 1910.1047, Ethylene oxide. Provides requirements for safe handling of ethylene oxide which includes hazard protection for reproductive health. [related topic page]
- 1910.1096, Ionizing radiation. Describes types of ionizing radiation, warning symbols used, radiation levels which should not be exceeded and personal monitoring.
- 1910.1200, Hazard communication. In compliance with this standard, all personnel involved in any aspect of the handling of covered hazardous chemicals must receive information and training to appraise them of these hazards in the work area. [related topic page]
Federal Register Notices
- Occupational Exposure to 1,3-Butadiene. Final Rules, 61:56746-56856, (November 4, 1996). Final standard revisions, include sections mentioning adverse reproductive and developmental outcomes.
- Occupational Exposure to 2-Methoxyethanol, 2-Ethoxyethanol and their Acetates (Glycol Ethers). Proposed Rules, 54:15526-15632, (March 23, 1993). Proposed standard revision for occupational exposure to Methoxyethanol, Ethoxyethanol and Glycol Ethers, to address specifically the adverse health effects on reproductive and developmental health.
Letters of Interpretation
- Requirements for Reporting Health Hazard Information on a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). (June 17, 1996).
- The interpretation of the medical examinations and consultations for employees who are hired for areas that have ethylene oxide. (August 7, 1995).
- Hazards of exposure to waste anesthetic gases, particularly fluothane. (September 24, 1984). Current scientific evidence "suggests that chronic exposure to anesthetic gases increases the risk of both spontaneous abortion and congenital abnormalities in offspring among female workers and wives of male workers."
This topics page is not a standard or regulation and it creates no new legal obligations. It contains recommendations as well as descriptions of mandatory safety and health standards. The recommendations are advisory in nature, informational in content and are intended to assist employers in providing a safe and healthful workplace. The Occupational Safety and Health Act requires employers to comply with safety and health standards and regulations promulgated by OSHA or by a state with an OSHA-approved state plan. In addition, the Act’s General Duty Clause, Section 5(a)(1), requires employers to provide their employees with a workplace free from recognized hazards likely to cause death or serious physical harm.