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Process Safety Management

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Standards

State Standards

There are twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.

This section highlights OSHA standards, preambles to final rules (background to final rules), Federal Register notices (rules and proposed rules), directives (instruction to OSHA staff), letters of interpretation (official letters of interpretation of the standards), other federal standards, and national consensus standards related to process safety management (PSM).

OSHA Standards

General Industry (29 CFR 1910)

  • 1910 Subpart H, Hazardous materials
    • 1910.119, Process safety management of highly hazardous chemicals
      • Appendix A, List of highly hazardous chemicals, toxics and reactives (Mandatory)
      • Appendix B, Block flow diagram and simplified process flow diagram (Nonmandatory)
      • Appendix C, Compliance guidelines and recommendations for process safety management (Nonmandatory)
      • Appendix D, Sources of further information (Nonmandatory)

Construction Industry (29 CFR 1926)

  • 1926 Subpart D, Occupational health and environmental controls
    • 1926.64, Process safety management of highly hazardous chemicals
      • Appendix A, List of highly hazardous chemicals, toxics and reactives (Mandatory)
      • Appendix B, Block flow diagram and simplified process flow diagram (Nonmandatory)
      • Appendix C, Compliance guidelines and recommendations for process safety management (Nonmandatory)
      • Appendix D, Sources of further information (Nonmandatory)

Preambles to Final Rules

Federal Registers Notices

Directives

Letters of Interpretation

Other OSHA Resources

Other Federal

Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.

US Department of Defense

  • 5154.4S, Ammunition & Explosives Safety Standards
  • 4145.26M, Contractor's Safety Manual for Ammunition, Explosives and Related Dangerous Material

US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

National Consensus

Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/American Petroleum Institute (API)

  • Safe Entry and Cleaning of Petroleum Storage Tanks, Planning and Managing Tank Entry from Decommissioning Through Recommissioning.
  • API 500, Classification of Locations for Electrical Installations at Petroleum Facilities.
  • API 510, Pressure Vessel Inspection Code: Maintenance Inspection, Rating, Repair, and Alteration. Includes Supplement 1 and Supplement 2.

American Petroleum Institute (API)

  • API 598, Valve Inspection and Testing.
  • API 653, Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction, Second Edition. Includes Addendum 1.
  • API Recommended Practices
    • API RP 574, Inspection of Pressure Relieving Devices.
    • API RP 520-1, Sizing, Selection, and Installation of Pressure-Relieving Devices in Refineries Part I, "Sizing and Selection."
    • API RP 752, Management of Hazards Associated With Location of Process Plant Buildings, CMA Manager's Guide.
    • API RP 2003, Protection Against Ignitions Arising Out of Static, Lightning, and Stray Currents.
    • API RP 574, Inspection of Piping, Tubing, Valves, and Fittings.
    • API RP 55, Conducting Oil and Gas Producing and Gas Processing Plant Operations Involving Hydrogen Sulfide.
    • API RP 2220, Improving Owner and Contractor Safety Performance.
    • API RP 750, Management of Process Hazards.
    • API RP 521, Guide for Pressure-Relieving and Depressuring Systems.

National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)

The NFPA mission is to reduce the worldwide burden of fire and other hazards on the quality of life by providing and advocating scientifically-based consensus codes and standards, research, training, and education.

  • NFPA 495, Explosive Materials Code. Covers the manufacture, transportation, storage, sale, and use of explosive materials.
  • NFPA 77, Recommended Practice on Static Electricity
  • NFPA 780, Standard for the Installation of Lightning Protection Systems

State Standards

There are twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.

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