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Process Safety Management

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Process Safety Management Menu

Standards

Process safety management (PSM) is addressed in specific standards for general industry and construction. This section highlights OSHA standards and documents related to process safety management (PSM).

OSHA Standards
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
Related Information
Subpart H – Hazardous Materials 1910.119, Process safety management of highly hazardous chemicals
Construction (29 CFR 1926)
Related Information
Subpart D – Occupational Health and Environmental Controls 1926.64, Process safety management of highly hazardous chemicals. For requirements as they pertain to construction work, follow the requirements in 29 CFR 1910.119.
Additional Federal Registers Notices

Note: The "Federal Register notice" bullets above link to Federal Register notices related to each OSHA standard. The notices in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.

Additional Directives

Note: The "Directives" bullets above link to directives related to each OSHA standard. The directives in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.

  • PSM Covered Chemical Facilities National Emphasis Program. CPL 03-00-021, (January 17, 2017).
  • Petroleum Refinery Process Safety Management National Emphasis Program. CPL 03-00-010, (August 18, 2009).
  • Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals -- Compliance Guidelines and Enforcement Procedures. CPL 02-02-045 (REVISED), (September 13, 1994).
  • OSHA Response to Significant Events of Potentially Catastrophic Consequences. CPL 02-00-094 [CPL 2.94], (July 22, 1991).
  • Additional Letters of Interpretation

    Note: The “Letters of interpretation” bullets above link to letters related to each OSHA standard. The letters in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.

    State Standards

    There are twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.

    Other OSHA Resources
    Other Federal Standards

    Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.

    US Department of Defense

    • 5154.4S, Ammunition & Explosives Safety Standards
    • 4145.26M, Contractor's Safety Manual for Ammunition, Explosives and Related Dangerous Material

    US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

    National Consensus Standards and Recommendations from other Professional Organizations

    Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.

    American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/American Petroleum Institute (API)

    • Safe Entry and Cleaning of Petroleum Storage Tanks, Planning and Managing Tank Entry from Decommissioning Through Recommissioning.
    • API 500, Classification of Locations for Electrical Installations at Petroleum Facilities.
    • API 510, Pressure Vessel Inspection Code: Maintenance Inspection, Rating, Repair, and Alteration. Includes Supplement 1 and Supplement 2.

    American Petroleum Institute (API)

    • API 598, Valve Inspection and Testing.
    • API 653, Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction, Second Edition. Includes Addendum 1.
    • API Recommended Practices
      • API RP 574, Inspection of Pressure Relieving Devices.
      • API RP 520-1, Sizing, Selection, and Installation of Pressure-Relieving Devices in Refineries Part I, "Sizing and Selection."
      • API RP 752, Management of Hazards Associated With Location of Process Plant Buildings, CMA Manager's Guide.
      • API RP 2003, Protection Against Ignitions Arising Out of Static, Lightning, and Stray Currents.
      • API RP 574, Inspection of Piping, Tubing, Valves, and Fittings.
      • API RP 55, Conducting Oil and Gas Producing and Gas Processing Plant Operations Involving Hydrogen Sulfide.
      • API RP 2220, Improving Owner and Contractor Safety Performance.
      • API RP 750, Management of Process Hazards.
      • API RP 521, Guide for Pressure-Relieving and Depressuring Systems.

    National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)

    The NFPA mission is to reduce the worldwide burden of fire and other hazards on the quality of life by providing and advocating scientifically-based consensus codes and standards, research, training, and education.

    • NFPA 495, Explosive Materials Code. Covers the manufacture, transportation, storage, sale, and use of explosive materials.
    • NFPA 77, Recommended Practice on Static Electricity
    • NFPA 780, Standard for the Installation of Lightning Protection Systems
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