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Plastics Industry

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OSHA Standards

State Standards

There are twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.

This section highlights OSHA standards, directives (instruction to OSHA staff), state standards, and national consensus standards related to the plastics industry.

OSHA

Frequently Cited Standards

OSHA maintains a listing of the most frequently cited standards for specified 6-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes. Please refer to OSHA's Frequently Cited OSHA Standards page for additional information. For All Other Plastics Product Manufacturing use NAICS code 326199 in the NAICS search box.

Directives

State

Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.

  • Part 62, Plastic Molding. Michigan Department of Labor & Economic Growth (DL&EG), General Industry Safety Standards, (January 24, 2000).
National Consensus

Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc. (SPI)

  • Injection
    • B151.1-2007, Horizontal injection molding machines - safety requirements for manufacture, care and use. Applies to horizontal injection molding machines that are used in the rubber and plastics industries.
    • B151.21-2003, Injection blow molding machinery - safety requirements for manufacture, care and use. Applies to all IBMMs (including Injection Stretch Blow) that process plastic materials and produce and/or deliver a preform which is then blown into the shape of a mold held together by a vertically or horizontally acting clamp(s).
    • B151.27-2003, Safety requirements for the integration, care and use of robots used with horizontal & vertical injection molding machines.
    • B151.29-2002, Safety requirements for the manufacture, care and use of vertical clamp injection molding machines. Identifies and addresses known hazards to personnel working on or with the specified machinery.
  • Extrusion
    • B151.15-2003, Extrusion blow molding machines - safety requirements for the manufacture care and use. Minimizes hazards to personnel associated with machine activity by establishing requirements for the manufacture, care, and use of these machines.
    • B151.5-2000, Plastic film and sheet winding machinery - manufacture, care, and use. Identifies and addresses known hazards to personnel working on or adjacent to the machinery.
    • B151.2-1999, Film casting machines - construction, care, and use (revision and redesignation of ANSI B151.2-1982 (R1988)). Identifies and addresses known hazards to personnel working on or adjacent to the machinery.
    • B151.4-1999, Blown film take-off and auxiliary equipment - construction, care, and use (revision and redesignation of ANSI B151.4-1982 (R1988)). Identifies and addresses known hazards to personnel working on or adjacent to the machinery.
    • B151.20-1999, American national standard for plastic sheet production machinery - manufacture, care and use. Identifies and addresses known hazards to personnel working on or with the machinery.
  • Lockout/Tagout
    • Z244.1-2003 (R2008), Control of hazardous energy - lockout/tagout and alternative methods. Cited in OSHA interpretations and private sector materials, the Z244.1 Standard is used as a resource for addressing control of hazardous energy and lockout/tagout. The scope and purpose of the standard is to establish requirements for the control of hazardous energy associated with machines, equipment, or processes that could cause injury to personnel. The purpose of this standard is to establish requirements and performance objectives for procedures, techniques, designs and methods that protect personnel where injury can occur as a result of the unexpected release of hazardous energy. Unexpected release of hazardous energy can include any unintended motion, energization, start-up or release of stored energy, deliberate or otherwise, from the perspective of the person(s) at risk.
      • Z244 Subcommittee Information. American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE).

State Standards

There are twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.

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