Personal Protective Equipment
There are twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.
This section highlights OSHA standards, Federal Register notices (rules and proposed rules), directives (instruction to OSHA staff), letters of interpretation (official letters of interpretation of the standards), and national consensus standards related to PPE.
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
- 1910.94, Ventilation [related topic page]
- 1910.95, Occupational noise exposure [related topic page]
- 1910.120, Hazardous waste operations and emergency response [related topic page]
- 1910.132, General requirements (Personal protective equipment)
- 1910.133, Eye and face protection [related topic page]
- 1910.134, Respiratory protection [related topic page]
- 1910.135, Head protection
- 1910.136, Foot protection
- 1910.137, Electrical protective equipment
- 1910.138, Hand protection
- 1910 Subpart I - Appendix A, References for further information (Non-mandatory)
- 1910 Subpart I - Appendix B, Non-mandatory compliance guidelines for hazard assessment and personal protective equipment selection
- 1910.146, Permit-required confined spaces [related topic page]
- 1910.252, General requirements (Welding, cutting, and brazing) [related topic page]
- 1910 Subpart Z, Toxic and hazardous substances [related topic page]
Shipyard Employment (29 CFR 1915)
- 1915 Subpart I, Personal protective equipment
Marine Terminals (29 CFR 1917)
- 1917 Subpart E, Personal protection
Longshoring (29 CFR 1918)
- 1918 Subpart J, Personal protective equipment
Federal Register Notices: Final Rules
- Employer Payment for Personal Protective Equipment; Final Rule. Final Rules 72:64341-64430, (November 15, 2007). Stipulates that the employer must pay for required PPE, except in the limited cases specified in the standard. Safety-toe protective footwear and prescription safety glasses were excepted from the employer payment requirement, in large part because these items were considered to be very personal in nature and were often worn off the jobsite.
- Personal Protective Equipment for Shipyard Employment (PPE). Final Rules 61:29957-29958, (June 13, 1996). Makes corrections to the final rule on personal protective equipment for shipyard employment, which was published in the federal register on May 24, 1996 at 61 FR 26322.
- Personal Protective Equipment for Shipyard Employment (PPE). Final Rules 61:26321-26360, (May 24, 1996). Discusses revisions of PPE standards for shipyard employment.
- Personal Protective Equipment for General Industry. Final Rules 61:19547-19548, (May 2, 1996).
- Personal Protective Equipment for General Industry. Final Rules 59:33910-33911, (July 1, 1994). Corrects the final rule on personal protective equipment for general industry.
- Personal Protective Equipment for General Industry. Final Rules 59:16334-16364, (April 6, 1994). Discusses revisions of personal protective equipment standards.
- Search all available federal register notices.
- 29 CFR Part 1910, Subpart I, Enforcement Guidance for Personal Protective Equipment in General Industry. CPL 02-01-050, (February 10, 2011). Provides enforcement personnel with instructions for determining whether employers have complied with OSHA personal protective equipment (PPE) standards.
- 29 CFR Part 1915, Subpart I, Enforcement Guidance for Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in Shipyard Employment. CPL 02-01-049 (November 4, 2010). Provides guidance concerning the application of current enforcement policy and procedures for personal protective equipment (PPE) in shipyard employment. Also, to ensure consistent enforcement of 29 CFR Part 1915, Subpart I, PPE including PPE payment for shipyard employment activities.
- Inspection Procedures for 29 CFR 1910.120 and 1926.65, Paragraph (q): Emergency Response to Hazardous Substance Releases (PDF). CPL 02-02-073, (August 27, 2007). Updates enforcement procedures for compliance officers who need to conduct inspections of emergency response operations. It defines additional terms and expands on training requirements for emergency responders and other groups such as skilled support personnel. New guidance is provided on how HAZWOPER may apply to unique events such as terrorist attacks and addresses OSHA's role under the National Response Plan.
- Search all available directives.
Letters of Interpretation
- Laundering responsibilities for fire retarding (FR) clothing provided to employees. (June 1, 2015). Explanation of laundering responsibilities for fire retarding (FR) clothing for employees working as welders, pipefitters, welder helper in the unionized pipeline and gas distribution sector.
- Employer payment for personal protective equipment. (November 13, 2014). OSHA addresses specific questions regarding several methods for having employees pay for personal protective equipment.
- Whether use of personal protective equipment is mandatory when working under heat stress conditions. (May 18, 2010). Provides guidance on the mandatory use of personal protective equipment under heat stress conditions.
- Whether employees who are verifying that an electrical system is de-energized or are turning off circuit breakers are required to use personal protective equipment. (February 29, 2008). Clarification on the use of personal protective equipment when working with de-energized electrical systems.
- Search all available letters of interpretation.