Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA

Nursing Homes and Personal Care Facilities

Nursing Homes and Personal Care Facilities - (Left) Photo Credit: iStock-175387282 | Copyright: kali9, (center) gettyimages - 200166625-001 |Copyright-  Andersen Ross, (Right) gettyimages - 200263640-001 | Copyright - Jochen Sands
Nursing Homes and Personal Care Facilities Menu



Health care workers face a number of serious safety and health hazards. They include workplace violence; lifting and repositioning patients; chemical and drug exposure; and respiratory and other infections. Many healthcare facilities also employ workers in the areas of mechanical maintenance, medical equipment maintenance, housekeeping, food service, building and grounds maintenance, and laundry - which have their own occupational hazards.

The proper information and resources can help health care employers control risks to staff and train workers on potential hazards associated with each job.


Highlights standards information related to nursing homes and personal healthcare facilities.


OSHA Enforcement

Directs employers and employees to OSHA enforcement policy and guidance documents that pertain to nursing and residential care facilities.


Hazards and Solutions

Provides a list of the most prevalent hazards in this industry and possible solutions for hazards associated with working in nursing homes and personal care facilities.


Safety and Health Programs

Provides references that were selected to assist in developing a safety and health program for nursing homes and personal care facilities.


Additional Resources

Provides links and references to additional resources related to first aid.


Workers' Rights

Workers have the right to:

  • Working conditions that do not pose a risk of serious harm.
  • Receive information and training (in a language and vocabulary the worker understands) about workplace hazards, methods to prevent them, and the OSHA standards that apply to their workplace.
  • Review records of work-related injuries and illnesses.
  • File a complaint asking OSHA to inspect their workplace if they believe there is a serious hazard or that their employer is not following OSHA's rules. OSHA will keep all identities confidential.
  • Exercise their rights under the law without retaliation, including reporting an injury or raising health and safety concerns with their employer or OSHA. If a worker has been retaliated against for using their rights, they must file a complaint with OSHA as soon as possible, but no later than 30 days.

For additional information, see OSHA's Workers page.

How to Contact OSHA

Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, employers are responsible for providing safe and healthful workplaces for their employees. OSHA's role is to help ensure these conditions for America's working men and women by setting and enforcing standards, and providing training, education and assistance. For more information, visit www.osha.gov or call OSHA at 1-800-321-OSHA (6742), TTY 1-877-889-5627.


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