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The following gives a summary of the scope of these committees. See the ANSI site for more specific information. 

Author: David A. Felinksi

 
ANSI B11.1-2001
Safety Requirements for Mechanical Power Presses
 

SCOPE: The requirements of this standard apply only to those mechanically-powered machine tools commonly referred to as mechanical power presses, which transmit force mechanically to cut, form, or assemble metal or other materials by means of tools or dies attached to or operated by slides.

Excluded from the requirements of this standard are:

  • Bulldozers
  • Cold headers and cold formers
  • Forging presses and hammers
  • High-energy-rate presses
  • Hot-bending and hot-metal presses
  • Hydraulic power presses
  • Iron workers and detail punches
  • Metal shears
  • Pneumatic power presses
  • Powdered-metal presses
  • Press welders
  • Power press brakes
  • Riveting machines
  • Turret and plate-punching machines
  • Wire terminating machines
  • Welding presses
ANSI B11.2-1995 (R05)
Hydraulic Power Presses - Safety Requirements for Construction, Care, and Use

SCOPE: The requirements of this standard apply only to those machine tools, commonly referred to as hydraulic power presses, which transmit force hydraulically to cut, form, or assemble metal or other materials by means of tools or dies attached to or operated by slides.

Excluded from the requirements of this standard are:

  • Manually powered presses
  • Mechanical power presses
  • Air powered presses
  • Powdered metal presses
  • Horizontal hydraulic extrusion presses
  • High energy rate presses
  • Manually position "C" frame punching and riveting presses
  • Meat-processing presses
  • Forging presses and hammers
  • Powered press brakes
  • Metal shears
  • Iron workers
  • Cold headers
  • Die-casting machines
  • Plastic injection molding machines
  • Stretch forming machines
  • Roll-bending machines
  • Welding machines
  • Welding presses
  • Radial expanding and compression equipment
  • Packaging machines
  • Balers
  • Laboratory machines or equipment used to determine properties of materials
  • Guillotine paper cutters

ANSI B11. 3-2002
Safety Requirements for Power Press Brakes

SCOPE: The requirements of this standard apply to those machine tools classified as power press brakes (hereinafter referred to simply as "press brakes"), which are designed and constructed for the specific purpose of bending material.

The requirements of this standards also apply to powered folding machines.

Excluded from the requirements of this standard are:

  • Mechanical power presses
  • Hydraulic power presses, hand brakes
  • Tangent benders
  • Apron brakes
  • Other similar types of metal bending machines

ANSI B11.4-2003
Safety Requirements for Shears

SCOPE: This standard applies to those mechanically, hydraulically, hydra-mechanically, or pneumatically powered shears used to cut material by shearing and which utilize a fixed blade(s) and non-rotary moving blade(s).

The shears that are excluded from the requirements of this standard are:

  • Slitting-rotary, nibblers
  • Coil slitters
  • Portable hand tools
  • Rotary-blade slitters and shears
  • Iron workers
  • Alligator
  • Angle, bar, bean, channel, and notching machines

ANSI B11.5-1988 (R05)
Ironworkers - Safety Requirements for Construction, Care, and Use

SCOPE: The requirements of this standard apply to those combination, multipurpose powered machines that punch, shear, notch, cope and form metal or other materials commonly referred to as ironworkers. The requirements of this standard also apply to those single or multipurpose powered machines similar in construction to, and identical in the use of, an ironworker or portions thereof.

Excluded from the requirements of this standard are:

  • Alligator shears
  • Bar shears
  • Billet shears
  • Manually powered machines
  • Nibblers
  • Portable hand tools
  • Portable machines
  • Power press brakes
  • Power presses
  • Power shears

ANSI B11.6-2001
Safety Requirements for Manual Turning Machines with or without Automatic Control

SCOPE: This standard specifies safety requirements for the design, construction, operation and maintenance (including installation, dismantling, and transport) of the general class of manually controlled horizontal and vertical spindle turning machines. Machines covered by this standard are intended to work metals and other manmade materials. This standard also applies to devices that are integral to the machine. These machines may have automatic capability but may not be equipped with automatic part handling or barfeed mechanisms nor automatic tool changing systems.

Excluded from the requirements of this standard are NC Turning Machines where manual control is used only to set the machine for automatic production.


ANSI B11.7-1995 (R05)
Cold Headers & Cold Formers - Safety Requirements for Construction, Care, and Use

SCOPE: The requirements of this standard apply only to those mechanically-powered machines commonly referred to as cold headers and cold formers, which perform many operations such as shearing, heading, upsetting, extruding, trimming, forming, cold working, or warm forming material by means of tools and dies. This type of equipment generally has the ram in a horizontal position. Included are pointers and roll formers when they are mechanically an integral part of the basic machine.

Excluded from the requirements of this standard are:

  • Mechanical, hydraulic, and pneumatic power presses
  • Hot forgers
  • Hot upsetters (including cold work)
  • Hot formers
  • Hot headers
  • Vertical cold forgers
  • Four slide machines
  • Swagers
  • Wine drawers
  • Slotters
  • Shavers
  • High-energy machines
Also excluded are pointers and roll formers, unless they are an integral part of the basic machine.

ANSI B11.8-2001
Safety Requirements for Manual Milling, Drilling, & Boring Machines with or without Automatic Control

SCOPE: This standard specifies safety requirements for the design, construction, operation and maintenance (including installation, dismantling and transport) of manually controlled milling, drilling, and boring machines. This standard also applies to devices that are integral to the machine. These machines may have automatic capability but may not be equipped with automatic tool changing or automatic part handling systems.

Excluded from the requirements of this standard are NC milling, drilling, and boring machines where manual control is used only to set the machine for automatic production.


ANSI B11.9-1975 (R05)
Safety Requirements for the Construction, Care, and Use of Grinding Machines

SCOPE: This standard applies only to grinding machines, designed primarily for metal removal, that present grinding tools against workpieces, producing change in shape, size, and surface finish by grinding. This standard also applies to these machines when they are grinding materials other than metals such as glass, ceramics, plastics, and rubber.

This standard does not apply to portable hand-held grinders, machines using loose abrasives, or machines used for concrete cutting on road construction jobs.

Excluded from the requirements of this standard are:

  • Lens polishing machines
  • Masonry cutting and grinding machines
  • Tumbling machines
  • Others primarily not designed for metal removal

ANSI B11.10-2003
Safety Requirements for Metal Sawing Machines

SCOPE: This standard specifies safety requirements for the design, construction, modification, operation and maintenance (including installation, dismantling and transport) of a general class of stationary machine tools that use a saw blade (tool) to cut off or change the shape of the workpiece.

This standard also applies to ancillary devices integrated into the machine (e.g., part handling mechanisms, chip handling systems).

Excluded from the requirements of this standard are:

  • Woodworking sawing machines
  • Stonecutting sawing machines
  • Food-processing sawing machines
  • Abrasive-sawing machines
  • Portable by-hand sawing machines

ANSI B11.11-2001
Safety Requirements for Gear and Spline Cutting Machines

SCOPE: This standard specifies safety requirements for the design, construction, operation and maintenance (including installation, dismantling and transport) of gear and spline cutting machines (see 3.1). The requirements of this standard apply to machines with single or multiple spindles that are specifically constructed to produce gear teeth by the process of hobbing, milling, shaping, and broaching. It also applies to those machines that shave, hone, lap, or chamfer gear teeth and machines used to produce ratchet, spline, or sprocket teeth. The requirements of this standard do not apply to machines used for molding, rolling, flame cutting, gear grinding, stamping, impact forming, forging, and gear inspection. Power tools, portable by hand are also excluded from this standard.

ANSI B11.12-2005
Safety Requirements for Roll Forming & Roll Bending Machines

SCOPE: The requirements of this standard apply to any power-driven metal-forming machine that changes the shape or the direction, or both, of materials by use of rolls, rotary forming dies, and associated tooling.

Excluded from the requirements of this standard are:

  • Assel mills
  • Bar mills
  • Bench presses
  • Blooming mills
  • Bulldozers
  • Calendar mills
  • Calendering rolls
  • Compression benders
  • Cross roll straighteners
  • Cutoff and slitting equipment
  • Dedimplers
  • Draw benches
  • Draw benders
  • Entry and exit equipment
  • Extruders
  • Forging presses
  • Forging reducing rolls
  • Four-slide machines
  • Hot bending presses
  • Hot scalping pipe mills
  • Iron workers
  • Merchant mills
  • Pipe benders
  • Plate mills
  • Plug rolling mills
  • Power presses (all types)
  • Preliminary and post operations
  • Press brakes
  • Rockrite machines
  • Rotary peeling mills
  • Saws
  • Shears
  • Sheet mills
  • Slab mills
  • Spinning machines
  • Stretch benders
  • Swaging machines
  • Thread rollers
  • Tube benders
  • Uncoilers
  • Welders
  • Wiring machines

ANSI B11.13-1992 (R98)
Single and Multiple-Spindle Automatic Bar, and Chucking Machines -
Safety Requirements for the Construction, Care, and Use

SCOPE: This standard applies to single- and multiple-spindle automatic bar and chucking machines in which all tool movement is controlled by the machine.

Excluded from the requirements in this standard are:

  • Lathes
  • Engine lathes
  • Toolroom lathes
  • Vertical-shaft lathes
  • Copy/tracer lathes
  • Gap and sliding-gap lathes
  • Combination lathes

ANSI B11.14-1996
Coil Slitting Machines - Safety Requirements for the Construction, Care, and Use

SCOPE: The requirements of this standard apply to those machines commonly known as slitting machines, which use two parallel rotating arbors, one or more of which are adjustable, on which are mounted circular knives spaced to create necessary cutting positions for the continuous slitting of flat rolled metal or other materials into single or multiple strands. [NOTE: The scope and requirements of this standard currently being incorporated into B11.18. When finished (late 2005), B11.14 will be withdrawn]

ANSI B11.15-2001
Safety Requirements for Pipe, Tube and Shape Bending Machines

SCOPE: The requirements of this standard apply to any power-driven machine designed for bending pipe, tube, and shape by means of bending dies, clamp dies, pressure dies, mandrels, wiper dies, bending punches, radius dies, wing dies, and associated tooling.

Excluded from the requirements forthis standard are:

  • Bench presses
  • Hydro forming
  • Forging presses
  • Four-slide machines
  • Hydraulic presses
  • Mechanical presses
  • Power press brakes
  • Roll benders
  • Roll formers
  • Assembly machines

ANSI B11.16-2003 (MPIF #47)
Safety Requirements for Powder/Metal Compacting Presses

SCOPE: The requirements of this standard apply to those mechanically or hydraulically powered machine tools that are designed, modified, or converted for the compressing of metallic or non-metallic powders. These machines are commonly referred to as metal powder presses, powder metal presses, compacting presses, P/M briquetting presses, metal powder sizing presses, metal powder sizing presses, or metal powder coining presses. For the purpose of this standard, they shall be referred to as "P/M Presses."

Excluded from this standard are:

  • Mechanical and hydraulic powder press brakes
  • Mechanical and hydraulic power presses
  • Bulldozers
  • Conventional hot bending and hot metal presses
  • Conventional forging presses
  • Hammers
  • Riveting machines and similar types of fastener applications
  • Isostatic and hydrostatic presses
  • High energy rate presses

ANSI B11.17-2005
Safety Requirements for Horizontal Hydraulic Extrusion Presses

SCOPE: The requirements of this standard apply to those horizontal hydraulically powered presses that extrude metals by means of applying sufficient pressure to an individual metal billet, confined within a container, to force the metal to be extruded through the configured openings of a die. Included are horizontal hydraulically powered presses that produce extruded shapes by the extrusion process, either direct or indirect.

Excluded from the requirements for this standard are:

  • Hydrostatic extrusion presses
  • Vertical extrusion presses
  • Laboratory presses used to develop extrusion techniques for new materials and products
  • Extruding machines of unconventional design

ANSI B11.18-1997
Safety Requirements for the Machinery Systems for
Processing or Slitting or Non-Coiled Metal Strip, Sheet or Plate

SCOPE: This standard applies to machines, and groups of machines arranged in production systems, for processing coils of strip, sheet, or plate material through the machines that shape, size or otherwise convert the material into desired part or material configurations.

Specifically excluded from this standard are machinery and devices for performing thermal, coating, chemical, and electrolytic processes and any emissions therefrom, associated with coil processing lines and systems. process systems designed for pickling, galvanizing, plating, painting, cleaning, lubrication and surface preparation. [NOTE: Currently being revised. Expected late 2005]


ANSI B11.19-2003
Performance Criteria for Safeguarding 

SCOPE: This standard provides performance requirements for the design, construction, installation, operation and maintenance of the safeguarding (guards, safeguarding devices, awareness devices, safeguarding methods, safe work procedures).

This standard does not provide the requirements for the selection of the safeguarding for a particular application, though there is guidance provided.


ANSI B11.20-2004
Safety Requirements for Integrated Manufacturing Systems

SCOPE: This standard specifies the safety requirements for the design, construction, set-up, operation and maintenance (including installation, dismantling and transport) of integrated manufacturing systems.

This standard does not cover: safety aspects of individual machines and equipment that may be covered by standards specific to those machines and equipment (B11 base standard), transfer machines or transfer lines, or continuous flow processes.


ANSI B11.21-1997
Safety Requirements for Machine Tools Using Lasers for Processing Materials

SCOPE: This standard applies to machine tools using laser radiation to process materials. The standard describes the hazards generated by such machines and states the safety measures to be incorporated into such machines.

The standard also contains the description of information required to be provided by suppliers and users of such equipment.

Excluded from the requirements of this document are:

  • Photolithography
  • Holography
  • Equipment used in medical applications
  • Data storage
  • Laser printers
  • Copiers
[NOTE: Currently being revised. Expected late 2005]

ANSI B11.22-2002
Safety Requirements for Turning Center and Automatic Numerically Controlled Turning Machines

SCOPE: This standard specifies the safety requirements for the design, construction, operation and maintenance (including installation, dismantling and transport) of turning centers and automatic numerically controlled turning machines

This standard does not cover safety requirements of manufacturing systems/cells (integrated manufacturing systems).


ANSI B11.23-2002
Safety Requirements for Machining Centers and Automatic
Numerically Controlled Milling, Drilling and Boring Machines

SCOPE: This standard specifies the safety requirements for the design, construction, operation and maintenance (including installation, dismantling, and transport) of machining centers and automatic numerically controlled milling, drilling and boring machines.

ANSI B11.24-2002
Safety Requirements for Transfer Machines

SCOPE: This standard specifies the safety requirements for the design, construction, operation and maintenance (including installation, dismantling and transport) of transfer machines.

This standard does not cover safety requirements of manufacturing systems/cells (integrated manufacturing systems), nor of transfer press lines.


ANSI B11.TR1-2004
Ergonomic Guidelines for the Design, Installation And Use of Machine Tools

The purpose of this guideline is to provide a uniform approach to ergonomic considerations for machine tools within the workplace. This document addresses those considerations which will assist in design, installation and use of manufacturing systems, including individual and integrated machine tools and auxiliary components.

ANSI B11.TR2-1997
Mist Control Considerations for the Design,
Installation And Use of Machine Tools Using Metalworking Fluids

This document provides guidelines for a uniform approach to the control of airborne contaminants generated by stationary machine tools used to cut and form materials. Control shall be through the proper design, installation, use, and maintenance of the machine tool and its support systems (such as, but not limited to, metalworking fluid delivery systems and air cleaning equipment).

ANSI B11.TR3-2000
Risk Assessment and Risk Reduction - A Guideline to Estimate,
Evaluate and Reduce Risks Associated with Machine Tools

This B11 Technical Report provides a means to identify hazards associated with a particular machine or system when used as intended, and provides a procedure to estimate, evaluate, and reduce the risks of harm to individuals associated with these hazards under the various conditions of use of that machine or system.

ANSI B11.TR4-2004
Selection of Programmable Electronic Systems (PES/PLC) for Machine Tools

The purpose of this Technical Report is to provide guidance for the design or selection, integration, and validation of PESs for the safety related functions of a machine production system. The terminology used in this document may not be used consistently throughout the industry, but this document does represent the concepts which are important when using and designing safety-related control systems.

ANSI B11.TR5-200X (not an approved document; in development)
Sound Level Measurement Guidelines

The purpose of this Technical Report is to specify methods for measuring, evaluating and documenting sound levels emitted by a machine or machine production system(s) during normal operation and when running at idle, and to establish recommended sound levels at the various measurement locations around the machine or machine production system. (EXPECTED late 2005)

ANSI B11.TR6-200X (not an approved document; in development)
Control Reliable Circuits and Servo Drive Technology

The purpose of this Technical Report is to develop the engineering concepts of control reliability as they apply to electronic (particularly safety) circuits using the tenets and principles of risk assessment, while also attempting to harmonize with the EN and ISO standards/systems. This technical report will also address safety requirements of servo drive technology. (EXPECTED in 2006)