- Safety and Health Topics
- Grain Handling
This section highlights OSHA standards, Federal Register Notices (rules, proposed rules, and notices), directives (instruction to OSHA staff), letters of interpretation (official letters of interpretation of the standards), and national consensus standards related to grain handling.
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
- 1910.22, General requirements (Walking/working surfaces)
- 1910.28, Duty to have fall protection and falling object protection [related topic page]
- 1910.68, Manlifts
- 1910.111, Storage and handling of anhydrous ammonia [related topic page]
- 1910.272, Grain handling facilities
- Appendix A, Grain handling facilities
- Appendix B, National consensus standards
- Appendix C, References for further information
- 1910.307, Hazardous (classified) locations
- 1910.1000, Air contaminants
- Table Z-1, Limits for air contaminants
OSHA has completed a Section 610 review (also known as a "Lookback review") of the Grain Handling Facilities Standard (29 CFR 1910.272), and issued a final report. OSHA regularly reviews existing standards to determine whether the standards should be maintained without change, rescinded or modified.
Federal Register Notices
- Exit Routes, Emergency Action Plans, and Fire Prevention Plans; Final Rule. Final Rules 67:67949-67965, (November 7, 2002). Identifies grain handling facilities (29 CFR 1910.272(d)), Emergency action plan as one of the general industry standards that requires an emergency action plan or a fire prevention plan.
- Occupational Injury and Illness Recording and Reporting Requirements. Final Rules 67:77165-77170, (December 17, 2002). Delays the effective date of three provisions of the Occupational Injury and Illness Recording and Reporting Requirements rule published January 19, 2001. OSHA implemented the hearing loss column requirements on January 1, 2004, and continued to evaluate the MSD provisions over the next year.
- Grain Handling Facilities. Final Rules 61:9577-9584, (March 8, 1996). Links to a technical amendment to clarify requirements intended to provide protection for employees who enter flat storage structures.
- Grain Handling Facilities. Proposed Rules 60:54047-54051, (October 19, 1995). Proposes to revise a previous exception to the standard for flat storage buildings or tanks and to add a new provision that applies to entry into flat storage facilities which do not have atmospheric hazards.
- Inspection of Grain Handling Facilities, 29 CFR 1910.272. CPL 02-01-004 [CPL 2-1.4C], (November 8, 1996). Provides guidelines for inspections conducted in grain handling facilities and clarifications of 29 CFR 1910.272.
Letters of Interpretation
- Difference between "grain elevators" and "grain handling facilities". (October 15, 1998).
- Enforcement of Fall Protection on Moving Stock. (October 18, 1996). Links to a response to a request by the National Grain and Food Association (NGFA) for clarification of the Agency's enforcement policy relating to fall hazards from the tops of "rolling stock," such as rail tank or hopper cars and tank or hopper trucks or trailers.
- The terminology "making contact with the interior leg casing" in CPL 02-01-04 and grain handling facilities with less than one million bushels permanent storage facilities. (October 31, 1991). Clarifies that application of the 29 CFR 1910.272(q)(7) standard does not preclude the applicability of the bearing monitoring standard [29 CFR 1910.272(q)(4)].
- Grain elevator inspection activities. (May 30, 1991).
- Clarification of whether employee emergency or fire prevention plans need to be in written form. (February 5, 1990).
National Consensus Standards
Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
- A17, Elevator and Escalator Safety Package. Includes the following:
- A17.1-2007, Handbook on Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators
- A17.2-2007, Guide for Inspection of Elevators, Escalators, and Moving Walks
- A17.3-2005, 2005 Safety Code for Existing Elevators and Escalators
- A17.4-1999, Guide for Emergency Personnel
- A17.5-1996, Elevator and Escalator Electrical Equipment
There are twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.