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Flavorings-Related Lung Disease

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OSHA Standards

State Standards

There are twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.

There are currently no specific OSHA standards for occupational exposure to butter-flavoring, diacetyl, or 2,3-pentanedione. However, OSHA standards regulating all workplaces offer protection to workers exposed to these substances.

This section highlights OSHA standards and directives (instruction to OSHA staff) related to occupational exposure to butter-flavoring or the chemical diacetyl.

Section 5(a)(1) of the OSH Act, often referred to as the General Duty Clause, requires employers to "furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees". Section 5(a)(2) requires employers to "comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this Act".

General Industry (29 CFR 1910)

Directives
  • National Emphasis Program - Microwave Popcorn Processing Plants. DIR 11-01 (CPL 03), (January 18, 2011). Similar to the expired 2007 NEP, CPL 03-00-005, and described policies and procedures for implementing an emphasis program to identify and reduce or eliminate exposures to butter-flavoring chemicals - such as diacetyl and chemical substitutes - used in microwave popcorn manufacturing facilities.
  • National Emphasis Program - Facilities that Manufacture Food Flavorings Containing Diacetyl. CPL 03-00-011, (October 30, 2009). Describes policies and procedures for implementing an emphasis program to identify and reduce or eliminate hazards associated with exposures to flavoring chemicals in any facility that manufactures food flavorings containing diacetyl.
  • National Emphasis Program - Microwave Popcorn Processing Plants. CPL 03-00-005, (July 27, 2007) (Expired as of July 27, 2008). Described policies and procedures for implementing an emphasis program to identify and reduce or eliminate exposure to butter-flavoring chemicals - such as diacetyl - used in microwave popcorn manufacturing facilities.

State Standards

There are twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.

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