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Asbestos hazards are addressed in specific standards for the construction industry.
This section highlights OSHA standards, Federal Registers (rules, proposed rules, and notices), directives (instructions for compliance officers), standard interpretations (official letters of interpretation of the standards), and national consensus standards related to asbestos.
Note: Twenty-five states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands have OSHA-approved State Plans and have adopted their own standards and enforcement policies. For the most part, these States adopt standards that are identical to Federal OSHA. However, some States have adopted different standards applicable to this topic or may have different enforcement policies.
Construction Industry (29 CFR 1926)
- 1926 Subpart Z, Toxic and hazardous substances
- 1926.1101, Asbestos
- Appendix A, OSHA reference method - Mandatory
- Appendix B, Sampling and analysis - Non-mandatory
- Appendix C, Qualitative and quantitative fit testing procedures - Mandatory
- Appendix D, Medical questionnaires; Mandatory
- Appendix E, Interpretation and classification of chest roentgenograms - Mandatory
- Appendix F, Work practices and engineering controls for class I asbestos operations - Non-mandatory
- Appendix G, [Reserved]
- Appendix H, Substance technical information for asbestos - Non-mandatory
- Appendix I, Medical surveillance guidelines for asbestos, non-mandatory
- Appendix J, Smoking cessation program information for asbestos, Non-mandatory
- Appendix K, Polarized light microscopy of asbestos - Non-mandatory
- For additional information on specific state plans or other general standards, see the general industry Asbestos page.
- Assigned Protection Factors; Final Rule. Final Rules 71:50121-50192, (2006, August 24).
Revises the existing Respiratory Protection Standard to add definitions and requirements for Assigned Protection Factors (APFs) and Maximum Use Concentrations (MUCs). The revisions also supersede the respirator selection provisions of existing substance-specific standards, including the Asbestos Standards, with these new APFs.
- Technical Amendments. Final Rules 71:16669-16675, (2006, April 3).
- Search all available Federal Registers.
- Inspection Procedures for Occupational Exposure to Asbestos Final Rule 29 CFR Parts 1910.1001, 1926.1101, and 1915.1001. CPL 02-02-063 [CPL 2-2.63 CH-1], (1996, January 9). Includes 11 pages of changes only.
- Inspection Procedures for Occupational Exposure to Asbestos Final Rule 29 CFR Parts 1910.1001, 1926.1101, and 1915.1001. CPL 02-02-063 [CPL 2-2.63, Revised], (1995, November 3).
- Occupational Exposure to Asbestos, Tremolite, Antrohyllite, and Actinolite; Final Rules Amending Present Standards in General Industry (29 CFR 1910.1001) and in Construction (29 CFR 1926.58), and Lift. CSP 01-01-026 [STP 2-1.126A], (1992, October 21).
- Search all available directives.
- Glove bag requirements for outdoor removal of intact and non-intact asbestos-containing gaskets under 1926.1101. (2007, November 11).
- Classification of removal of asbestos-containing gaskets; requirement to conduct removal in a "glove bag". (2007, April 5).
- Clarification of decontamination procedures for employees involved in Class I asbestos work. (2007, March 1).
- Engineering controls for removal of asbestos-containing construction mastic (Class II work operations). (2005, August 30).
- Construction industry asbestos standard, 1926.1101, as applied to the demolition of buildings containing installed asbestos. (2005, June 27).
- Prohibitions and/or restrictions on aggressive methods for removing asbestos-containing mastic from floors. (2005, May 18).
- Construction industry asbestos standard definition of "regulated area" and requirements for work involving materials of <1% asbestos for demolition and sheetrock projects. (2005, February 1)
- Application of the asbestos standard and labeling requirements to gaskets or packings containing >1% asbestos. (2003, December 22).
- Application of construction standard to demolition operations involving material less than 1% asbestos. (2003, October 27).
- Aggressive vs non-aggressive removal of asbestos-containing flooring material; negative exposure assessment methods for direct and indirect employee exposures. (2003, May 7).
- Application of the asbestos standard to demolition of buildings with ACM in place. (2002, August 26).
- Application of the Asbestos Standard to the removal of ACM debris and intact material. (2002, August 26).
- Application of the asbestos standard to demolition of buildings with ACM in place. (2002, August 26). Discusses OSHA requirements when demolishing buildings with ACM left in place.
- Responsibility of each person involved in Class I glovebag removal operations. (1997, September 18).
- Glove bag methods for control of exposure to airborne asbestos. (1997, May 15).
- Clarification of Asbestos standard. (1996, August 26). Provides clarification concerning asbestos-containing paint.
- Glove bag use. (1996, May 22).
- The use of "pipe cases" manufactured by Therm-Equip, Inc., in lieu of standard glove bags. (1995, December 15). States that the use of "pipe cases" complies with the asbestos standard for the removal of asbestos from high-temperature (up to 700 degrees F) pipes and ducts.
- Negative exposure assessment for 1926.1101. (1995, December 4).
- Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) requirements for asbestos removal bags. (1994, November 17).
- High-Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) Filters For Vacuum Cleaning. (1990, September 6). States that "cold" DOP aerosol is not acceptable for use in testing and certifying the efficiency of HEPA filters.
- Portam Process asbestos abatement equipment use for asbestos removal. (1990, August 23). Discusses OSHA's intent. OSHA does not approve or certify equipment or processes for use in the workplace.
- Red Baron Negative Air Enclosure System. (1990, May 3).
- Effectiveness of the Glove Box for removal of asbestos-containing pipe insulation. (1990, April 4).
Sampling & analysis, and characteristics of asbestos-containing materials
Building evaluation and use
- Clarification of OSHA's asbestos standards for general industry and construction and the respiratory protection standard as applied to medical surveillance of employees. (2007, May 10).
- Employee's rights upon termination to access to physician's written opinion and respirator fit test results. (2005, October 20).
- Classification of asbestos work for employees performing asbestos inspections and obtaining bulk samples. (1997, April 28).
- Training requirements of the competent person for Class II roofing work. (1996, April 2).
- After changing protective clothing for a lunch break, it should not be reused for the balance of the shift. (1993, June 21).
- Trailer mounted vacuum system and bagging station used in asbestos abatement. (1990, August 10).
- Asbestos and the Hazard Communication Standard. (1989, December 26).
- Interpretation of 1926.58, training and medical surveillance as condition of employment. (1989, December 13).
- Evaluation of X-rays and pulmonary function tests for early diagnosis of lung disease. (1985, February 4). Discusses the notification of employees of medical test results.
Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
- E1368-05e1, Standard Practice for Visual Inspection of Asbestos Abatement Projects. Establishes accepted practices for evaluating asbestos abatement projects
- E2394 - 04e1, Standard Practice for Maintenance, Renovation and Repair of Installed Asbestos Cement Products
Evaluating and Controlling Exposure
- The Asbestos Advisor 2.0. OSHA Expert Systems. Provides interactive compliance assistance. Once installed on your PC, it can interview you about buildings and worksites, and the kinds of tasks workers perform there. It will produce guidance on how the Asbestos Standard may apply to those buildings.
Medical surveillance guidance is provided in the following appendix to the OSHA Standards:
Exposure monitoring samples must be analyzed by Phase Contrast Microscopy (PCM) for OSHA purposes. PCM methods accurately assess fiber exposure levels, but PCM can not differentiate between asbestos and non-asbestos fibers. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) methods may be used to identify fibers, but may not be used to quantify air concentrations for occupational exposure.
Bulk sample analysis
Bulk sample analysis should be done by Polarized Light Microscopy (PLM). Bulk analysis results will likely apply to both OSHA and EPA regulations.
- Wildfires. OSHA. Includes links to OSHA fact sheets & QuickCards, related Safety and Health Topics Pages, training programs, and other resources.
Related Safety and Health Topics Pages
- Construction. OSHA's Alliance Program. This is one of OSHA's Strategic Management Plan Focus Areas.
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