The following references discuss issues of exposure for employees who participate in a variety of activities involved with making finished apparel and footwear, including sewing, cutting, gluing, and stitching. This page does not include information on the hazards of weaving, synthesizing, compounding, or in any other way producing textiles, leather, or other starting
Occupational Outlook Handbook. US Department of Labor (DOL), Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Provides information on available careers by industry, including the nature of the industry, working conditions, employment, occupations in the industry, training and advancement, earnings and benefits, employment outlook, and lists of organizations that can provide additional information.
All Other Cut and Sew Apparel Manufacturing (PDF). US Department of Commerce, US Census Bureau Publication EC97M-3152P, (1999, November). The 1997 economic census for manufacturing provides in-depth information regarding the apparel manufacturing industry.
Control of Dust From Powder Dye Handling Operations. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 97-107, (1997). Discusses the reduction of worker exposure to powdered dye through ventilation, work practice controls, and limiting bulk container height.
Special Occupational Hazard Review For Benzidine-Based Dyes. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 80-109, (1980, January). Evaluates available information concerning the carcinogenicity and metabolism of benzidine-based dyes and concludes that all these dyes should be recognized as potential human carcinogens.
The following are information sheets published by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE).
Dyes and chemicals in textile finishing: An introduction. Dyeing and Finishing Information Sheet No. 1. Focuses on safely handling dyes and chemicals during textile finishing.
Non-dyestuff chemicals: Safe handling in textile finishing. Dyeing and Finishing Information Sheet No 2. Outlines risks typical to the dyeing and finishing industries together with risk control measures likely to be appropriate.
Dyestuffs: Safe handling in textile finishing. Dyeing and Finishing Information Sheet No. 3, (1996, June). Outlines safe use of textile materials.
Hazards from dyes and chemicals in textile finishing: A brief guide for employees. Dyeing and Finishing Information Sheet No. 4, (1996, June). Informs employees of what precautions to take in order to protect themselves from potential hazards in the workplace.
Reactive dyes: Safe handling in textile finishing. Dyeing and Finishing Information Sheet No. 5, (1997, October). Discusses how reactive dyes can damage the immune system if they are inhaled or ingested.
Dust control in dyestuff handling. Dyeing and Finishing Information Sheet No. 6, (2002, April). Gives advice about controlling dust when handling of dyestuffs.
Selection and safe use of spotting solvents in textile and clothing industries. Textiles Information Sheet No. 7, (2002, April). Provides practical, step-by-step guidance on selecting spotting solvents and on how to prevent risks to the health and safety of those who use them.
Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Workplace Safety and Health Topic. Provides ergonomic related references including research, programs and interventions, and risk factors.
Manual Handling in the Textile Industry (PDF). Health and Safety Commission (HSC), Textiles Industry Advisory Committee, (1998, March). Describes hazards associated with handling materials and offers helpful solutions.
Preventing slips and trips at work (PDF). Health and Safety Executive (HSE), (2003, November). Points out that over one third of all major injuries reported each year are the result of a slip or trip. Provides examples of potential slip and trip hazards in the workplace and explains how to identify those hazards as well as possible controls needed.
All other documents, that are not PDF materials or formatted for the web, are available as Microsoft Office® formats and videos and are noted accordingly. If additional assistance is needed with reading, reviewing or accessing these documents or any figures and illustrations, please also contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300.
**eBooks - EPUB is the most common format for e-Books. If you use a Sony Reader, a Nook, or an iPad you can download the EPUB file format. If you use a Kindle, you can download the MOBI file format.
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