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Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA

Violation Detail

Standard Cited: 5A0001 OSH Act General Duty Paragraph

Violation Items

Nr: 103222204 Citation: 01001 Issuance: 01/13/1992 ReportingID: 0522300

Viol Type:Serious NrInstances:8 Contest Date:
Abatement Date:05/28/1992 X Nr Exposed:10 Final Order:
Initial Penalty: $1,250.00 REC: Emphasis:
Current Penalty: $750.00 Gravity:03 Haz Category:CONFINED

Penalty and Failure to Abate Event History
Type Event Date Penalty Abatement Type FTA Insp
Penalty Z: Issued 01/13/1992 $1,250.00 05/28/1992 Serious  
Penalty I: Informal Settlement 01/28/1992 $750.00 05/28/1992 Serious  

Text For Citation: 01 Item/Group: 001 Hazard: CONFINED

Section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970: The employer did not furnish employment and a place of employment which were free from recognized hazards that were causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm to employees in that employees were exposed to: The hazards of potentially toxic contaminants, combustible gas or vapor (natural gas, carbon monoxide, etc.) and or oxygen deficient atmospheres when entering the confined spaces associated with foundry furnace pits for maintenance purposes. Among other methods, one feasible and acceptable abatement method to correct this hazard is to establish a "permit required confined space program" (entry permit program). Under such a program, the employer shall: (1) Identify and evaluate each hazard of the permit spaces, including determination of severity. (2) Establish and implement the means, procedures and practices by which the permit spaces can be entered safely. (3) Establish a written permit system for the proper preparation, issuance and implementation of entry permits. (4) Post signs near permit spaces to notify employees what hazards may be present and that only authorized entrants may enter the permit spaces. (5) Prevent unauthorized personnel from entering permit spaces through such measures as training or by posting signs and barriers, as necessary. (6) Train employees so that attendants, authorized entrants and personnel authorizing or in charge of entry can work safely in and around the permit space. (7) Provide, maintain and ensure that proper use of the equipment, necessary for safe entry, including testing, monitoring, communication and personal protective equipment. (8) Ensure that the procedures and equipment necessary to rescue entrants from permit spaces are implemented and provided. (9) Ensure that all pedestrians, vehicle or other barriers necessary to protect entrants from external hazards are provided. (10) Ensure that, when an employer, such as a contractor, plans to send employees into a permit space which is under the control of another employer (host employer), the host employer provides the contractor with all available information on permit space hazards, safety rules and emergency procedures of which the contractor needs to be aware of in order to comply with this procedure. Note: If the employer determines that the permit spaces are "low-hazard permit spaces", i.e., a permit space where there is an exteremly low likelihood that an IDLH (immediately dangerous to life or health) or engulfment hazard could be present and where all other serious hazards have been controlled, the requirement for an attendant may be eliminated provided all necessary permit and training requirements have been met.

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