Standard Cited: 5A0001 OSH Act General Duty Paragraph

Violation Items
Nr: 102749868 Citation: 02001 Issuance: 09/17/1991 ReportingID: 0111100
Viol Type:WillFul NrInstances:2 Contest Date:10/07/1991
Abatement Date:12/18/1991 X Nr Exposed:50 Final Order:02/10/1993
Initial Penalty:50000.00 REC: Emphasis:
Current Penalty:16500.00 Gravity:10 Haz Category:BURNS

Penalty and Failure to Abate Event History
Type Event Date Penalty abatement Type FTA Insp
Penalty Z: Issued 09/17/1991 50000.00 12/18/1991 WillFul  
Penalty F: Formal Settlement 02/10/1993 16500.00 12/18/1991 WillFul  


Text For Citation: 02 Item/Group: 001 Hazard: BURNS

Section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970: The employer did not furnish employment and a place of employment which were free from recognized hazards that were causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm to employees in that employees were exposed to burns and injuries caused by fragments due to leakage, rupture, or failure of dryer cans containing steam and condensate. The following conditions contributed to the existence of this hazard: a. Paper Machines 1 Through 8 - A program of periodic inspection and documentation of inspection results of dryers/dryer cans was not implemented. ABATEMENT NOTE: Among other methods, one feasible and accepted method is to implement an unfired pressure vessel program in accordance with TAPPT, 1988, TIS 0402-16, Paragraph E. Key elements of this five-year program consist of the following: - A detailed internal and external visual inspection check conducted by experienced personnel. - Magnetic particle testing and inspection of dryer heads conducted by trained and certified personnel. - Ultrasonic testing and inspection of at least 20% of the head bolts for shank cracks conducted by trained and certified personnel. - Ultrasonic thickness testing measurements conducted by trained and certified personnel on any parts of the shell that appear to be thinned by corrosion or wear, as revealed by internal visual inspection. ABATEMENT SCHEDULE Step 1 - (9/30/91) Develop a written abatement plan and submit it to the Area Director. Step 2 - (11/30/91) Complete the Abatement Plan and evaluate its effectiveness. Note: Each inspector shall have education and experience equal to at least one of the following: (10/30/91) 1. A degree in engineering plus 1 year of experience in the design, construction, repair, operation, or inspection of boilers or pressure vessels. 2. A 2-year certificate in engineering or technology from a technical college plus 2 years of experience in the design, construction, repair, operation, or inspection of boilers or pressure vessels. 3. The equivalent of a high school education plus 3 years of experience in the construction, repair, operation, or inspection of boilers or pressure vessels.