OSHA requirements are set by statute, standards and regulations. Our interpretation letters explain these requirements and how they apply to particular circumstances, but they cannot create additional employer obligations. This letter constitutes OSHA's interpretation of the requirements discussed. Note that our enforcement guidance may be affected by changes to OSHA rules. Also, from time to time we update our guidance in response to new information. To keep apprised of such developments, you can consult OSHA's website at https://www.osha.gov.

December 10, 1998

                       REGIONAL ADMINISTRATOR

                       DIRECTORATE OF CONSTRUCTION


SUBJECT:               INTERPRETATION OF 29 CFR 1926.106

This is in response to your April 10, 1998 request for an interpretation of § 1926.106. § 1926.106(a) and (b) require that employees working over or near water be provided with life jackets or buoyant work vests, and that the vests be inspected. § 1926.106(c) requires that ring buoys be available; under .106(d), there must also be a lifesaving skiff present. Your question is whether these provisions must be met where the workers on a bridge "are constantly protected by guardrail systems, nets, or body belt/harness systems..."


The requirements in § .106(c) and (d) for ring buoys and a skiff address the hazard of falls that may occur in the event of a failure of the operation or use of the guardrails or fall protection devices. Therefore, ring buoys and a skiff must be provided irrespective of the fall protection provided on the bridge.

The provisions in .106(a) and (b) requiring the provision and inspection of life jackets or buoyant work vests applies "where the danger of drowning exists." This phrase is not used in § .106(c) and (d). The use of this phrase in § .106(a) constitutes a recognition that there are times when it is infeasible to provide continuous fall protection. During those periods, the lack of fall protection means that the workers face a direct danger of drowning. Consequently, we interpret § .106(a) and (b) as requiring these devices only when continuous fall protection is absent, however briefly. So long as the workers are protected by guardrails or fall protection systems at all times (without exception), the life jackets (or vests) do not have to be provided.