- Part Number:1928
- Part Number Title:Occupational Safety and Health Standards for Agriculture
- Subpart:1928 Subpart I
- Subpart Title:General Environmental Controls
- Standard Number:
- Title:Field Sanitation.
- GPO Source:
Scope. This section shall apply to any agricultural establishment where eleven (11) or more employees are engaged on any given day in hand-labor operations in the field.
Agricultural employer means any person, corporation, association, or other legal entity that:
(i) Owns or operates an agricultural establishment;
(ii) Contracts with the owner or operator of an agricultural establishment in advance of production for the purchase of a crop and exercises substantial control over production; or
(iii) Recruits and supervises employees or is responsible for the management and condition of an agricultural establishment.
Agricultural establishment is a business operation that uses paid employees in the production of food, fiber, or other materials such as seed, seedlings, plants, or parts of plants.
Hand-labor operations means agricultural activities or agricultural operations performed by hand or with hand tools. Except for purposes of paragraph (c)(2)(iii) of this section, hand-labor operations also include other activities or operations performed in conjunction with hand labor in the field. Some examples of hand-labor operations are the hand-cultivation, hand-weeding, hand-planting and hand-harvesting of vegetables, nuts, fruits, seedlings or other crops, including mushrooms, and the hand packing of produce into containers, whether done on the ground, on a moving machine or in a temporary packing shed located in the field. Hand-labor does not include such activities as logging operations, the care or feeding of livestock, or hand-labor operations in permanent structures (e.g., canning facilities or packing houses).
Handwashing facility means a facility providing either a basin, container, or outlet with an adequate supply of potable water, soap and single-use towels.
Potable water means water that meets the standards for drinking purposes of the State or local authority having jurisdiction, or water that meets the quality standards prescribed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's National Primary Drinking Water Regulations (40 CFR part 141).
means a fixed or portable facility designed for the purpose of adequate collection and containment of the products of both defecation and urination which is supplied with toilet paper adequate to employee needs. Toilet facility includes biological, chemical, flush and combustion toilets and sanitary privies.
Requirements. Agricultural employers shall provide the following for employees engaged in hand-labor operations in the field, without cost to the employee:
Potable drinking water.
Toilet and handwashing facilities.
One toilet facility and one handwashing facility shall be provided for each twenty (20) employees or fraction thereof, except as stated in paragraph (c)(2)(v) of this section.
Toilet and handwashing facilities shall be accessibly located and in close proximity to each other. The facilities shall be located within a one-quarter-mile walk of each hand laborer's place of work in the field.
Where due to terrain it is not feasible to locate facilities as required above, the facilities shall be located at the point of closest vehicular access.
Maintenance. Potable drinking water and toilet and handwashing facilities shall be maintained in accordance with appropriate public health sanitation practices, including the following:
Reasonable use. The employer shall notify each employee of the location of the sanitation facilities and water and shall allow each employee reasonable opportunities during the workday to use them. The employer also shall inform each employee of the importance of each of the following good hygiene practices to minimize exposure to the hazards in the field of heat, communicable diseases, retention of urine and agrichemical residues:
Use the water and facilities provided for drinking, handwashing and elimination;
Effective date. This standard shall take effect on May 30, 1987.
Startup dates. Employers must comply with the requirements of paragraphs:
Paragraph (c)(4), to assure reasonable use, by July 30, 1987.
[52 FR 16095, May 1, 1987; 76 FR 33612, June 8, 2011]