- Part Number:1915
- Part Number Title:OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS FOR SHIPYARD EMPLOYMENT
- Subpart:1915 Subpart I
- Subpart Title:Personal Protective Equipment
- Standard Number:
- Title:Eye and face protection.
- GPO Source:
The employer shall ensure that each affected employee uses equipment with filter lenses that have a shade number that provides appropriate protection from injurious light radiation. Table I-1 is a listing of appropriate shade numbers for various operations. If filter lenses are used in goggles worn under a helmet which has a lens, the shade number of the lens in the helmet may be reduced so that the shade numbers of the two lenses will equal the value as shown in Table I-1, §1915.153.
Table I-1-Filter Lenses for Protection Against Radiant Energy
|Operations||Electrode size 1/32 in.||Arc current||Minimum* protective shade|
|Shielded metal arc welding||Less than 3||Less than 60||7|
|More than 8||250-550||11|
|Gas metal arc welding and flux cored arc welding||Less than 60||7|
|Gas Tungsten arc welding||Less than 50||8|
|Air carbon||(Light)||Less than 500||10|
|Plasma arc welding||Less than 20||6|
|Plasma arc cutting||(light)**||Less than 300||8|
|Carbon Arc welding||14|
** These values apply where the actual arc is clearly seen. Lighter filters may be used when the arc is hidden by the workpiece.
Filter Lenses for Protection Against Radiant Energy
|Operations||Plate thickness-inches||Plate thickness-mm||Minimum* protective shade|
|Light||Under 1/8||Under 3.2||4|
|Medium||1/8 to 1/2||3.2 to 12.7||5|
|Heavy||Over 1/2||Over 12.7||6|
|Light||Under 1||Under 25||3|
|Medium||1 to 6||25 to 150||4|
|Heavy||Over 6||Over 150||5|
* As a rule of thumb, start with a shade that is too dark to see the weld zone. Then go to a lighter shade which gives sufficient view of the weld zone without going below the minimum. In oxyfuel gas welding or cutting where the torch produces a high yellow light, it is desirable to use a filter lens that absorbs the yellow or sodium line in the visible light of the (spectrum) operation.
[61 FR 26321, May 24, 1996; 74 FR 46358, Sept. 9, 2009; 81 FR 16091, March 25, 2016; 85 FR 8732-8733, February 18, 2020]