• Record Type:
    OSHA Instruction
  • Current Directive Number:
    CPL 2-0.51I
  • Old Directive Number:
    CPL 2-0.51I
  • Title:
    Enforcement Exemptions and Limitations under the Appropriations Act
  • Information Date:
Archive Notice - OSHA Archive

NOTICE: This is an OSHA Archive Document, and may no longer represent OSHA Policy. It is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only.



DIRECTIVE NUMBER: CPL 2-0.51 I EFFECTIVE DATE: October 15, 1997
SUBJECT: Enforcement Exemptions and Limitations under the Appropriations Act


ABSTRACT

Purpose:Explains the limits on inspection activities under the Appropriations Act.

Scope:OSHA-wide.

References:OSHA Instruction CPL 2.103 - Field Inspection Reference Manual, CPL 2.115 - Complaint Policy and Procedures.

Cancellations:OSHA Instruction CPL 2.51H.

State Impact:See Paragraph VI.

Action Offices:National, Regional, and Area Offices

Originating Office:Directorate of Compliance Programs

Contact:Don Kallstrom (202-219-8031)
Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance
N3107 Frances Perkins Building
200 Constitution Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20210


By and Under the Authority of
Gregory R. Watchman,
Acting Assistant Secretary


TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT

I. Purpose.

II. Scope.

III. References.

IV. Cancellation.

V. Action.

VI. Federal Program Change.

VIII. Key Terms.

IX. General Enforcement Guidelines.

Table 1 Exceptions and Limitations

X. Enforcement Guidance for Small Farming Operations.

XI. Enforcement Guidance for Small Employers in low-hazard industries.

XII. Late Discovery of Exemption.

XIII. IMIS.

Appendix A SIC CODES FOR INDUSTRIES WITH A LOST WORKDAY
INJURY RATE BELOW THE NATIONAL PRIVATE SECTOR
RATE OF 3.4 FOR 1995.

INDEX



I. Purpose. This instruction explains the limits (exemptions and limitations) for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) enforcement activity under the Appropriations Act. This funding measure's riders and this instruction focus on limiting the inspection of those employers who employ ten or fewer employees.

II. Scope. This instruction applies OSHA-wide and where applicable, to those Employment Standards Administration (ESA) offices enforcing OSHA's Field Sanitation and Temporary Labor Camp standards in agricultural settings.

III. References.

A. OSHA Instruction STP 2.22A, May 14, 1986, the State Plan Policies and Procedures Manual.

B. OSHA Instruction CPL 2.103, September 26, 1994, the Field Inspection Reference Manual (FIRM)

C. Secretary's Orders 5-96 and 6-96, December 27, 1996, Delegation of Authority and Assignment of Responsibility to the Assistant Secretary for Employment Standards and Other Officials in the Employment Standards Administration and the Assistant Secretary for Occupational Safety and Health.

D. OSHA Instruction CPL 2.115, June 14, 1996, Complaint Policies and Procedures

IV. Cancellation. OSHA Instruction CPL 2.51H, March 23, 1993, is canceled.

V. Action. OSHA Regional Administrators and Area Directors are to ensure that they schedule and conduct enforcement activities following the guidelines set forth in this instruction. They shall insure distribution of these guidelines to Employment Standards Administration, Wage and Hour Division District offices who are responsible for enforcing the OSHA field sanitation and temporary labor camp standards pursuant to Secretary's Order 5-96 and 6-96. These guidelines are in effect until superseded or amended.

VI. Federal Program Change. This instruction describes a Federal program change which affects State programs. Each Regional Administrator is to:

A. Ensure that a copy of this change is promptly forwarded to each State designee, using a format consistent with the Plan Change Two-Way Memorandum in Appendix P, OSHA Instruction STP 2.22A, CH-2.

B. Explain to each State designee that States cannot be reimbursed for any share of funds expended for activities prohibited by these exemptions and limitations and that they must be able to demonstrate that no Federal funds have been used for prohibited activities. The technical content of the change shall be explained as requested.

C. Ensure that State designees are asked to acknowledge receipt of this Federal program change in writing to the Regional Administrator as soon as the State's intention is known, but not later than 70 calendar days after the date of issuance (10 days for mailing and 60 days for response). This acknowledgment must include a written description either of the State's plan to implement the change or of a plan to fund the prohibited activities with other than 23(g) State or Federal matching funds.

D. Review policies, instructions and guidelines issued by the State to determine that this change has been communicated to State personnel and maintain appropriate accounting mechanisms for assuring that no 23(g) funds are expended for these activities.

VII. Background. In providing funding for OSHA, Congress has placed restrictions on enforcement activities regarding two categories of employers: small farming operations and small employers in low-hazard industries. The Appropriations Act contains limits for OSH Act activities on a year-by-year basis.

VIII. Key Terms. Definitions pertinent to this Directive are the following:

A "FARMING OPERATION" means any operation [employers engaged in businesses that have a two digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) of 01 (Agricultural Production - Crops), 02 (Agricultural Production - Livestock and Animal Specialties), and four digit SIC 0711 (Soil Preparation Services), 0721 (Crop Planting, Cultivating, and Protecting), 0722 (Crop Harvesting, Primarily by Machine), 0761 (Farm Labor Contractors and Crew Leaders), and 0762 Farm Management Services)] involved in the growing or harvesting of crops, the raising of livestock or poultry, or related activities conducted by a farmer on sites such as farms, ranches, orchards, dairy farms or similar farming operations.

A "TEMPORARY LABOR CAMP" means farm housing directly related to the seasonal or temporary employment of farm workers.

"HOUSING" includes both permanent and temporary structures located on or off the property of any employer who meets the above definition.

"LOST WORKDAY INJURY RATE BELOW THE NATIONAL AVERAGE"is an occupational lost workday injury (LWDI) rate which is lower than the national average rate for the private industry sector, as most recently published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, at the most precise (SIC) code for which such data is published, using the 1987 manual.

IX. General Enforcement Guidelines. Before initiating enforcement activities OSHA will decide whether the appropriation rider prohibits OSHA enforcement. Where this determination cannot be made beforehand, the CSHO will determine the status of the small farming operation or a small employer in a low-hazard industry upon arrival at the workplace. If the prohibition applies, the inspector must immediately discontinue the inspection activities and leave the premises as soon as possible. Table No. 1 provides an at-a-glance reference to our activities under the funding measure.

Table 1
Exceptions and Limitations

TLC = Temporary Labor CampEES = EmployeesERS = Employer
OSHA Activity Farm with 10 or fewer EES AND no TLC activity within 12 mo. Farm with more than 10 EES OR a farm with an active TLC within 12 Mo. Non-farm ERS with 10 or fewer EES in a SIC listed in Appendix A
Programmed Safety Inspections Not Permitted Can Inspect Cannot Inspect
Programmed Health Inspections Not Permitted Can Inspect Can Inspect
Employee Complaint Not Permitted Can Inspect Can Inspect (See limits on Citations and Penalties)
FAT/CAT and Accidents Not Permitted Can Inspect Can Inspect
Imminent Danger Not Permitted Can Inspect Can Inspect
11C Not Permitted Can Inspect Can Inspect
Consultation & Technical Assistance Not Permitted Permitted Permitted
Education and Training Not permitted Permitted Permitted
Conduct Surveys & Studies Not Permitted Permitted Permitted




X. Enforcement Guidance for Small Farming Operations. The Appropriations Act exempts small farming operations from enforcement of ALL rules, regulations, standards or orders under the Occupational Safety and Health Act.

A. A farming operation is EXEMPT from ALL OSHA activities if it:

1. Employs 10 or fewer employees currently and at all times during the last 12 months; and

2. Has not had an active temporary labor camp during the proceeding 12 months.

Note: Family members of farm employers are not counted when determining the number of employees.

B. A farming operation with 10 or fewer employees that maintains a temporary labor camp or has maintained a temporary labor camp within the last twelve months IS NOT exempt from inspection. For OSHA, the inspection may include all working conditions covered by OSHA standards except for Field Sanitation, 29 CFR 1928.110, and except as noted, Temporary Labor Camps, 29 CFR 1910.142, which are being enforced by the Wage and Hour Division under Secretary of Labor Order 6-96.

1. OSHA, however, retains inspection responsibility for those camps of employees engaged in eggs or poultry production (SIC 025), red meat (SIC 021) or engaged in the post-harvest processing of agricultural or horticultural commodities. Generally, post-harvest processing can be thought of as the changing the character of the product (canning, making cider or sauces, etc.) or a higher degree of packaging (washing, bundling and bagging carrots) versus field sorting in a shed for size.

C. The Wage and Hour Division, ESA, will also exercise responsibility for enforcement in agriculture of OSHA field sanitation and temporary labor camp standards, except as noted in "b" above, in nine States operating OSHA-approved State plans which have elected to follow the jurisdictional transfer of authority as effected by Secretary's Orders 5-96 and 6-96. These States are: Alaska, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Minnesota, South Carolina, Utah, Virgin Islands, and Wyoming.

In the fourteen (14) other States operating OSHA-approved State plans, enforcement of field sanitation and temporary labor camp standards in agriculture will not transfer to ESA and will continue as a State responsibility. Thus, the appropriation rider prohibitions apply. (These States are: Arizona, California, Hawaii, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oregon, Puerto Rico, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, and Washington.

XI. Enforcement Guidance for Small Employers in low-hazard industries. The Appropriations Act exempts small employers in low-hazard industries from PROGRAMMED SAFETY INSPECTIONS.

A. No programmed safety inspections are permitted of a small employer if:

1. It employs 10 or fewer employees currently and at all times during the last 12 months; and

2. The lost workday case rate for its primary SIC work activity is below the all-industry national average. (See Appendix A for listings.)

B. The Appropriations Act allows several OSHA activities in establishments of small (10 or fewer employees) low-hazard rate employers that are exempt from programmed safety inspections. All OSHA Offices are allowed to:

1. Provide consultation and technical assistance as well as educational and training services. It can also conduct surveys and studies authorized by the OSHA.

2. Investigate or schedule inspections in response to an employee complaint in accordance with current complaint procedures in CPL 2.115. However, the enforcement policy in this directive takes precedence over the complaint policy directive. Under current OSHA complaint procedures, the term "employee" means a current employee, not a former employee. Thus, the only complaint inspections which are permitted, are those from current employees.

a. Citations may be issued for any violation found during a complaint inspection whether or not the violative condition is a subject of the complaint. But:

b. Penalties may only be assessed when such violations are classified as willful violations or failure to abate notifications which are related to the original complaint.

3. Take any action authorized by the Act with respect to alleged imminent danger situations.

4. Take any action authorized by the Act with respect to HEALTH HAZARDS.

a. Health inspections are to be scheduled, observed health hazards cited, and penalties assessed for all classifications of violations in accordance with current procedures.

b. Apparent safety violations noted during a health inspection of an establishment exempted from programmed safety inspections shall not be cited or referred for later inspection unless such violations create an imminent danger.

Note: A Compliance Officer can discuss non-citable violations during the closing conference and provide information relating to consultation services.

5. Take any action authorized by the Act with respect to employment accidents involving a fatality of one or more employees or hospitalization of two or more employees. All apparent violative conditions involving safety or health may be cited and penalties proposed related to the accident.

Note: The reporting requirements of 29 CFR 1904.8 have not changed. Employers are not obligated to report accidents involving overnight hospitalization of fewer than three employees. However, OSHA is allowed to conduct any accident investigation of a small, non-farming, employer once we become aware that an accident has occurred. Where OSHA learns of such accidents, we can inspect or investigate.

6. Take any action authorized by the Act with respect to alleged discrimination against employees.

XII. Late Discovery of Exemption. If it becomes clear after an inspection that the employer was exempt from inspection at the time of the inspection, the Area Director shall ensure that no citations are issued or penalties proposed contrary to the provisions of this instruction.

A. If already issued, but not yet contested, any such citation or proposed penalty shall be withdrawn.

B. If the employer has already filed a notice of intent to contest, the Area Director shall inform the Regional Solicitor who shall take appropriate action to ensure that the case is not pursued before the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission.

C. If such citations and penalties have become a final order, the Area Director shall ensure that no penalties are collected.

XIII. IMIS. If an inspection is not conducted because of an Appropriations Act rider exemption, the CSHO shall complete an OSHA-1 Form according to current IMIS instructions.



Appendix A


SIC CODES FOR INDUSTRIES WITH A LOST
WORKDAY INJURY RATE BELOW THE NATIONAL
PRIVATE SECTOR RATE OF 3.4 FOR 1995


FISHING
MINING
CONSTRUCTION
SERVICES


MANUFACTURING

TRANSPORTATION
PUBLIC UTILITIES


TRADE
FINANCE
REAL ESTATE
INSURANCE
0110*210026723546401050206000-8900
074022102675356341405040EXCEPT
0760222027003570448050606510
13102251EXCEPT3613452050706550
1320225327323625460050807010
1530225927453629472051107020

226227593635474051207030

228227893641480051307040

228428003652EXCEPT51507210

2310EXCEPT3660484051607340

232128163670491051707540

23232851EXCEPT492052307630

232928753671493052507690

233028993691

52607940

234029103695

52707990

235031403699

53908030

236131603721

54008050

237031703724

EXCEPT8060

238031903760

54108080

EXCEPT32753795

55008330

238432953800

EXCEPT8360

239133313910

55308420

239534633930

5600

239734823942

5720

243634833951

5730

259134893953

5800

261035333955

5900

262035443960

EXCEPT

263035453996

5960

2655

5980

* Agriculture (SICs 01 and 02) All employers with 10 or FEWER employees are exempt from OSHA.

NOTE: SICs with zero in the third or fourth digit include all three and four digit SICs with the same leading two or three digits.



INDEX


Accident 1, 2, 3,

Agriculture 1, 2, 3

Bureau of Labor Statistics 1

Citation 1

Classification 1

Closing Conference 1

Consultation 1, 2

Employee 1, 2, 3, 4

Employer 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Enforcement 1

ESA 1, 2, 3

Failure to Abate 1

Farming operation 1, 2, 3, 4

Health hazards 1

Imminent Danger 1, 2

LWDI 1

Penalties 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Penalty 1

Review Commission 1

State Plan 1

State Programs 1

Temporary Labor Camp 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Violation 1
Archive Notice - OSHA Archive

NOTICE: This is an OSHA Archive Document, and may no longer represent OSHA Policy. It is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only.

Archive Notice - OSHA Archive

NOTICE: This is an OSHA Archive Document, and may no longer represent OSHA Policy. It is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only.