• Record Type:
    OSHA Instruction
  • Current Directive Number:
    CPL 02-00-051
  • Old Directive Number:
    CPL 2-0.51J
  • Title:
    Enforcement Exemptions and Limitations under the Appropriations Act.
  • Information Date:
  • Standard Number:

April 25, 2018

Acting Assistant Secretary
Appropriations Act: Replacement of Appendix A for CPL 02-00-051, Enforcement Exemptions and Limitations under the Appropriations Act

Attached is the most recent listing of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes for industries with a Days Away, Restricted, or Transferred (DART) occupational injury and illness rate below the national private sector rate of 1.6 for 2016. This new Appendix A to CPL 02-00-051, Enforcement Exemptions and Limitations under the Appropriations Act, contains the latest BLS occupational injury and illness rate data at the most precise industrial classification code. It will be added to the electronic version of CPL 02-00-051 on the OSHA Website. Appendix A will be effective on the date of this memorandum for any inspection opened on this date or thereafter, until the next revision.

Please note that if the CSHO discovers that the employer has 10 or fewer employees currently and at all times during the previous 12 months and the DART rate for the employer's primary NAICS is below the all-industry national average, the CSHO will not conduct an inspection. The NAICS coding system is very detailed and the CSHO should pay particular attention to the code being selected to ensure a correct decision is made.

For construction inspections, upon arrival at a worksite to conduct a programmed safety inspection, the compliance officer should ascertain as soon as practicable whether the appropriations rider exempts a particular contractor. Exempt contractors shall not be inspected. However, the inspection of other, non-exempt contractors on the worksite will proceed.

If you have any questions regarding the above, please contact the Office of General Industry and Agricultural Enforcement (202) 693-1850. In addition, for questions concerning the construction industry, please contact the Directorate of Construction at (202) 693-2020.



SUBJECT: Enforcement Exemptions and Limitations under the Appropriations Act.


Explains the limits on inspection activities under the Appropriations Act.
CPL 2.103 -Field Inspection Reference Manual,
CPL 2.115 -Compliant Policy and Procedures,
STP 2.22A -State Plan Policies and Procedures Manual.
CPL 2-0.51I, Dated October 15, 1997.
State Impact:
See Paragraph VI.
Action Offices:
National, Regional, and Area Offices.
Originating Office:
Directorate of Compliance Programs.
Don Kallstrom (202) 219-8031
Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance; FPB-N3107
200 Constitution Ave, NW
Washington, DC 20210
Special Notice:
Appendix A contains time sensitive information. OSHA will automatically update the information in Appendix A after it is received from the Bureau of labor Statistics.


By and Under the Authority of
Charles N. Jeffress
Assistant Secretary

Change effective 01-15-99 - Appendix A
Change effective 02-07-00 - Appendix A
Change effective 02-09-01 - Appendix A
Change effective 01-02-02 - Appendix A
Change effective 01-07-03 - Appendix A
Change effective 02-23-05 - Appendix A
Change effective 12-05-05 - Appendix A
Change effective 11-20-06 - Appendix A
Change effective 12-10-07 - Appendix A
Change effective 12-03-08 - Appendix A
Change effective 12-18-09 - Appendix A
Change effective 01-03-11 - Appendix A
Change effective 12-23-11 - Appendix A
Change effective 2-22-13 - Appendix A
Change effective 05-27-14 - Appendix A
Change effective 01/30/2015 - Appendix A
Change effective 01/29/2016 - Appendix A
Change effective 01/10/2017 - Appendix A
Change effective 04/25/2018 - Appendix A



  1. Purpose
  2. Scope
  3. References
  4. Cancellation
  5. Action
  6. Federal Program Change
  7. Background
  8. Key Terms
  9. General Enforcement Guidlines

    Table 1 (Exceptions and Limitations)
  10. Enforcement Guidance for Small Farming Operations
  11. Enforcement Guidance for Small Employers in low-hazard industries
  12. Late Discovery of Exemption
  13. IMIS Coding



Appendix A




  1. Purpose.

    This instruction explains the limits (exemptions and limitations) for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) enforcement activity under the Appropriations Act. This funding measure's riders and this instruction focus on limiting the inspection of those employers who employ ten or fewer employees.
  2. Scope.

    This instruction applies OSHA-wide and where applicable, to those Employment Standards Administration (ESA) offices enforcing OSHA's Field Sanitation and Temporary Labor Camp standards in agricultural settings. The restrictions to OSHA's enforcement activity apply to places of employment (farms and establishments who's Standard Industrial Classification code is listed in Appendix A) who employ 10 of fewer employees.
  3. References.

    1. OSHA Instruction STP 2.22A, May 14, 1986, the State Plan Policies and Procedures Manual
    2. OSHA Instruction CPL 2.103, September 26, 1994, the Field Inspection Reference Manual (FIRM)
    3. Secretary's Orders 5-96 and 6-96, December 27, 1996, Delegation of Authority and Assignment of Responsibility to the Assistant Secretary for Employment Standards and Other Officials in the Employment Standards Administration and the Assistant Secretary for Occupational Safety and Health.
    4. OSHA Instruction CPL 2.115, June 14, 1996, Complaint Policies and Procedures
  4. Cancellation.

    OSHA Instruction CPL 2.51I, October 15, 1997, is canceled.
  5. Action.

    OSHA Regional Administrators and Area Directors are to ensure that they schedule and conduct enforcement activities following the guidelines set forth in this instruction. They shall insure distribution of these guidelines to Employment Standards Administration, Wage and Hour Division District offices who are responsible for enforcing the OSHA field sanitation and temporary labor camp standards pursuant to Secretary's Orders 5-96 and 6-96. These guidelines are in effect until superseded or amended.


    The Directorate of Administrative Programs will ensure that the updated Appendix A appears on the OSHA Internet site as soon as possible after receiving it from the Directorate of Compliance Programs. The version of Appendix A which appears on OSHA's Internet Web Page is the one currently being applied. The date Appendix A is updated will be noted on the Abstract.
  6. Federal Program Change.

    This instruction describes a Federal program change which affects State programs. Under OSHA's Appropriations Act, States cannot be reimbursed for any share of funds expended for activities prohibited by these exemptions and limitations and must be able to demonstrate that no Federal funds have been used for prohibited activities. The States shall respond via the two-way memorandum to the Regional Office as soon as the State's intention regarding the enforcement activity limitations and exemptions is known, but no later than 60 calendar days after the date of transmittal from the Directorate of Federal-State Operations. If a State plans to fund the prohibited activities, it shall provide a brief description of its alternative funding approach in the Comment Section of the two-way memorandum and maintain appropriate accounting procedures for assuring that no 23(c) funds are expended for these activities.
  7. Background.

    In providing funding for OSHA, Congress has placed restrictions on enforcement activities regarding two categories of employers: small farming operations and small employers in low-hazard industries. The Appropriations Act contains limits for OSH Act activities on a year-by-year basis.
  8. Key Terms.

    Definitions pertinent to this Directive are the following: A "farming operation" means any operation involved in the growing or harvesting of crops, the raising of livestock or poultry, or related activities conducted by a farmer on sites such as farms, ranches, orchards, dairy farms or similar farming operations. These are employers engaged in businesses that have a two digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) of 01 (Agricultural Production - Crops), 02 (Agricultural Production - Livestock and Animal Specialties), and four digit SIC 0711 (Soil Preparation Services), 0721 (Crop Planting, Cultivating, and Protecting), 0722 (Crop Harvesting, Primarily by Machine), 0761 (Farm Labor Contractors and Crew Leaders), and 0762 Farm Management Services).


    A "temporary labor camp" means farm housing directly related to the seasonal or temporary employment of farm workers.


    "Housing" includes both permanent and temporary structures located on or off the property of any employer who meets the above definition.


    "Lost Workday Injury Rate Below the National Average" is an occupational lost workday injury (LWDI) rate which is lower than the national average rate for the private industry sector, as most recently published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, at the most precise (SIC) code for which such data is published, using the 1987 manual.
  9. General Enforcement Guidelines.

    Before initiating enforcement activities OSHA will decide whether the appropriation rider prohibits OSHA enforcement. Where this determination cannot be made beforehand, the CSHO will determine the status of the small farming operation or a small employer in a low-hazard industry upon arrival at the workplace. If the prohibition applies, the inspector must immediately discontinue the inspection activities and leave the premises as soon as possible. Table No. 1 provides an at-a-glance reference to our activities under the funding measure.


    Table 1

    (Exeptions and limitations)

    TLC= Temporary Labor Camp    EES= Employees    ERS= Employer

    OSHA Activity Farm with 10 or fewer EES and no TLC activity within 12 mo. Farm with more than 10 EES or a farm with an active TLC within 12 Mo. Non-farm ERS with 10 or fewer EES in a SIC listed in Appendix A
    Programmed Safety Inspections Not Permitted Can Inspect Cannot Inspect
    Programmed Health Inspections Not Permitted Can Inspect Can Inspect
    Employee Complaint Not Permitted Can Inspect Can Inspect (See limits on Citations and Penalties)
    FAT/CAT and Accidents Not Permitted Can Inspect Can Inspect
    Imminent Danger Not Permitted Can Inspect Can Inspect
    11C Not Permitted Can Inspect Can Inspect
    Consultation & Technical Assistance Not Permitted Permitted Permitted
    Education and Training Not permitted Permitted Permitted
    Conduct Surveys & Studies Not Permitted Permitted Permitted
  10. Enforcement Guidance for Small Farming Operations. The Appropriations Act exempts small farming operations from enforcement of all rules, regulations, standards or orders under the Occupational Safety and Health Act.


    1. A farming operation is exempt from all OSHA activities if it:
      1. Employs 10 or fewer employees currently and at all times during the last 12 months; and
      2. Has not had an active temporary labor camp during the proceeding 12 months.
      Note: Family members of farm employers are not counted when determining the number of employees.
    2. A farming operation with 10 or fewer employees that maintains a temporary labor camp or has maintained a temporary labor camp within the last twelve months is not exempt from inspection. For OSHA, the inspection may include all working conditions covered by OSHA standards except for Field Sanitation, 29 CFR 1928.110, and except as noted, Temporary Labor Camps, 29 CFR 1910.142, which are being enforced by the Wage and Hour Division under Secretary of Labor Order 6-96.
      1. OSHA, however, retains inspection responsibility for those camps of employees engaged in eggs or poultry production (SIC 025) or red meat production (SIC 021) or engaged in the post-harvest processing of agricultural or horticultural commodities. Generally, post-harvest processing can be thought of as changing the character of the product (canning, making cider or sauces, etc.) or a higher degree of packaging (washing, bundling and bagging carrots) versus field sorting in a shed for size.
    3. The Wage and Hour Division, ESA, will also exercise responsibility for enforcement in agriculture of OSHA field sanitation and temporary labor camp standards, except as noted in "b" above, in nine States operating OSHA-approved State plans which have elected to follow the jurisdictional transfer of authority as effected by Secretary's Orders 5-96 and 6-96. These States are: Alaska, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Minnesota, South Carolina, Utah, Virgin Islands, and Wyoming.


      In the fourteen (14) other States operating OSHA-approved State plans, enforcement of field sanitation and temporary labor camp standards in agriculture will not transfer to ESA and will continue as a State responsibility. These States are: Arizona, California, Hawaii, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oregon, Puerto Rico, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, and Washington.
  11. Enforcement Guidance for Small Employers in low-hazard industries.

    The Appropriations Act exempts small employers in low-hazard industries from programmed safety inspections.


    1. No programmed safety inspections are permitted of a small employer if:


      1. It employs 10 or fewer employees currently and at all times during the last 12 months; and
      2. The lost workday case rate for its primary SIC work activity is below the all-industry national average. (See Appendix A for listings.)
    2. The Appropriations Act allows several OSHA activities in establishments of small (10 or fewer employees) low-hazard rate employers that are exempt from programmed safety inspections. All OSHA Offices are allowed to:
      1. Provide consultation and technical assistance as well as educational and training services. It can also conduct surveys and studies authorized by the OSHA.
      2. Investigate or schedule inspections in response to an employee complaint in accordance with current complaint procedures in CPL 2.115. The only complaint inspections which are permitted under the rider are those from current employees.


        1. Citations may be issued for any violation found during a complaint inspection whether or not the violative condition is a subject of the complaint. But:
        2. Penalties may only be assessed when the violations are classified as willful violations or failure to abate notifications and when such violations and failure to abate notifications are related to the original complaint.
      3. Take any action authorized by the Act with respect to alleged imminent danger situations.
      4. Take any action authorized by the Act with respect to health hazards.


        1. Health inspections are to be scheduled, observed health hazards cited, and penalties assessed for all classifications of violations in accordance with current procedures.
        2. Apparent safety violations noted during a health inspection of an establishment exempted from programmed safety inspections shall not be cited or referred for later inspection unless such violations create an imminent danger.
        3. If this inspection is a health-related complaint, the procedures in paragraph XI. B. 4. take precedence over the procedures in paragraph XI. B. 2.
        Note: A Compliance Officer can discuss non-citable violations during the closing conference and provide information relating to consultation services.
      5. Take any action authorized by the Act with respect to employment accidents involving a fatality of one or more employees or hospitalization of two or more employees. All apparent violative conditions involving safety or health may be cited and penalties proposed related to the accident.


        Note: The reporting requirements of 29 CFR 1904.39 changed effective January 1, 2015. Employers are obligated to report to OSHA incidents involving a fatality, the in-patient hospitalization of one or more employees, an amputation, or the loss of an eye. OSHA is allowed to inspect or investigate an incident involving a fatality of one or more employees or the hospitalization of two or more employees of a small, non-farming employer once we become aware of the incident. Employer reports of a hospitalization, amputation, or loss of an eye involving one employee are considered Employer Reported Referrals and may not be inspected if the employer is a small, non-farm employer classified in an industry listed in Appendix A.
      6. Take any action authorized by the Act with respect to alleged discrimination against employees.
  12. Late Discovery of Exemption.

    If it becomes clear after an inspection that the employer was exempt from inspection at the time of the inspection, the Area Director shall ensure that no citations are issued or penalties proposed contrary to the provisions of this instruction.
    1. If already issued, but not yet contested, any such citation or proposed penalty shall be withdrawn.
    2. If the employer has already filed a notice of intent to contest, the Area Director shall inform the Regional Solicitor who shall take appropriate action to ensure that the case is not pursued before the Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission.
    3. If such citations and penalties have become a final order, the Area Director shall ensure that no penalties are collected.
  13. IMIS.

    If an inspection is not conducted because of an Appropriations Act rider exemption, the CSHO shall complete an OSHA-1 Form according to current IMIS instructions. Also where the scope of an inspection has been limited, due to restrictions imposed by a rider to the Appropriations Act, it can be so noted in block 42 - Optional Information.

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Change effective 04/25/2018


North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) Codes for Industries with a Days Away, Restricted or Transferred (DART) Rate Less Than the National Average Rate of 1.6 for 2016.

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistic (BLS) data released November 9, 2017

2012 NAICS Code

2012 NAICS Title

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting

111110 Soybean Farming
111120 Oilseed (except Soybean) Farming
111130 Dry Pea and Bean Farming
111140 Wheat Farming
111150 Corn Farming
111160 Rice Farming
111191 Oilseed and Grain Combination Farming
111199 All Other Grain Farming
115112 Soil Preparation, Planting, and Cultivating
115310 Support Activities for Forestry


211111 Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas Extraction
213111 Drilling Oil and Gas Wells
213112 Support Activities for Oil and Gas Operations


221112 Fossil Fuel Electric Power Generation
221113 Nuclear Electric Power Generation
221114 Solar Electric Power Generation
221115 Wind Electric Power Generation
221116 Geothermal Electric Power Generation
221118 Other Electric Power Generation
221121 Electric Bulk Power Transmission and Control
221122 Electric Power Distribution


236210 Industrial Building Construction
236220 Commercial and Institutional Building Construction
237120 Oil and Gas Pipeline and Related Structures Construction
237210 Land Subdivision
237990 Other Heavy and Civil Engineering Construction
238210 Electrical Contractors and Other Wiring Installation Contractors
238330 Flooring Contractors


311221 Wet Corn Milling
311225 Fats and Oils Refining and Blending
311230 Breakfast Cereal Manufacturing
311811 Retail Bakeries
311930 Flavoring Syrup and Concentrate Manufacturing
312140 Distilleries
313110 Fiber, Yarn, and Thread Mills
313240 Knit Fabric Mills
314110 Carpet and Rug Mills
314120 Curtain and Linen Mills
315190 Other Apparel Knitting Mills
315220 Men's and Boys' Cut and Sew Apparel Manufacturing
315240 Women's, Girls', and Infants' Cut and Sew Apparel Manufacturing
315990 Apparel Accessories and Other Apparel Manufacturing
322110 Pulp Mills
322121 Paper (except Newsprint) Mills
322122 Newsprint Mills
322130 Paperboard Mills
322211 Corrugated and Solid Fiber Box Manufacturing
322291 Sanitary Paper Product Manufacturing
323111 Commercial Printing (except Screen and Books)
323113 Commercial Screen Printing
324110 Petroleum Refineries
324121 Asphalt Paving Mixture and Block Manufacturing
325110 Petrochemical Manufacturing
325120 Industrial Gas Manufacturing
325130 Synthetic Dye and Pigment Manufacturing
325180 Other Basic Inorganic Chemical Manufacturing
325194 Cyclic Crude, Intermediate, and Gum and Wood Chemical Manufacturing
325199 All Other Basic Organic Chemical Manufacturing
325211 Plastics Material and Resin Manufacturing
325212 Synthetic Rubber Manufacturing
325220 Artificial and Synthetic Fibers and Filaments Manufacturing
325311 Nitrogenous Fertilizer Manufacturing
325312 Phosphatic Fertilizer Manufacturing
325314 Fertilizer (Mixing Only) Manufacturing
325320 Pesticide and Other Agricultural Chemical Manufacturing
325412 Pharmaceutical Preparation Manufacturing
325413 In-Vitro Diagnostic Substance Manufacturing
325414 Biological Product (except Diagnostic) Manufacturing
325611 Soap and Other Detergent Manufacturing
325612 Polish and Other Sanitation Good Manufacturing
325613 Surface Active Agent Manufacturing
325910 Printing Ink Manufacturing
325920 Explosives Manufacturing
325992 Photographic Film, Paper, Plate, and Chemical Manufacturing
325998 All Other Miscellaneous Chemical Product and Preparation Manufacturing
326160 Plastics Bottle Manufacturing
327310 Cement Manufacturing
327420 Gypsum Product Manufacturing
331110 Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing
331315 Aluminum Sheet, Plate, and Foil Manufacturing
332710 Machine Shops
332811 Metal Heat Treating
332911 Industrial Valve Manufacturing
332912 Fluid Power Valve and Hose Fitting Manufacturing
332993 Ammunition (except Small Arms) Manufacturing
332996 Fabricated Pipe and Pipe Fitting Manufacturing
333131 Mining Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing
333132 Oil and Gas Field Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing
333242 Semiconductor Machinery Manufacturing
333243 Sawmill, Woodworking, and Paper Machinery Manufacturing
333244 Printing Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing
333249 Other Industrial Machinery Manufacturing
333314 Optical Instrument and Lens Manufacturing
333316 Photographic and Photocopying Equipment Manufacturing
333318 Other Commercial and Service Industry Machinery Manufacturing
333511 Industrial Mold Manufacturing
333515 Cutting Tool and Machine Tool Accessory Manufacturing
333519 Rolling Mill and Other Metalworking Machinery Manufacturing
333618 Other Engine Equipment Manufacturing
333911 Pump and Pumping Equipment Manufacturing
333912 Air and Gas Compressor Manufacturing
333913 Measuring and Dispensing Pump Manufacturing
333991 Power-Driven Handtool Manufacturing
333992 Welding and Soldering Equipment Manufacturing
333994 Industrial Process Furnace and Oven Manufacturing
333996 Fluid Power Pump and Motor Manufacturing
334111 Electronic Computer Manufacturing
334112 Computer Storage Device Manufacturing
334118 Computer Terminal and Other Computer Peripheral Equipment Manufacturing
334210 Telephone Apparatus Manufacturing
334220 Radio and Television Broadcasting and Wireless Communications Equipment Manufacturing
334290 Other Communications Equipment Manufacturing
334310 Audio and Video Equipment Manufacturing
334412 Bare Printed Circuit Board Manufacturing
334413 Semiconductor and Related Device Manufacturing
334417 Electronic Connector Manufacturing
334418 Printed Circuit Assembly (Electronic Assembly) Manufacturing
334510 Electromedical and Electrotherapeutic Apparatus Manufacturing
334511 Search, Detection, Navigation, Guidance, Aeronautical, and Nautical System and Instrument Manufacturing
334513 Instruments and Related Products Manufacturing for Measuring, Displaying, and Controlling Industrial Process Variables
334514 Totalizing Fluid Meter and Counting Device Manufacturing
334515 Instrument Manufacturing for Measuring and Testing Electricity and Electrical Signals
334516 Analytical Laboratory Instrument Manufacturing
334517 Irradiation Apparatus Manufacturing
334519 Other Measuring and Controlling Device Manufacturing
334613 Blank Magnetic and Optical Recording Media Manufacturing
334614 Software and Other Prerecorded Compact Disc, Tape, and Record Reproducing
335121 Residential Electric Lighting Fixture Manufacturing
335122 Commercial, Industrial, and Institutional Electric Lighting Fixture Manufacturing
335129 Other Lighting Equipment Manufacturing
335210 Small Electrical Appliance Manufacturing
335314 Relay and Industrial Control Manufacturing
335921 Fiber Optic Cable Manufacturing
335929 Other Communication and Energy Wire Manufacturing
335931 Current-Carrying Wiring Device Manufacturing
336412 Aircraft Engine and Engine Parts Manufacturing
336413 Other Aircraft Parts and Auxiliary Equipment Manufacturing
336414 Guided Missile and Space Vehicle Manufacturing
336415 Guided Missile and Space Vehicle Propulsion Unit and Propulsion Unit Parts Manufacturing
336419 Other Guided Missile and Space Vehicle Parts and Auxiliary Equipment Manufacturing
336991 Motorcycle, Bicycle, and Parts Manufacturing
336992 Military Armored Vehicle, Tank, and Tank Component Manufacturing
336999 All Other Transportation Equipment Manufacturing
339112 Surgical and Medical Instrument Manufacturing
339113 Surgical Appliance and Supplies Manufacturing
339114 Dental Equipment and Supplies Manufacturing
339116 Dental Laboratories
339910 Jewelry and Silverware Manufacturing
339930 Doll, Toy, and Game Manufacturing
339991 Gasket, Packing, and Sealing Device Manufacturing

Wholesale Trade

423410 Photographic Equipment and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers
423420 Office Equipment Merchant Wholesalers
423430 Computer and Computer Peripheral Equipment and Software Merchant Wholesalers
423440 Other Commercial Equipment Merchant Wholesalers
423450 Medical, Dental, and Hospital Equipment and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers
423460 Ophthalmic Goods Merchant Wholesalers
423490 Other Professional Equipment and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers
423610 Electrical Apparatus and Equipment, Wiring Supplies, and Related Equipment Merchant Wholesalers
423620 Household Appliances, Electric Housewares, and Consumer Electronics Merchant Wholesalers
423690 Other Electronic Parts and Equipment Merchant Wholesalers
423810 Construction and Mining (except Oil Well) Machinery and Equipment Merchant Wholesalers
423820 Farm and Garden Machinery and Equipment Merchant Wholesalers
423830 Industrial Machinery and Equipment Merchant Wholesalers
423840 Industrial Supplies Merchant Wholesalers
423850 Service Establishment Equipment and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers
423860 Transportation Equipment and Supplies (except Motor Vehicle) Merchant Wholesalers
423910 Sporting and Recreational Goods and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers
423920 Toy and Hobby Goods and Supplies Merchant Wholesalers
423940 Jewelry, Watch, Precious Stone, and Precious Metal Merchant Wholesalers
423990 Other Miscellaneous Durable Goods Merchant Wholesalers
424110 Printing and Writing Paper Merchant Wholesalers
424120 Stationery and Office Supplies Merchant Wholesalers
424130 Industrial and Personal Service Paper Merchant Wholesalers
424210 Drugs and Druggists' Sundries Merchant Wholesalers
424310 Piece Goods, Notions, and Other Dry Goods Merchant Wholesalers
424320 Men's and Boys' Clothing and Furnishings Merchant Wholesalers
424330 Women's, Children's, and Infants' Clothing and Accessories Merchant Wholesalers
424340 Footwear Merchant Wholesalers
424710 Petroleum Bulk Stations and Terminals
424720 Petroleum and Petroleum Products Merchant Wholesalers (except Bulk Stations and Terminals)

Retail Trade

441110 New Car Dealers
441120 Used Car Dealers
442210 Floor Covering Stores
443141 Household Appliance Stores
443142 Electronics Stores
444210 Outdoor Power Equipment Stores
445120 Convenience Stores
445220 Fish and Seafood Markets
445230 Fruit and Vegetable Markets
445291 Baked Goods Stores
445292 Confectionery and Nut Stores
445299 All Other Specialty Food Stores
445310 Beer, Wine, and Liquor Stores
446110 Pharmacies and Drug Stores
446120 Cosmetics, Beauty Supplies, and Perfume Stores
446130 Optical Goods Stores
446191 Food (Health) Supplement Stores
446199 All Other Health and Personal Care Stores
447110 Gasoline Stations with Convenience Stores
447190 Other Gasoline Stations
448110 Men's Clothing Stores
448120 Women's Clothing Stores
448130 Children's and Infants' Clothing Stores
448140 Family Clothing Stores
448150 Clothing Accessories Stores
448190 Other Clothing Stores
448210 Shoe Stores
448310 Jewelry Stores
448320 Luggage and Leather Goods Stores
451110 Sporting Goods Stores
451120 Hobby, Toy, and Game Stores
451130 Sewing, Needlework, and Piece Goods Stores
451140 Musical Instrument and Supplies Stores
451211 Book Stores
451212 News Dealers and Newsstands
453110 Florists
453210 Office Supplies and Stationery Stores
453220 Gift, Novelty, and Souvenir Stores
453920 Art Dealers
453930 Manufactured (Mobile) Home Dealers
453991 Tobacco Stores
453998 All Other Miscellaneous Store Retailers (except Tobacco Stores)
454111 Electronic Shopping
454112 Electronic Auctions
454113 Mail-Order Houses
454210 Vending Machine Operators

Transportation and Warehousing

481112 Scheduled Freight Air Transportation
481211 Nonscheduled Chartered Passenger Air Transportation
481212 Nonscheduled Chartered Freight Air Transportation
481219 Other Nonscheduled Air Transportation
483111 Deep Sea Freight Transportation
483112 Deep Sea Passenger Transportation
483211 Inland Water Freight Transportation
486210 Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas
486910 Pipeline Transportation of Refined Petroleum Products
486990 All Other Pipeline Transportation
487210 Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation, Water
487990 Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation, Other
488510 Freight Transportation Arrangement
493130 Farm Product Warehousing and Storage


511110 Newspaper Publishers
511120 Periodical Publishers
511130 Book Publishers
511140 Directory and Mailing List Publishers
511191 Greeting Card Publishers
511199 All Other Publishers
511210 Software Publishers
512110 Motion Picture and Video Production
512120 Motion Picture and Video Distribution
512131 Motion Picture Theaters (except Drive-Ins)
512132 Drive-In Motion Picture Theaters
512191 Teleproduction and Other Postproduction Services
512199 Other Motion Picture and Video Industries
515111 Radio Networks
515112 Radio Stations
515120 Television Broadcasting
517210 Wireless Telecommunications Carriers (except Satellite)
517911 Telecommunications Resellers
517919 All Other Telecommunications
519110 News Syndicates
519120 Libraries and Archives
519190 All Other Information Services

Finance and Insurance

522110 Commercial Banking
522120 Savings Institutions
522130 Credit Unions
522190 Other Depository Credit Intermediation
522210 Credit Card Issuing
522220 Sales Financing
522291 Consumer Lending
522292 Real Estate Credit
522293 International Trade Financing
522294 Secondary Market Financing
522298 All Other Nondepository Credit Intermediation
522310 Mortgage and Nonmortgage Loan Brokers
522320 Financial Transactions Processing, Reserve, and Clearinghouse Activities
522390 Other Activities Related to Credit Intermediation
523910 Miscellaneous Intermediation
523920 Portfolio Management
523991 Trust, Fiduciary, and Custody Activities
523999 Miscellaneous Financial Investment Activities
524113 Direct Life Insurance Carriers
524114 Direct Health and Medical Insurance Carriers
524126 Direct Property and Casualty Insurance Carriers
524127 Direct Title Insurance Carriers
524128 Other Direct Insurance (except Life, Health, and Medical) Carriers
524130 Reinsurance Carriers
524210 Insurance Agencies and Brokerages
524291 Claims Adjusting
524292 Third Party Administration of Insurance and Pension Funds
524298 All Other Insurance Related Activities

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

531120 Lessors of Nonresidential Buildings (except Miniwarehouses)
531210 Offices of Real Estate Agents and Brokers
531311 Residential Property Managers
531312 Nonresidential Property Managers
531320 Offices of Real Estate Appraisers
531390 Other Activities Related to Real Estate
532210 Consumer Electronics and Appliances Rental
532220 Formal Wear and Costume Rental
532411 Commercial Air, Rail, and Water Transportation Equipment Rental and Leasing
532412 Construction, Mining, and Forestry Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing
532420 Office Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing
532490 Other Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing

Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

541110 Offices of Lawyers
541120 Offices of Notaries
541191 Title Abstract and Settlement Offices
541199 All Other Legal Services
541213 Tax Preparation Services
541214 Payroll Services
541219 Other Accounting Services
541310 Architectural Services
541320 Landscape Architectural Services
541330 Engineering Services
541340 Drafting Services
541350 Building Inspection Services
541360 Geophysical Surveying and Mapping Services
541370 Surveying and Mapping (except Geophysical) Services
541380 Testing Laboratories
541410 Interior Design Services
541420 Industrial Design Services
541430 Graphic Design Services
541490 Other Specialized Design Services
541511 Custom Computer Programming Services
541512 Computer Systems Design Services
541513 Computer Facilities Management Services
541519 Other Computer Related Services
541620 Environmental Consulting Services
541690 Other Scientific and Technical Consulting Services
541711 Research and Development in Biotechnology
541712 Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences (except Biotechnology)
541720 Research and Development in the Social Sciences and Humanities
541810 Advertising Agencies
541820 Public Relations Agencies
541830 Media Buying Agencies
541840 Media Representatives
541850 Outdoor Advertising
541860 Direct Mail Advertising
541870 Advertising Material Distribution Services
541890 Other Services Related to Advertising
541921 Photography Studios, Portrait
541922 Commercial Photography
541930 Translation and Interpretation Services
541990 All Other Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

Management of Companies and Enterprises

551111 Offices of Bank Holding Companies
551112 Offices of Other Holding Companies
551114 Corporate, Subsidiary, and Regional Managing Offices

Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services

561110 Office Administrative Services
561311 Employment Placement Agencies
561312 Executive Search Services
561320 Temporary Help Services
561330 Professional Employer Organizations
561410 Document Preparation Services
561421 Telephone Answering Services
561422 Telemarketing Bureaus and Other Contact Centers
561431 Private Mail Centers
561439 Other Business Service Centers (including Copy Shops)
561440 Collection Agencies
561450 Credit Bureaus
561491 Repossession Services
561492 Court Reporting and Stenotype Services
561499 All Other Business Support Services
561510 Travel Agencies
561520 Tour Operators
561591 Convention and Visitors Bureaus
561599 All Other Travel Arrangement and Reservation Services
561611 Investigation Services
561612 Security Guards and Patrol Services
561621 Security Systems Services (except Locksmiths)
561622 Locksmiths
561740 Carpet and Upholstery Cleaning Services
561910 Packaging and Labeling Services
561920 Convention and Trade Show Organizers
561990 All Other Support Services
562211 Hazardous Waste Treatment and Disposal
562213 Solid Waste Combustors and Incinerators

Educational Services

611110 Elementary and Secondary Schools
611310 Colleges, Universities, and Professional Schools
611420 Computer Training
611430 Professional and Management Development Training
611511 Cosmetology and Barber Schools
611512 Flight Training
611513 Apprenticeship Training
611519 Other Technical and Trade Schools
611610 Fine Arts Schools
611691 Exam Preparation and Tutoring
611692 Automobile Driving Schools
611699 All Other Miscellaneous Schools and Instruction
611710 Educational Support Services

Health Care and Social Assistance

621111 Offices of Physicians (except Mental Health Specialists)
621112 Offices of Physicians, Mental Health Specialists
621210 Offices of Dentists
621310 Offices of Chiropractors
621320 Offices of Optometrists
621330 Offices of Mental Health Practitioners (except Physicians)
621340 Offices of Physical, Occupational and Speech Therapists, and Audiologists
621391 Offices of Podiatrists
621399 Offices of All Other Miscellaneous Health Practitioners
621410 Family Planning Centers
621420 Outpatient Mental Health and Substance Abuse Centers
621491 HMO Medical Centers
621492 Kidney Dialysis Centers
621493 Freestanding Ambulatory Surgical and Emergency Centers
621498 All Other Outpatient Care Centers
621511 Medical Laboratories
621512 Diagnostic Imaging Centers
624110 Child and Youth Services
624221 Temporary Shelters
624229 Other Community Housing Services
624410 Child Day Care Services

Arts, Entertainment and Recreation

711219 Other Spectator Sports
711310 Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events with Facilities
711320 Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events without Facilities
711510 Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers
713940 Fitness and Recreational Sports Centers
713950 Bowling Centers
713990 All Other Amusement and Recreation Industries

Accommodation and Food Services

721191 Bed-and-Breakfast Inns
721199 All Other Traveler Accommodation
722410 Drinking Places (Alcoholic Beverages)
722511 Full-Service Restaurants
722513 Limited-Service Restaurants
722514 Cafeterias, Grill Buffets, and Buffets
722515 Snack and Nonalcoholic Beverage Bars

Other Services

811111 General Automotive Repair
811112 Automotive Exhaust System Repair
811113 Automotive Transmission Repair
811118 Other Automotive Mechanical and Electrical Repair and Maintenance
811121 Automotive Body, Paint, and Interior Repair and Maintenance
811122 Automotive Glass Replacement Shops
811191 Automotive Oil Change and Lubrication Shops
811192 Car Washes
811198 All Other Automotive Repair and Maintenance
811211 Consumer Electronics Repair and Maintenance
811212 Computer and Office Machine Repair and Maintenance
811213 Communication Equipment Repair and Maintenance
811219 Other Electronic and Precision Equipment Repair and Maintenance
811411 Home and Garden Equipment Repair and Maintenance
811412 Appliance Repair and Maintenance
811420 Reupholstery and Furniture Repair
811430 Footwear and Leather Goods Repair
811490 Other Personal and Household Goods Repair and Maintenance
812210 Funeral Homes and Funeral Services
812220 Cemeteries and Crematories
812320 Drycleaning and Laundry Services (except Coin-Operated)
812921 Photofinishing Laboratories (except One-Hour)
812922 One-Hour Photofinishing
812930 Parking Lots and Garages





Bureau of Labor Statistics



Closing Conference







Employment Standards Administration



Failure to Abate

Farming operation

Field Inspection Reference Manual

Health hazards

Imminent Danger

Labor Camp




Review Commission

Small Farming Operations

State Plan

Temporary Labor Camp