• Record Type:
    OSHA Instruction
  • Current Directive Number:
    CPL 02-00-034
  • Old Directive Number:
    CPL 2.34 CH-5
  • Title:
    Change to the Construction Standard Alleged Violation Elements (SAVES) Manual
  • Information Date:
  • Standard Number:
Archive Notice - OSHA Archive

NOTICE: This is an OSHA Archive Document, and may no longer represent OSHA Policy. It is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only.

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

Subject: Changes to the construction standard alleged violation Elements (SAVEs) Manual

A. Purpose. This instruction transmits revised and new pages to the Construction SAVEs Manual for Crane and Derrick Suspended Personnel Platforms, Excavations, and Concrete and Masonry Safety Standards.

B. Scope. This instruction applies OSHA-wide.

C. Action. Regional Administrators and Area Directors shall ensure that all compliance personnel:

1. Make the following page changes to the Construction SAVEs Manual:

Remove Pages Insert Pages
155-156 155 through 156 156.1 through 156.18 157-162 157 through 162 169-188 169 through 187 187.1 through 187.16 188
2. File a copy of this transmittal sheet behind OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-4 in the appropriate OSHA Directives System binder.

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

D. Background. The Final Rule, 29 CFR 1926.550, Crane and Derrick Suspended Personnel Platforms, was published in the Federal Register, Vol. 53, No. 148, on August 2, 1988. The Final Rule, 29 CFR 1926.651.652, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for Excavations was published in the Federal Register, Vol. 54, No. 209, on October 31, 1989. The Final Rule, 29 CFR 1926.701-706, Concrete and Masonry Construction Safety Standards, was published in the Federal Register, Vol. 53, No. 116, on June 16, 1988.

E. State Plan States. Regional Administrators shall advise State designees of the action required by this instruction and encourage their participation in the SAVEs program.

Patricia K. Clark, Director Designate Directorate of Compliance Programs

DISTRIBUTION: National, Regional, and Area Offices Compliance Officers State Designees Area Office Clericals 11(c)/405 Programs NIOSH Regional Program Directors

2

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 September 1, 1979 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.550(a)(16): Modifications or additions which affected the capacity or safe operation of the equipment were made without the manufacturer's written approval:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT) (DESCRIBE MODIFICATION OR ADDITION)

2 29 CFR 1926.550(b)(1): Jibs of cranes did not have positive stops to prevent their movement of more than 5 degrees above the straight line of the jib and boom:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT) (NOTE IF CABLE-TYPE BELLY SLINGS WERE USED)

3 29 CFR 1926.550(b)(2), Section 5-1.7.3(b) American National Standards Institute, B30.5-1968, Safety Code for Crawler, Locomotive and Truck Cranes as adopted by 29 CFR 1926.550(b)(2): U-bolt clip(s) were not installed with the U-bolt section on the dead or short end, and the saddle on the live or long end of the rope:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

155

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.550(b) (2), Section 5-2.1.5 American National Standards Institute, B30.5-1968, Safety Code for Crawler, Locomotive and Truck Cranes as adopted by 29 CFR 1926.550(b) (2): The most recent certification record for the monthly inspections on critical items in use such as brakes, crane hooks, and ropes was not maintained on file until a new one was prepared:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926.550(b) (2), Section 5-2.1.5 American National Standards Institute, B30.5-1968, Safety Code for Crawler, Locomotive and Truck Cranes as adopted by 29 CFR 1926.550(b)(2) : The certification record for the monthly inspections on critical items in use such as brakes, crane hooks, and ropes did not include the date the crane items were inspected; the signature of the person who inspected the crane items; and a serial number, or other identifier, for the crane inspected:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT AND WHAT WAS LACKING ON RECORDS)

3 29 CFR 1926.550(b)(2): Section 5-2.4.1 American National Standards Institute B30.5-1968, Safety Code for Crawler, Locomotive and Truck Cranes adopted by 29 CFR 1926.550 (b)(2): A thorough inspection of all ropes in use was not made at least once a month:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT AND DATE OF LAST INSPECTION)

156

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(2): A crane or derrick was used to hoist employees on a personnel platform:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE WHAT CONVENTIONAL MEANS WAS AVAILABLE ON SITE FOR REACHING THE WORK AREA)
NOTE: Review exceptions to this requirement before citing.

2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(3)(i)(A): Hoisting of the personnel platform was not in a slow, controlled, cautious manner:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(3)(i)(B): Load lines of cranes and derricks used to hoist a personnel platforms were not capable of supporting without failure, at least seven times the maximum intended load:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.550 (g)(3)(i)(B): Load lines using rotation resistant rope to hoist a personnel platform were not capable of supporting without failure, at least ten times the maximum intended load:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

156.1

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(3)(i)(C): Load and boom hoist drum brakes, swing

brakes, and locking devices were not engaged when the occupied personnel platform was in a stationary working position:
(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT AND WHAT WAS/NOT ENGAGED) 2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(3)(i)(D): The load line hoist drum of cranes and derricks used to hoist a personnel platform did not have a system or device on the power train, other than the load hoist brake, to regulate the lowering rate of speed of the hoist mechanism:
(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(3)(i)(E): The crane used to hoist a personnel platform was not uniformly level within one percent of level grade:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(3)(i)(E): The crane used to hoist a personnel platform was not located on firm footing:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

156.2

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 3 1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(3)(i)(E): Cranes equipped with outriggers did not have them fully deployed following manufacturer's specifications, insofar as applicable, when hoisting employees:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(3)(i)(F): The total weight of the loaded personnel platform and related rigging exceeded 50 percent of the rated capacity for the radius and configuration of the crane or derrick:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

3 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(3)(i)(G): The use of machines having live booms was used:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

4 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(3)(ii)(A): Cranes and derricks with variable angle booms were not equipped with a boom angle indicator, readily visible to the operator when hoisting personnel platforms:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

156.3

OSHA Instruction 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(3)(ii)(B): Cranes with telescoping booms were not equipped with a device to indicate clearly to the operator, at all times, the boom's extended length, and an accurate determination of the load radius to be used during the lift was not made prior to hoisting personnel:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(3)(ii)(C): A positive acting device was not used to prevent contact between the load block or overhaul ball and the boom tip (anti-two-blocking device), or a system was not used to deactivate the hoisting action in the event of a two-blocking situation:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

3 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(i)(A): The personnel platform and suspension system were not designed by a qualified engineer or a qualified person competent in structural design:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

4 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(i)(B): The suspension system of a personnel platform was not designed to minimize tipping of the platform due to movement of employees occupying the platform:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

156.4

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(i)(C): The personnel platform, with the exception of the guardrail system and body belt/harness anchorages, was not capable of supporting, without failure, its own weight and at least five times the maximum intended load:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 1 2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(ii)(A): Each personnel platform was not equipped with a guardrail system which met the requirements of Subpart M (29 CFR 1926.500):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (SUBSECTION OF 1926.500 NOT COMPLIED WITH)

OPTION 2 3 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(ii)(A): The area of guardrail on the personnel platform between the toeboard and mid-rail were not enclosed by solid construction or expanded metal having openings no greater than one-half inch:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

4 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(ii)(B): A grab rail was not installed inside the entire perimeter of the personnel platform:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

156.5

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(ii)(C): Access gates to a personnel platform were not prevented from swinging outward during hoisting:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(ii)(D): Access gates to a personnel platform were not equipped with a restraining device to prevent accidental opening:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

3 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(ii)(E): Sufficient headroom was not provided which allowed employees to stand upright in the personnel platform:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

4 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(ii)(F): In addition to the use of hard hats, employees were not protected by overhead protection on the personnel platform when they were exposed to falling objects:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

5 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(ii)(G): All rough edges of a Personnel platform exposed to contact by employees were not surfaced or smoothed:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

156.6

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(ii)(H): Welding of the personnel platform and its components was not performed by a qualified welder familiar with weld grades, types and material specified in the platform design:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(ii)(I): The personnel platform was not conspicuously posted with a plate or other permanent marking which indicated the weight of the platform and its rated load capacity or maximum intended load:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(iii)(A): The personnel platform was loaded in excess of its rated load capacity:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(iii)(A): The personnel platform was loaded in excess of its maximum intended load:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

5 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(iii)(B): The number of employees occupying the personnel platform exceeded the number required for the work being performed:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

156.7

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(iii)(C): Personnel platform was used to hoist materials or tools when not hoisting personnel:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(iii)(C): Personnel platforms were used to hoist employees, their tools, and the materials being hoisted exceeded what was necessary to do the work:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) 3 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(iii)(D): Materials and tools were not secured to prevent displacement during a personnel lift:
(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) 4 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(iii)(E): Materials and tools for use during a personnel lift were not evenly distributed within the confines of the platform while the platform was suspended:
(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

156.8

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(iv)(A): The wire rope bridle used to connect the personnel platform to the load line was not connected in such a manner to ensure that the load was evenly divided among the bridle legs:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(iv)(B): Hooks on overhaul ball assemblies, lower load blocks, or other attachment assemblies for personnel platforms were not of a type that could be closed and locked, to eliminate the hook throat opening:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(iv)(C): Wire rope, shackles, rings, master links, and other rigging hardware for a personnel platform were not capable of supporting, without failure, at least five times the maximum intended load applied or transmitted to the component:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(iv)(C): Where rotation resistant rope was used for a personnel platform, the slings were not capable of supporting, without failure, at least ten times the maximum intended load:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

156.9

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(iv)(D): All eyes in wire rope slings used with personnel platforms, were not fabricated with thimbles:

        (a)  (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS, EQUIPMENT, AND TYPE
            OF SLING(S)) (HOW WAS/ WERE THE SLINGS EYES FORMED)

OPTION 1 2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(iv)(E): Bridles and associated rigging for attaching the personnel platform to the hoist line were not used only for hoisting the platform, necessary employees, their tools and materials necessary to do their work:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 2 3 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(4)(iv)(E): Bridles and associated rigging for attaching the Personnel platform to the hoist line were used for other purposes when not hoisting personnel:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY AND WHAT THE BRIDLES AND ASSOCIATED RIGGING WAS BEING USED FOR)

OPTION 1 4 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(5)(i): A trial lift was not made from ground level with the unoccupied personnel platform loaded at least to the anticipated liftweight, immediately prior to placing personnel on the platform:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

156.10

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 2 1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(5)(i): A trial lift with the unoccupied platform loaded at least to the anticipated liftweight was not made from the location where employees would enter the platform to each location at which the personnel platform was to be hoisted and positioned:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 3 2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(5)(i): The operator did not determine that all systems, controls and safety devices were activated and functioning properly; that no interferences existed; and that all configurations necessary to reach those work locations would allow the operator to remain under the 50-percent limit of the hoist's rated capacity:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(5)(ii): The trial lift was not repeated prior to hoisting employees when the crane or derrick was moved and set up in a new location or returned to a previously used location:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(5)(ii): The trial lift was not repeated prior to hoisting employees when the lift route was significantly changed:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)
NOTE: Review exception in standard under this Paragraph.

156.11

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(5)(iii): After the trial lift, and just prior to hoisting personnel, the platform was not hoisted a few inches and inspected to ensure that it was secure and properly balanced:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(5)(iii)____*____. Employees were hoisted in the personnel platform without it being determined that ENTER THE APPROPRIATE STATEMENT FOR EACH OPTION:

* Enter the appropriate subparagraph (A)-(D) for each OPTION:
    OPTION 2
            (A) Hoist ropes were free of kinks:
    OPTION 3
            (B) Multiple part lines were not twisted around each
                other:
    OPTION 4
            (C) The primary attachment was centered over the
                platform:
    OPTION 5
            (D) The hoisting system was inspected when the load
                rope was slack to ensure that all ropes were
                properly stated on drums and in sheaves:
(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY AND WHAT CONDITIONS DID NOT EXIST FROM (A)-(D) OF THIS SECTION)
NOTE: The chart capacity for lifts on rubber is to be used for application of the 50 percent reduction of rated capacity. Notwithstanding requirement of 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(3)(i)(E) , outriggers may be partially retracted as necessary for travel.

156.12

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(5)(iv): A visual inspection of the crane or derrick, rigging, personnel platform, and the crane or derrick base support or ground was not conducted by a competent person immediately after the trial lift to determine whether the testing had exposed any defect or produced any adverse effect upon any component or structure:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(5)(v): Defects found during inspections which created a safety hazard were not corrected before hoisting personnel:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(5)(vi): At each job site, prior to hoisting employees on the personnel platform and after any repair or modification, the platform and digging were not proof tested to 125 percent of the platform's rated capacity; folding it in a suspended position for five minutes with the test load evenly distributed on the platform:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(5)(vi): After proof testing, a competent person did not inspect the personnel platform and digging:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

156.13

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 3 1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(5)(vi): Deficiencies found during the inspection after proof testing the personnel platform and rigging, were not corrected and another proof test conducted:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 4 2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(5)(vi): Prior to hoisting employees on the personnel platform, the proof testing requirements were not satisfied:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD (S) WHERE NECESSARY AND WHAT PROOF TESTING REQUIREMENT(S) WERE LACKING)

3 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(6)(i): Employees did not keep all parts of the body inside the personnel platform during raising, lowering, and positioning:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)
NOTE: Review exception for the signal person.

4 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(6)(ii): Employees exited or entered a hoisted personnel platform that was not landed, and the platform was not secured to the structure where the work was being performed:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)
NOTE: Review exception to this requirement before citing.

156.14

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(6)(iii): Tag lines were not used:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(6)(iv): The crane or derrick operator did not remain at the controls at all times when the crane engine was running and the platform was occupied:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

3 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(6)(v): Hoisting of employees was not promptly discontinued upon indication of any dangerous weather conditions or other impending danger:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

4 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(6)(vi): Employees being hoisted were not in continuous sight of and in direct communication with the operator or signal person:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)
NOTE: Review exceptions to this requirement before citing.

156.15

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(6)(vii): Employees occupying the personnel platform did not use a body belt/harness system with lanyard appropriately attached to the lower load block or overhaul ball, or to a structural member within the personnel platform capable of supporting a fall impact for employees using the anchorage:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)
NOTE: Do not cite this requirement when working over water, cite the appropriate violation under 29 CFR 1926.106 when it exists.

2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(6)(viii): Lifts were made on another of the crane's or derrick's loadlines while personnel were suspended on a platform:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

3 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(7)(i): Hoisting of employees while the crane was traveling was not prohibited:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (SEE STANDARD FOR EXCEPTIONS) (LIST LESS HAZARDOUS METHOD(S))

156.16

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(7)(ii)__*__: Under any circumstances where a crane would travel while hoisting personnel, the employed did not implement the following procedures to safeguard employees: ENTER THE APPROPRIATE STATEMENT FOR EACH OPTION:

* Enter the appropriate subparagraph (A)-(E) for each OPTION:
    OPTION 1
     (A) Crane travel was not restricted to a fixed track or runway:
    OPTION 2
     (B) Travel was not limited to the load radius of the boom used during
         the lift:
    OPTION 3
     (C) The boom was not parallel to the direction of travel:
    OPTION 4
     (D) A complete trial run was not performed to test the route of travel
         before employees were allowed to occupy the platform:
    OPTION 5
     (E) When travel was done with a rubbertired carrier, the condition and
         air pressure of the tires were not checked:
(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY AND WHAT PROCEDURE(S) WERE LACKING FROM (A)-(E) OF THIS SECTION)

156.17

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(8)(i): A pre-lift meeting attended by the crane or derrick operator, signal person, employee(s) to be lifted, and the person responsible for the task was not held to review the appropriate requirements of 29 CFR 1926.550(g) and the procedures to be followed:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY AND WHAT REQUIREMENTS AND/OR PROCEDURES WERE LACKING)

OPTION 1 2 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(8)(ii): A pre-lift meeting attended by the crane and derrick operator, signal person, employee(s) to be lifted, and the person responsible for the task was not held prior to the trial lift at each new work location:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 2 3 29 CFR 1926.550(g)(8)(ii): A pre-lift meeting attended by the crane or derrick operator, signal person, employee(s) to be lifted, and the person responsible for the task was not repeated for employees newly assigned to the operation:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

156.18

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.552(a)(2): Rated load capacities, recommended operating speeds, and special hazard warnings or instructions were not posted on cars and platforms:

(a) (LOCATION) (TYPE OF HOIST) (WHAT WAS NOT POSTED IF ONLY PART) (WHERE NOT POSTED IF ONLY PART)

OPTION 1 2 29 CFR 1926.552(b)(1)(i): Operating rules were not posted at the operator's station of the material hoist:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY CONDITIONS AND/OR EQUIPMENT) (KIND OF WORK BEING PERFORMED)
NOTE: STATE WHETHER EMPLOYER HAD RULES TO POST.

OPTION 2 3 29 CFR 1926.552(b)(1)(i): A notice reading "No Riders Allowed" was not conspicuously posted on the car frame or crosshead of the material hoist:

(a) (IDENTIFY LOCATIONS(S))

4 29 CFR 1926.552(b)(1)(ii): Person(s) were allowed to ride on material hoists for purposes other than inspection and maintenance:

(a) (LOCATION) (WHY WERE THEY RIDING)

157

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.552(b)(2): Entrance(s) of hoistway(s) were not protected by substantial gates or bars which guarded the full width of the landing entrance:

(a) (IDENTIFY LOCATION(S)) (DID THEY HAVE ANY GUARDS) (IF THEY HAD GUARDS WERE THEY SUBSTANTIAL) (IF THEY HAD GUARDS DID THEY COVER THE FULL WIDTH)

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926.552(b)(2): Hoistway entrance bars and gates were not painted with diagonal contrasting:

(a) (IDENTIFY LOCATION(S)) (WERE THEY PAINTED WITH ANY COLORS)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.552(b)(2)(i): Bars on hoistway entrances were not 2- by 4-inch wooden bars or equivalent:

(a) (LOCATION) (WHAT WERE THE BARS)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.552(b)(2)(i): Bars on hoistway entrances were not located 2 feet from the hoistway line:

(a) (LOCATION) (WHERE WERE THEY LOCATED)

OPTION 3 5 29 CFR 1926.552(b)(2)(i): Bars on hoistway entrances were not between 36 and 42 inches above the floor:

(a) (LOCATION) (PROVIDE BAR MEASUREMENT ABOVE THE FLOOR)

6 29 CFR 1926.552(b)(3): Overhead protection covering of 2-inch planking, 3/4-inch plywood, or other solid material of equivalent strength was not provided on the top of every material hoist cage or platform:

(a) (LOCATION) (CAGE OR PLATFORM) (DESCRIBE MATERIAL IF PROVIDED AND WHY IT WAS NOT EQUIVALENT)

158

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.552(b)(4): The operator's station of a hoisting machine was not provided with overhead protection equivalent to tight planking at least 2 inches thick, with supports of equal strength:

(a) (LOCATION) (DESCRIBE CONDITIONS AND IDENTIFY HOIST)

OPTION 1 2 29 CFR 1926.552(b)(5)(ii): The hoist platform or car on material hoist was not totally enclosed on all sides for the full height between the floor and the overhead protection covering with 1/2-inch mesh of No. 14 U.S. gauge wire or equivalent when hoist tower was not enclosed :

(a) (LOCATION) (DESCRIBE CONDITIONS AND IDENTIFY HOIST) OPTION 2 3 29 CFR 1926.552(b)(5)(ii): The hoist platform enclosure on material hoist did not include the required gates for landing and unloading:
(a) (LOCATION) (DESCRIBE CONDITIONS AND IDENTIFY HOIST) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S))

OPTION 3 4 29 CFR 1926.552(b)(5)(ii): A 6-foot high enclosure was not provided on unused sides of the hoist towers at ground level on material hoists:

(a) (LOCATION) (DESCRIBE CONDITIONS AND IDENTIFY HOIST) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S))

5 29 CFR 1926.552(b)(6): Car arresting device(s) were not installed to function in case of rope failure on material hoist(s):

(a) (LOCATION) (DESCRIBE CONDITIONS AND IDENTIFY HOIST) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S))

159

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.552(c)(1): Personnel hoist towers outside the structure were not enclosed for the full height of the side(s) used for entrance and exit to the structure:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926.552(c)(1): At the lowest landing(s) of the personnel hoist(s), the enclosure on the sides not used for exit or entrance to the structure were not enclosed to a height of at least 10 feet:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 3 3 29 CFR 1926.552(c)(1): Sides of the personnel hoist tower adjacent to floors or scaffold platforms were not enclosed to a height of 10 feet above the level of such floors or scaffolds:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 1 4 29 CFR 1926.552(c)(4): Hoistway doors or gates on personnel hoist were not at least 6 feet 6 inches high:

(a) (LOCATION) (DESCRIBE HOW HIGH THEY WERE) (IDENTIFY HOISTING EQUIPMENT)

OPTION 2 5 29 CFR 1926.552(c)(4): Hoistway doors or gates on personnel hoists were not provided with mechanical locks which were only accessible to persons on the car and which could not be operated from the landing side:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT AND IF THEY HAD LOCKS WHAT WAS WRONG WITH THEM)

160

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.552(c)(8): Personnel hoist doors or gates were not provided with electrical contacts which do not allow movement of the hoist when door or gate was open:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

2 29 CFR 1926.552(c)(13): An emergency stop switch marked "STOP" was not provided in the car of personnel hoist(s):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.552(c)(15): Personnel hoists were not inspected and tested at not more than 3-month intervals:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT AND DATE OF LAST INSPECTION)

OPTION 2 3 29 CFR 1926.552(c)(15): The most recent certification record for the inspection and testing of personnel hoists was not maintained on file and available for review:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

OPTION 3 4 29 CFR 1926.552(c)(15): The certification record for the inspection and testing of personnel hoist did not include the date the inspection and test of all functions and safety devices were performed; and a serial number, or other identifier, for the hoist that was inspected and tested:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT AND WHAT WAS LACKING ON THE RECORD)

161

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.553(a)(1): Exposed moving parts which constituted a hazard on base-mounted drum hoist(s) were not guarded:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC KIND OF PARTS AND WHAT WAS THE HAZARD)

2 29 CFR 1926.554(a)(1): The safe working load of the overhead hoist(s), as determined by the manufacturer, was not indicated on the hoist(s):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT AND WHAT WAS THE SAFE WORKING LOAD DETERMINED BY THE MANUFACTURER)

162

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 September 1, 1979 Office of Compliance Programming

1 29 CFR 1926.601(b)(14): All defects were not corrected before motor vehicle(s) were placed in service:

(a) (LOCATION)(IDENTIFY VEHICLE) (DESCRIBE DEFECT) NOTE: CSHO SHOULD DOCUMENT IN THE FILES HOW LONG DEFECT HAS EXISTED AND IF IT HAD BEEN DETECTED PRIOR TO THE SHIFT.

2 29 CFR 1926.602(a)(2)(i): Material handling equipment with rollover protective structures or adequate canopy protection was not provided with seat belts:

(a) (LOCATION)(IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR EQUIPMENT, INCLUDING SERIAL NUMBER, MODEL, ETC.)(KIND OF WORK BEING DONE) NOTE: DO NOT CITE IF EQUIPMENT WAS DESIGNED ONLY FOR STANDUP OPERATION.

Lb04 3 29 CFR 1926.602(a)(9)(i): Bi-directional machine(s) were not equipped with an operable horn, distinguishable from the surrounding noise level:

(a) (LOCATION)(IDENTIFY MACHINE, SUCH AS ROLLERS, COMPACTORS, FRONT AND LOADERS, BULLDOZERS OR SIMILAR EQUIPMENT) (DESCRIBE IF HORN WAS PROVIDED, DISTINGUISHABLE FROM SURROUNDING NOISE LEVEL, OR IF NOT IN OPERATIVE CONDITION)

169

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AU6 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.602(a)(9)(ii): Earth moving or compacting equipment which had an obstruct ion view to the rear was operated in reverse gear; such equipment did not have in operation a reverse signal alarm distinguishable from the surrounding noise level or did an signal that it was safe to operate in reverse gear:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT, INCLUDING SERIAL NUMBER, MODEL, AND WORK BEING ACCOMPLISHED)

2 29 CFR 1926.602(c)(1)(i): Lifting and hauling equipment did not have the rated capacity clearly posted on the vehicle so as to be clearly visible to the operator:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY CONDITIONS SUCH AS NOT MEETING THE POSTING OR NOT VISIBLE) (IDENTIFY THE EQUIPMENT)
NOTE: Do not use on equipment covered under Subpart N cranes, derricks, hoist, elevators, and conveyors.

170

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.651(a): All surface encumbrances that were located so as to create a hazard to employees were not removed or supported, as necessary, to safeguard employees:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

2 29 CFR 1926.651(b)(1): The estimated location of underground utility installations, such as sewer, telephone, fuel, electric, water lines, or any other underground installations that reasonably may be expected to be encountered during excavation work, were not determined prior to opening an excavation:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY AND WHAT UTILITY WAS ENCOUNTERED DURING EXCAVATING OPERATIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.651(b)(2): Utility companies or owners were not contacted within established or customary local response times, advised of the proposed work, and asked to establish the location of the utility underground installations prior to the start of an actual excavation:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

4 29 CFR 1926.651(b)(3): When excavation operations approached the estimated location of underground installations, the exact location of the installations was not determined by safe and acceptable means:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY AND WHAT SHOULD HAVE BEEN A SAFE AND ACCEPTABLE MEANS TO FIND THE UNDERGROUND UTILITY)

171

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.651(b)(4): While the excavation was opened, underground installations were not protected, supported or removed as necessary to safeguard employees:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY AND WHAT SHOULD HAVE BEEN PROVIDED TO SAFEGUARD THE EMPLOYEES)

OPTION 1 2 29 CFR 1926.651(c)(1)(i): Structural ramps that were used solely by employees as a means of access or egress from excavations were not designed by a competent person:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY AND WHAT THE RAMP(S) WERE BEING USED FOR BY THE EMPLOYEES)

OPTION 2 3 29 CFR 1926.651(c)(1)(i): Structural ramps used for access or egress of equipment were not designed by a competent person qualified in structural design:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY AND THE COMPETENT PERSON'S LACK OF QUALIFICATIONS IN STRUCTURAL DESIGNS)

OPTION 3 4 29 CFR 1926.651(c)(1)(i): Structural ramps used for access or egress by employees were not constructed in accordance with the design:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY AND WHY THE RAMPS DID NOT MEET THE DESIGN)

172

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.651(c)(1)(ii): Ramps and runways constructed of two or more structural members did not have the structural members connected together to prevent displacement:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

2 29 CFR 1926.651(c)(1)(iii): Structural members used for ramps and runways were not of uniform thickness:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

3 29 CFR 1926.651(c)(1)(iv): Cleats or other appropriate means used to connect runway structural members were not attached to the bottom of the runway:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY AND WHAT MEANS WAS USED TO CONNECT THE MEMBERS TOGETHER)

4 29 CFR 1926.651(c)(1)(v): Structural ramps used in lieu of steps were not provided with cleats or other surface treatments on the top surface to prevent slipping:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY AND WHAT IF ANYTHING WAS PROVIDED ON THE RAMP SURFACE)

5 29 CFR 1926.651(c)(2): A stairway, ladder, ramp or other safe means of egress was not located in trench excavations that were 4 feet (1.22m) or more in depth so as to require no more than 25 feet (7.62m) of lateral travel for employees:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY, MEASUREMENTS AS NEEDED, AND WHAT MEANS OF EGRESS, IF ANYTHING, WAS PROVIDED)

173

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.651(d): Employees exposed to public vehicular traffic were not provided with a warning vest or other suitable garments marked with or made of reflectorized or high-visibility material:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926.651(d): Employees exposed to public vehicular traffic were not wearing warning vests provided by the employer:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE WHAT IF ANYTHING THE EMPLOYEE(S) WERE WEARING TO WARN THE TRAFFIC IN THE AREA)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.651(e): Employee was not prohibited to be underneath loads handled by lifting or digging equipment:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE EQUIPMENT BEING USED)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.651(e): Employees were not required to stand away from any vehicle being loaded or unloaded to avoid being struck by any spillage or falling materials:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE EQUIPMENT, WHETHER LOADING OR UNLOADING, AND TYPE OF MATERIAL BEING HANDLED BY THE EQUIPMENT)

174

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.651(f): A warning system such as barricades, hand or mechanical signals, or stop logs was not utilized when mobile equipment was operated adjacent to an excavation, when such equipment was required to approach the edge of an excavation, and the operator did not have a clear and direct view of the edge of the excavation:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE WHAT IF ANYTHING WAS WRONG WITH THE WARNING SYSTEM PROVIDED, AND WHAT OBSTRUCTED THE OPERATOR'S VIEW)

2 29 CFR 1926.651(g)(1)(i): Where oxygen deficiency (atmosphere containing less than 19.5 percent oxygen) or a hazardous atmosphere existed or could reasonably be expected to exist, such as in excavations in landfill areas or excavations in areas where hazardous substances are stored nearby, the atmospheres in the excavation were not tested before employees entered excavations greater than 4 feet (1.22m) in depth:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE TYPE OF HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY, WHAT THE OXYGEN PERCENT LEVEL TAKEN WAS, AND DEPTH OF EXCAVATION MEASUREMENT OBTAINED)

3 29 CFR 1926.651(g)(1)(ii): Adequate precautions were not taken to prevent employee exposure to atmospheres containing less than 19.5 percent oxygen and other hazardous atmospheres:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY AND WHAT WAS LACKING IN PRECAUTIONS TAKEN)

175

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.651(g)(1)(iii): Adequate precautions were not taken such as providing ventilation, to prevent employee exposure to an atmosphere containing a concentration of a flammable gas in excess of 20 percent of the lower flammable limit of the gas:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY, TYPE OF GAS ENCOUNTERED, AND PERCENT OF GAS OVER THE LOWER LIMIT)

2 29 CFR 1926.651(g)(1)(iv): When controls were used that were intended to reduce the level of atmospheric contaminants to acceptable levels, testing was not conducted as often as necessary to ensure that the atmosphere remained safe:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY, TYPE OF CONTROLS BEING USED, AND ATMOSPHERIC CONTAMINANTS)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.651(g)(2)(i): Emergency rescue equipment, such as breathing apparatus, a safety harness and line, or a basket stretcher, was not readily available where hazardous atmospheric conditions existed or could reasonably be expected to develop during work in an excavation:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY, THE NEED FOR ANY OR ALL OF THIS EQUIPMENT, AND LOCATION OF EQUIPMENT PROVIDED)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.651(g)(2)(i): Emergency rescue equipment listed in this section was not attended when in use:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY AND WHY THE EQUIPMENT WAS NOT ATTENDED)

176

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.651(g)(2)(ii): Employees entering bell-bottom pier holes, or other similar deep and confined footing excavations, did not wear a harness with a life-line securely attached to it:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY AND WHAT THE EMPLOYEES WERE ENTERING)

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926.651(g)(2)(ii): The lifeline provided for employee entering bell-bottom pier holes, or other similar deep and confined footing excavations, was not separate from any line used to handle materials:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY, AND TO WHAT THE EMPLOYEE LIFELINE WAS ATTACHED)

OPTION 3 3 29 CFR 1926.651(g)(2)(ii): The employee lifeline was not individually attended at all times while the employee wearing the lifeline was in the excavation:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY AND DOCUMENT AS TO WHY THE LIFELINE WAS NOT ATTENDED) 4 29 CFR 1926.651(h)(1): Employees were working in excavations in which there was accumulated water, or excavations in which water was accumulating, and adequate precautions had not been taken to protect employees against the hazards posed by water accumulation:
(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY, WHAT PRECAUTIONS THE EMPLOYER WAS LACKING, AND CAUSE OF THE WATER ACCUMULATION)

177

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.651(h)(2): Where water was controlled or prevented from accumulating by use of water removal equipment, the water removal equipment and operations were not monitored by a competent person to ensure proper operation:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE AND IDENTIFY WATER REMOVAL EQUIPMENT BEING USED, AND HAZARDS INVOLVED)

OPTION 1 2 29 CFR 1926.651(h)(3): Where excavation work interrupted the natural drainage of surface water (such as streams), diversion ditches, dikes, or other suitable means were not used to prevent surface water from entering the excavation and to provide adequate drainage of the area adjacent to the excavation:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE EXCAVATION WORK BEING ACCOMPLISHED. HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY AND SOURCE OF SURFACE WATER)

OPTION 2 3 29 CFR 1926.651(h)(3): Excavations subject to runoff from heavy rains were not inspected by a competent person to ensure compliance with 29 CFR 1926.651(h)(1) and (h)(2):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY, PROVIDE DATE OF LAST INSPECTION BY COMPETENT PERSON, IF ANY, AND LAST HEAVY RAIN)

4 29 CFR 1926.651(i)(1): Where the stability of adjoining buildings, walls, or other structures was endangered by excavation operations, support systems such as shoring, bracing or underpinning was not provided to ensure the stability of such structures for the protection of employees:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE WHAT WAS ENDANGERED RESULTING FROM EXCAVATION OPERATIONS, AND WHAT IF ANY TYPE OF SUPPORT SYSTEM WAS PROVIDED)

178

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.651(i)(2): Excavation below the level of the base or footing of any foundation or retaining wall that could be reasonably expected to pose a hazard to the employees was not prohibited:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY, WHAT THE EXCAVATION WAS EXCAVATED BELOW OF)
NOTE: See exceptions listed in 29 CFR 1926.651(i)-(iv).

2 29 CFR 1926.651(i)(3): Sidewalks, pavements, or appurtenant structures had been undermined and a support system or another method was not provided to protect employees from the possible collapse of such structures:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE TYPE OF STRUCTURE NEEDING SUPPORT AND ANY INADEQUATE SUPPORT SYSTEM PROVIDED)

3 29 CFR 1926.651(j)(1): Adequate protection was not provided to protect employees from loose rock or soil that could pose a hazard by falling or rolling from an excavation face:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHAT IF ANYTHING WAS PROVIDED)

OPTION 1 4 29 CFR 1926.651(j)(2): Employees were not protected from excavated or other materials or equipment that could pose a hazard by falling or rolling into excavations:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, MATERIAL OR EQUIPMENT, AND WHAT PROTECTION SHOULD HAVE BEEN PROVIDED)

179

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 2 1 29 CFR 1926.651(j)(2): Protection was not provided by placing and keeping excavated or other materials or equipment at least 2 feet (.61m) from the edge of excavations, or by the use of retaining devices that were sufficient to prevent materials or equipment from falling or rolling into excavations, or by a combination of both if necessary:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, MATERIALS OR EQUIPMENT LESS THAN 2 FEET FROM EXCAVATION, AND WHAT PROTECTION SHOULD HAVE BEEN PROVIDED)

OPTION 1 2 29 CFR 1926.651(k)(1): Daily inspections of excavations, the adjacent areas, and protective systems were not made by a competent person for evidence of a situation that could have resulted in possible cave-ins, indications of failure of protective systems, hazardous atmospheres, or other hazardous conditions:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHEN THE LAST DAILY INSPECTION WAS CONDUCTED)

OPTION 2 3 29 CFR 1926.651(k)(1): An inspection of the excavations, the adjacent areas, and protective systems was not conducted by the competent person prior to the start of work and as needed throughout the shift:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHAT INDICATED THAT INSPECTION WAS NOT CONDUCTED BEFORE AND AFTER WORK WAS STARTED)

180

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 3 1 29 CFR 1926.651(k)(1): An inspection of the excavations, the adjacent areas, and protective systems was not made after every rainstorm or other hazard increasing occurrence:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHAT CONDITIONS INDICATED THAT AN INSPECTION WAS NEEDED)

2 29 CFR 1926.651(k)(2): Where the competent person found evidence of a situation that could result in a possible cave-in, indications of failure of protective systems, hazardous atmospheres, or other hazardous conditions, exposed employees were not removed from the hazardous area until the necessary precautions had been taken to ensure their safety:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS, WHAT WAS UNSAFE AND WHAT PRECAUTIONS SHOULD HAVE BEEN TAKEN)

3 29 CFR 1926.651(l)(1): Where employees or equipment are required or permitted to cross over excavations, walkways or bridges with standard guardrails were not provided:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, WHAT WAS LACKING GUARDRAILS, AND PROVIDE OVERALL MEASUREMENTS INCLUDING THE FALLING DISTANCE)

OPTION 1 4 29 CFR 1926.651(l)(2): Adequate barrier physical protection was not provided at all remotely located excavations:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHAT TYPE OF PHYSICAL BARRIER SHOULD HAVE BEEN PROVIDED)

181

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 2 1 29 CFR 1926.651(l)(2): All wells, pits, shafts, etc., were not barricaded or covered:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHAT SHOULD HAVE BEEN PROVIDED)

OPTION 3 2 29 CFR 1926.651(l)(2): Upon completion of exploration and similar operations, temporary wells, pits, shafts, etc., were not backfilled:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHEN OPERATIONS WERE COMPLETED)

3 29 CFR 1926.652(a)(1): Each employee in an excavation was not protected from cave-ins by an adequate protective system designed in accordance with 29 CFR 1926.652(c). The employer had not complied with the provisions of 29 CFR 1926.652(b)(1)(i) in that the excavation was sloped at an angle steeper that one and one-half horizontal to one vertical (34 degrees measured from the horizontal):

(a) (LOCATION) (DIMENSIONS OF THE EXCAVATION) (EMPLOYEES EXPOSED) (THE EMPLOYER HAD NOT MET ALL THE ELEMENTS OF SLOPING/BENCHING OPTION (2), (3) OR (4)) NOTE: This option is for use when sloping is inadequate. See CPL 2.87, Dated February 20, 1990, Requirements for Protective Systems, (d) (1) (a) and (b), page 13.

4 29 CFR 1926.652(a)(2): Protective systems did not have the capacity to resist without failure all loads that were intended or could reasonably be expected to be applied or transmitted to the system:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHAT WAS LACKING IN THE PROTECTIVE SYSTEM TO CAUSE FAILURE)

182

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.652(b)(4)(i) : Excavation over 20 feet deep which exceeded the requirements listed in the table of Appendix B; tabulated data used for protective system was not approved by a registered professional engineer:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE TYPE PROTECTIVE SYSTEM USED AND DEPTH OF EXCAVATION)

OPTION 1 2 29 CFR 1926.652(c)(4)(i): Support system used in an excavation over 20 feet deep which exceeded the requirements listed in the table in Appendix C; tabulated data used for protective system was not approved by a registered professional engineer:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE TYPE OF PROTECTIVE SYSTEM USED AND DEPTH OF EXCAVATION)

OPTION 2 3 29 CFR 1926.652(c)(4)(i): Tabulated data on aluminum hydraulic shoring system used in a trench over 20 feet deep, which exceeded the requirements listed in the tables in Appendix D, was not approved by a registered professional engineer:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE TYPE OF SHORING USED AND DEPTH OF TRENCH)

4 29 CFR 1926.652(d)(1): Materials and equipment used for protective systems were not free from damage or defects that might impair their proper function:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, WHAT WAS DAMAGE OR DEFECT IN THE MATERIALS OR EQUIPMENT BEING USED IN THE PROTECTIVE SYSTEM)

183

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance assistance

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.652(d)(2): Manufactured materials and equipment used for protective systems were not maintained in a manner that was consistent with the recommendations of the manufacturer:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY. WHAT WAS WRONG WITH THE AERIALS OR EQUIPMENT BEING USED THAT IT WAS NOT CONSISTENT WITH THE MANUFACTURER'S RECOMMENDATIONS)

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926.652(d)(2): Manufactured materials and equipment used for protective systems were not used in a manner that would have prevented employed exposure to hazards:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHAT WAS WRONG WITH THE AERIALS OR EQUIPMENT THAT PRESENTED A HAZARD TO THE EMPLOYEES)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.652(d)(3): When material or equipment that was used for protective systems was damaged, a competent person did not examine the material or equipment and evaluate its suitability for continued use:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, WHAT WAS DAMAGED IN THE PROTECTIVE SYSTEM BEING USED AND ITS SUITABILITY FOR CONTINUED USE)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.652(d)(3): A competent person could not ensure that the material or equipment used for protective systems was able support the intended loads or was otherwise suitable for safe use, the material or equipment was not removed from service:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHAT WAS DEFECTIVE WITH THE MATERIAL OR EQUIPMENT THAT NEEDED TO BE REMOVED FROM SERVICE)

184

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 3 1 29 CFR 1926.652(d)(3): Material or equipment used for protective systems that was found to be damaged and had been removed from service was not evaluated and approved by a registered professional engineer before being returned to service:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHAT WAS DEFECTIVE IN THE PROTECTIVE SYSTEM BEING USED, WHO APPROVED THE MATERIAL OR EQUIPMENT TO BE PUT BACK INTO SERVICE)
NOTE: This provision is intended to address only extensive damage that would have a negative effect on the structural integrity of the equipment. Minor damage such as punctured "skin" on a trench box that did no damage to structural members would not require evaluation and approval by a registered professional engineer. The repair of structural damage to a manufactured system that is done by a Manufacturers Representative in accordance with manufactures' specifications would not need evaluation and approval by a registered engineer prior to being returned to service.

2 29 CFR 1926.652(e)(1)(i): Members of support systems were not securely connected together to prevent sliding, falling, kickouts, or other predictable failure:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND HOW THE MEMBERS OF THE SUPPORT SYSTEMS WERE CONNECTED TOGETHER)

185

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.652(e)(1)(ii): Support systems were not installed and removed in a manner that protected employees from cave-ins, structural collapses, or from being struck by members of the support system:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHAT WAS WRONG WITH THE SUPPORT SYSTEM THAT IT PRESENTED HAZARD TO EMPLOYEES WHILE BEING INSTALLED OR REMOVED)

2 29 CFR 1926.652(e)(1)(iii): Individual members of support systems were subjected to loads exceeding those which those members were designed to withstand:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, WHAT THE LOADS WERE THAT EXCEEDED THOSE THE MEMBERS OF SUPPORT SYSTEMS WERE DESIGNED TO WITHSTAND)

3 29 CFR 1926.652(e)(1)iv): Before temporary removal of individual members was begun, additional precautions were not taken to ensure the safety of employees, such as installing other structural members to carry the loads imposed on the support system:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHAT PRECAUTIONS SHOULD HAVE BEEN TAKEN BY THE EMPLOYER PRIOR TO TEMPORARY REMOVAL OF SUPPORT SYSTEM MEMBERS)

OPTION 1 4 29 CFR 1926.652(e)(1)(v): Removal of members from support system did not begin at, and progress from, the bottom of the excavation:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHERE DID REMOVAL OF MEMBERS OF SUPPORT SYSTEM BEGIN)

186

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 2 1 29 CFR 1926.652(e)(1)(v): Members were not released slowly so as to note any indication of possible failure of the remaining members of the structure or possible cave-in of the sides of the excavation:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND AREA WHERE MEMBERS WERE RELEASED TOO FAST INDICATING A FAILURE OR CAVE-IN WAS EVIDENT)

2 29 CFR 1926.652(e)(1)(vi): Backfilling did not progress together with the removal of support systems from excavations:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHEN DID BACKFILLING START AS THE SUPPORT SYSTEM WAS REMOVED)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.652(e)(2)(i): Excavation of material to a level no greater than 2 feet (.61m) below the bottom of the members of a support system was permitted where the system was not designed to resist the forces calculated for the full depth of the trench, and there were indications while the trench was open of a possible loss of soil behind or below the bottom of the support system:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND HOW FAR BELOW SUPPORT SYSTEM EXCAVATING WAS ACCOMPLISHED)

187

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 2 1 29 CFR 1926.652(e)(2)(i): Excavation of material to a level no greater than 2 feet (.61m) below the bottom of the members of the support system was allowed when there were indications while the trench was open of a possible loss of soil from behind or below the bottom of the support system:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHERE LOSS OF SOIL WAS OCCURRING)

2 29 CFR 1926.652(e)(2)(ii): Members of a support system were not closely

coordinated with the excavation of trenches:
(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, WHEN WAS THE INSTALLATION OF THE SUPPORT SYSTEM STARTED RELATIVE TO THE EXCAVATING OPERATION)

3 29 CFR 1926.652(f): Employees were permitted to work on the faces of sloped or benched excavations at levels above other employees when employees at the lower levels were not adequately protected from the hazard of falling, rolling, or sliding material or equipment:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, WHAT WERE THE EMPLOYEES WORKING ON THE FACE DOING, AND WHAT WERE THEY WORKING WITH THAT CREATED A HAZARD)

4 29 CFR 1926.652(g)(1)(i): Shield systems were subjected to loads exceeding those which the system was designed to withstand:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, WHAT WERE THE LOADS THE SHIELD SYSTEMS WERE SUBJECTED TO THAT EXCEEDED THOSE THE SYSTEM WAS DESIGNED TO WITHSTAND)

187.1

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.652(g)(1)(ii): Shields were not installed in a manner to restrict lateral or other hazardous movement of ;the shield in the event of the application of sudden lateral loads:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND HOW THE SHIELD WAS INSTALLED TO ALLOW LATERAL AND OTHER HAZARDOUS MOVEMENT)

2 29 CFR 1926.652(g((1)(iii): Employees were not protected from the hazard of cave-ins when entering or exiting the area protected by shields:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHAT WAS DIRECTION OF TRAVEL BY THE EMPLOYEES)

3 29 CFR 1926.652(g)(1)(iv): Employees were allowed in shields when shields were being installed, removed, or moved vertically:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, WHAT WAS BEING DONE WITH THE SHIELD WHILE EMPLOYEES WERE IN SHIELD)

OPTION 1 4 29 CFR 1926.652(g)(2): Excavations of earth material to a level no greater than 2 feet (.61m) below the bottom of a shield was permitted:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, WHAT INDICATED THAT SHIELD FAILED TO RESIST THE FORCES CALCULATED AND POSSIBLE LOSS OF SOIL FROM BEHIND THE SHIELD)

187.2

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 2 1 29 CFR 1926.652(g)(2): Excavation of material to a level no greater than 2 feet (.61m) below the bottom of a shield system was allowed when there were indications while the trench was open of a possible loss of soil from behind or below the bottom of the shield system:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY, AND WHERE LOSS OF SOIL WAS OCCURRING)

2 29 CFR 1926.701(a): Construction loads were placed on a concrete structure or portion of a concrete structure without the employer having determined, based on information received from a person who was qualified in structural design, that the structure or portion of the structure was capable of supporting the loads:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY WHAT CONSTITUTED THE LOADS AND THEIR WEIGHTS) (DESCRIBE OPERATIONS IN PROGRESS)

3 29 CFR 1926.701(b): All protruding reinforcing steel, onto and/or into which employees could fall or come against, was not guarded to the hazard of impalement:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (IDENTIFY HEIGHT OR WORK LOCATION OF PROTRUDING STEEL)

187.3

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.701(c)(1): Employees not essential to the post-tensioning operations were behind the jack during tensioning operations:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY ACTIVITIES OF THOSE NOT INVOLVED IN THE POST-TENSIONING OPERATIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.701(c)(2): Signs and barriers were not erected to limit employee access to the post-tensioning area during tensioning operations:

(a) (LOCATION) (IF APPROPRIATE, IDENTIFY WHAT WAS MISSING, SIGNS OR BARRIERS)

3 29 CFR 1926.701(d): Employees were permitted to ride concrete buckets:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY OPERATIONS AND EQUIPMENT)

4 29 CFR 1926.701(e)(1): Employees were permitted to work under concrete buckets while buckets were being elevated or lowered into position:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY OPERATIONS)

187.4

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.701(e)(2): To the extent practical, elevated concrete buckets were not routed so that no employee, or the fewest number of employees, were exposed to the hazards of falling concrete buckets:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY ACTIVITIES OF EXPOSED EMPLOYEES AND POSSIBLE ALTERNATE ROUTES OF TRAVEL)

3 29 CFR 1926.701(f)(1): Employee(s) were applying a cement, sand, and water mixture through a pneumatic hose and were not wearing protective head and face equipment:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY OPERATIONS) (DESCRIBE WHAT WAS LACKING)

4 29 CFR 1926.701(f)(2): Employee(s) working more than 6 feet (1.8m) above adjacent working surfaces were permitted to place or tie reinforcing steel, without the use of safety belt(s) or equivalent fall protection meeting the criteria of Subpart E of 29 CFR Part 1926:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY HEIGHT ABOVE ADJACENT SURFACE) (DESCRIBE ADJACENT SURFACE)

OPTION 1 5 29 CFR 1926.702(a)(1): Bulk cement storage bins, containers, and silos were not equipped with conical or tapered bottoms:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY FACILITY/EQUIPMENT INVOLVED AND DESCRIBE TYPE OF BOTTOM PROVIDED)

OPTION 2 6 29 CFR 1926.702(a)(1): Bulk cement storage bins, containers, and silos were not equipped with a mechanical or pneumatic means of starting the flow of material:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY FACILITY/EQUIPMENT AND MATERIAL INVOLVED) (HOW WAS THE MATERIAL STARTED?)

187.5

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.702(a)(2): Employee(s) entered bulk cement storage facilities without the ejection system being shut down, locked out, and tagged to indicate that the ejection system was not to be operated:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY WHAT ACTION(S) NOT TAKEN)

2 29 CFR 1926.702(b)(1): Concrete mixers with one cubic yard (.8m)3 or larger loading skips were not equipped with a mechanical device to clear the skip of materials.

(a) (LOCATIONS) (DESCRIBE HOW SKIP WAS CLEARED) (IDENTIFY HAZARD)

3 29 CFR 1926.702(b)(2): Concrete mixers with one cubic yard (8m)3 or larger loading skips were not equipped with guardrails installed on each side of the skip:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITION(S) (DESCRIBE WHAT WAS MISSING FROM SKIP)

4 29 CFR 1926.702(c): Manually guided powered and rotary-type concrete trawling machines were not equipped with control switches that would automatically shut off the power whenever the operator's hands were removed from the equipment handles:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY MACHINE(S) BY MANUFACTURER(S) AND SERIAL NUMBER(S))

5 29 CFR 1926.702(d): Concrete buggy handles extended beyond the wheels of the buggy:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY BUGGY BY MANUFACTURER, SIZE, COLOR, ETC.)

6 29 CFR 1926.702(e)(1): Discharge pipes for concrete pumping systems were not provided with pipe supports designed for 100 percent overload:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (DESCRIBE IF DESIGN IS DEFICIENT OR NONEXISTENT)

187.6

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.702(e)(2): Compressed air hoses used on concrete pumping system were not provided with positive fail-safe joint connectors to prevent separation of sections when pressurized:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.702(f)(1): Hydraulic or pneumatic gates of concrete buckets did not have positive safety latches or similar safety devices installed to prevent premature or accidental dumping:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.702(f)(2): Concrete buckets were not designed to prevent concrete from hanging up on top and the sides:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

4 29 CFR 1926.702(g): Sections of tremies and similar concrete conveyances were not secured with wire rope (or equivalent material) in addition to the regular couplings or connections:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

5 29 CFR 1926.702(h): Bull float handles, used where they might contact energized electrical conductors, were not constructed of nonconductive material or insulated with a nonconductive sheath whose electrical and mechanical characteristics provided the equivalent protection of a handle constructed of nonconductive material:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

6 29 CFR 1926.702(i)(1): Masonry saws were not guarded with a semicircular enclosure over the blade:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

187.7

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.702(i)(2): Semicircular enclosure over the blade of masonry saws was not designed with a method to retain blade fragments:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE DEFICIENCY OF ENCLOSURE)

2 29 CFR 1926.702(j)(1): Employees were permitted to perform maintenance or repair activity on equipment (such as compressors, mixers, screens, or pumps used for concrete and masonry construction activities) where the inadvertent operation of the equipment could occur and cause injury without all potentially hazardous energy sources being locked out and tagged:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OpERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

3 29 CFR 1926.702(j)(2): Tags for use in lockout/tagout procedures did not read "Do Not Start" or similar language to indicate that the equipment was not to be operated:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

4 29 CFR 1926.703(a)(1): Formwork was not designed, fabricated, erected, supported, braced and maintained so that it would be capable of supporting without failure all vertical and lateral loads that could reasonably be anticipated to be applied to the formwork:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (IDENTIFY ANTICIPATED LOADS) (IDENTIFY WHERE DEFICIENCY WAS IN DESIGN, FABRICATION, ERECTION, SUPPORT OR MAINTENANCE)

5 29 CFR 1926.703(a)(2): Drawings or plans, including all revisions, for the jack layout, formwork (including shoring equipment), working decks, and scaffolds were not available at the jobsite:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (IDENTIFY WHAT WAS NOT AVAILABLE)

187.8

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.703(b)(1): Shoring equipment (including equipment used in reshoring operations) was not inspected prior to erection to determine that the equipment met the requirements specified in the formwork drawings:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.703(b)(2): Shoring equipment found to be damaged such that its strength was reduced to less than that required by 29 CFR 1926.703(a)(1) was used for shoring:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.703(b)(3): Erected shoring equipment was not inspected immediately prior to, during, and immediately after concrete placement:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

4 29 CFR 1926.703(b)(4): Shoring equipment was not immediately reinforced to increase the strength to that required by 29 CFR 1926.703(a)(1), when it was found to be damaged or weakened after erection:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

5 29 CFR 1926.703(b)(5): The sills for shoring were not sound, rigid, and capable of carrying the maximum intended load:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

6 29 CFR 1926.703(b)(6): Base plates, shore heads, extension devices, and adjustment screws were not in firm contact, and secured when necessary, with the foundation and the form:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

187.9

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.703(b)(7): Shore heads and similar members were subjected to eccentric loading for which they had not been designed:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SOURCE OF ECCENTRIC LOADING)
NOTE: There is an exemption for members designed for such loads.

2 29 CFR 1926.703(b)(8): Tiered (single post shores used on top of one another) post shore systems did not meet the general requirements for formwork as set forth in 29 CFR 1926.703(a):

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY THE DESIGN, FABRICATION, ERECTION, SUPPORT, BRACING, AND/OR MAINTENANCE DEFICIENCIES IN THE SHORING SYSTEM)

3 29 CFR 1926.703(b)(8)(i): The design of the tiered (single post shores used on top of one another) post shore system was not prepared by a qualified designer and/or the erected shoring was not inspected by an engineer qualified in structural design:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY IF SHORING DESIGNER IS UNQUALIFIED OR IF SHORING SYSTEM INSPECTOR IS UNQUALIFIED OR IF BOTH ARE UNQUALIFIED)

4 29 CFR 1926.703(b)(8)(ii) : Tiered (single post shores used on top of one another) post shores were not vertically aligned:

(a) (LOCATIONS)

5 29 CFR 1926.703(b)(8)(iii): Tiered (single post shores used on top of one another) post shores were not spliced to prevent misalignment:

(a) (LOCATIONS)

187.10

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 8, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.703(b)(8)(iv): Tiered (single post shores used on top of one another) were not adequately braced in two mutually perpendicular directions at the splice level, and each tier was not diagonally braced in the same two directions:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY BRACING DEFICIENCIES)

2 29 CFR 1926.703(b)(9): Adjustment of the single post shores to raise the formwork was made after the placement of concrete:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY HAZARD)

3 29 CFR 1926.703(b)(10): Reshoring, when the concrete was required to support loads in excess of its capacity, was not erected as the original forms and shores were removed:

(a) (LOCATIONS)

4 29 CFR 1926.703(c)(1)(i) The steel rods or pipes on which vertical slip form jacks climb or by which the forms are lifted were not specifically designed for that purpose:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY IF DESIGN DEFICIENCY OR BRACING DEFICIENCY)

5 29 CFR 1926.703(c)(1)(ii): The steel rods or pipes on which vertical slip form jacks climb or by which the forms are lifted were not adequately braced where not encased in concrete:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY IF DESIGN DEFICIENCY OR BRACING DEFICIENCY)

6 29 CFR 1926.703(c)(2): Vertical slip forms were not designed to prevent excessive distortion of the structure during the jacking operation:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (DESCRIBE WHAT WAS WRONG WITH FORM)

187.11

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.703(c)(3): Vertical slip forms were not provided with scaffolds or work platforms where employees were required to work or pass:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (DESCRIBE WHAT WAS LACKING)

2 29 CFR 1926.703(c)(4): Jacks and vertical supports were not positioned in such a manner that the loads exceeded the rated capacity of the jacks:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY JACK AND/OR VERTICAL SUPPORT POSITIONING DEFICIENCIES)

3 29 CFR 1926.703(c)(5): Jacks or other lifting devices were not provided with mechanical dogs or other automatic holding devices to support the slip forms during failure of the power supply or lifting mechanism:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (DESCRIBE WHAT WAS LACKING)

4 29 CFR 1926.703(c)(6): The vertical slip form structure was not maintained within all design tolerances specified for plumbness during the jacking operation:

(a) (LOCATION)

5 29 CFR 1926.703(c)(7): The predetermined safe rate of lift for the vertical lift form structure was exceeded:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (DETERMINE WHAT SAFE RATE WAS EXCEEDED)

6 29 CFR 1926.703(d)(1): Reinforcing steel for walls, piers, columns, and similar vertical structures was not adequately supported to prevent overturning and to prevent collapse:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

187.12

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.703(d)(2): Measures were not taken to prevent unrolled wire mesh from recoiling

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.703(e)(1): Forms and shores for cast-in-place concrete were removed before a determination was made, based on either plans and specifications or proper tests, that the concrete had gained sufficient strength to support its weight and superimposed loads:

(a) (LOCATION) (WHEN APPROPRIATE, IDENTIFY DEFICIENCIES IN THE TEST USED)
NOTE: See exception - review 29 CFR 1926.703(e)(1)(i) and (e) (1) (ii) for determination of compliance.

3 29 CFR 1926.703(e)(2): Reshoring for cast-in-place concrete was removed before the concrete being supported had attained adequate strength to support its weight and all loads in place upon it:

(a) (LOCATION) (DESCRIBE ANY LOADS PLACED ON CONCRETE, IF APPROPRIATE)

4 29 CFR 1926.704(a): Precast concrete wall units, structural framing and tilt-up wall panels were not adequately supported to prevent overturning and to prevent collapse until permanent connections were completed:

(a) (LOCATION) (DESCRIBE HOW BRACING WAS NOT ADEQUATE, IF APPROPRIATE)

5 29 CFR 1926.704(b): Lifting inserts which were embedded or otherwise attached to tilt-up precast concrete members (wall panels) were not capable of supporting at least two times the maximum intended load applied or transmitted to them:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (SPECIFY MAXIMUM INTENDED LOAD)

187.13

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.704(c): Lifting inserts which were embedded or otherwise attached to precast concrete members, other than the tilt-up members, were not capable of supporting at least four times the maximum intended load applied or transmitted to them:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (SPECIFY MAXIMUM INTENDED LOAD)

2 29 CFR 1926.704(d): Lifting hardware for precast concrete members was not capable of supporting at least five times the maximum intended load applied or transmitted to the lifting hardware:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (DESCRIBE LIFTING HARDWARE) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (SPECIFY MAXIMUM INTENDED LOAD)

3 29 CFR 1926.704(e): Employees were permitted under precast concrete members while they were being lifted or tilted into position:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (IDENTIFY OPERATIONS AND CONDITIONS)
NOTE: The exception to this requirement are employees needed for the erection of those members.

4 29 CFR 1926.706(a)(1): A limited access zone was not established prior to the start of construction of a masonry wall:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (SPECIFY HEIGHT AND LENGTH OF WALL)

OPTION 1 5 29 CFR 1926.706(a)(2): The limited access zone for masonry construction was not equal to the height of the wall to be constructed plus four feet:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (SPECIFY HEIGHT AND DISTANCE OUTWARD OF THE ZONE WITH RELATIONSHIP TO WALL)

187.14

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 2 1 29 CFR 1926.706(a)(2): The limited access zone for masonry construction did not run the entire length of the wall:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (SPECIFY HEIGHT AND LENGTH OF ZONE WITH RELATIONSHIP TO LENGTH OF WALL)

2 29 CFR 1926.706(a)(3): The limited access zone for masonry construction was not established on the side of the wall which was unscaffolded:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (SPECIFY HEIGHT AND LENGTH OF WALL) (DESCRIBE WHAT EMPLOYEES NOT ENGAGED IN CONSTRUCTING THE WALL WERE DOING)

3 29 CFR 1926.706(a)(4): The limited access zone was not restricted to employees actively engaged in constructing the wall with no other employees permitted to enter the zone:

(a) (LOCATION) (SPECIFIC HEIGHT AND LENGTH OF WALL) (DESCRIBE WHAT THE EMPLOYEE(S) WERE DOING IF NOT ENGAGED IN THE WALL CONSTRUCTION)

OPTION 1 4 29 CFR 1926.706(a)(5): The limited access zone for masonry construction did not remain in place until the wall was adequately supported to prevent overturning and to prevent collapse.

(a) (LOCATION) (DESCRIBE WHAT, IF ANYTHING, WAS PROVIDED FOR SUPPORT)
NOTE: For wall 8 feet or less.

OPTION 2 5 29 CFR 1926.706(a)(5): The limited access zone for masonry construction, where the height of the wall was over eight feet, did not remain in place until the permanent supporting elements of the structure was in place:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (SPECIFY HEIGHT AND LENGTH OF WALL) (DESCRIBE ANY BRACING BEING USED)

187.15

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 AUG 6, 1990 Office General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.706(b): Masonry walls over eight feet in height were not adequately braced to prevent overturning and to prevent collapse until permanent supporting elements of the structure were in place:

(a) (LOCATIONS) (SPECIFY HEIGHT AND LENGTH OF WALL) (DESCRIBE ANY BRACING BEING USED AND WHY IT WAS NOT ADEQUATE)

2 29 CFR 1926.750(b)(1)(i): The derrick or erection floor, except for access openings, was not solidly planked or decked over with full size 2-inch thick undressed lumber laid tight and secured to prevent movement:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

3 29 CFR 1926.750(b)(1)(ii): On tiered buildings or structures not adaptable to temporary flooring and where scaffolds were not used, safety nets were not installed and maintained where the fall distance exceeded two stories or 25 feet:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

187.16

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 September 1, 1979 Office of Compliance programming

1 29 CFR 1926.750(b)(1)(iii): Temporary planked or temporary metal-decked floors of tier buildings or other mutifloored structures were not provided with a 1/2-inch wire rope railing or its equivalent, installed approximately 42 inches high around the periphery during structural steel assembly:

(a) (IDENTIFY LOCATION(S))

2 29 CFR 1926.750(b)(2)(i): During skeleton steel erection, a tightly planked and substantial floor was not maintained within 2 stories or 30 feet, whichever is less, below and directly under that portion of each tier of beams on which work was being performed:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

3 29 CFR 1926.751(d): Tag lines were not used for controlling loads while hoisting during structural steel assembly:

(a) (LOCATION)(IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

4 29 CFR 1926.752(d)(2): Turnbuckles used in plumbing up were not secured to prevent unwinding while under stress:

(a) (LOCATION)(IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DE SCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)
188


Archive Notice - OSHA Archive

NOTICE: This is an OSHA Archive Document, and may no longer represent OSHA Policy. It is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only.