• Record Type:
    OSHA Instruction
  • Current Directive Number:
    CPL 02-00-034
  • Old Directive Number:
    CPL 2.34 CH-6
  • Title:
    Changes to the Construction Standard Alleged Violation Elements (SAVES) Manaul
  • Information Date:
  • Standard Number:
Archive Notice - OSHA Archive

NOTICE: This is an OSHA Archive Document, and may no longer represent OSHA Policy. It is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only.

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 July 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

Subject: Changes to the Construction Standard Alleged Violation Elements (SAVEs) Manual

A. Purpose. This instruction transmits page changes to the Construction SAVEs Manual which revise and relocate the existing SAVEs for Ladders from 29 CFR 1926, Subpart L; and for Stairs from 29 CFR 1926, Subpart M, into the 29 CFR 1926, new Subpart X--Stairways and Ladders.

B. Scope. This instruction applies OSHA-wide.

C. Action. Regional Administrators and Area Directors shall ensure that all compliance personnel:

1. Make the following page changes to the Construction SAVEs Manual:
Remove Pages Insert Pages
110.41-110.42 110.41-110.42

111-116 Reserved for Future Use

117-118 117 through 118

119-140 Reserved for Future Use

141-145 141 through 145

146-150 Reserved for Future Use

169-170 169 through 170

239 239 through 277
2. File a copy of this transmittal sheet behind OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-5 in the appropriate OSHA Directives System binder.

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 July 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

D. Background. Final Rule, Safety Standards for Stairways and Ladders Used in the Construction Industry, was published in the Federal Register, Vol. 55, No.220, on November 14, 1990.

E. State Plan States. Regional Administrators shall advise State designees of the action required by this instruction and encourage their participation in the SAVEs program.

Patricia K. Clark, Director Directorate of Compliance Programs

DISTRIBUTION: National, Regional, and Area Offices Compliance Officers State Designees Area Office Clericals 11(c)/405 Programs NIOSH Regional Program Directors

2

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 July 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.441(b)(2): Battery charging apparatus was not protected from damage by trucks:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 2 29 CFR 1926.441(b)(3): When batteries were being charged, the vent caps were not kept in place to avoid electrolyte spray:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 3 29 CFR 1926.441(b)(3): Battery vent caps were not maintained in functioning condition:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

110.41

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-3 June 15, 1987 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.450(a)(5), Section 4.1.3. of American National Standard Institute A14.3-1956, As adopted by 29 CFR 1926.450(a)(5): The minimum clear length of rungs or cleats of a fixed ladder was less than 16 inches:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC EQUIPMENT AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926.450(a)(5), Section 5.6 of American National Standard Institute A14.3-1956, As adopted by 29 CFR 1926.450(a)(5): The step-across distance from the nearest edge of a fixed ladder to the nearest edge of equipment or structure was greated than 12 inches:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC EQUIPMENT AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY)

OPTION 3 3 29 CFR 1926.450(a)(5), Section 5.6 of American National Standard Institute A14.3-1956, As adopted by 29 CFR 1926.450(a)(5): The step-across distance from the nearest edge of a fixed ladder to the nearest edge of equipment or structure was less than 2 1/2 inches:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC EQUIPMENT AND/OR CONDITIONS) (DESCRIBE HAZARDS WHERE NECESSARY)

110.42

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 July 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

Pages 111-116 are removed

(Reserved for Future Use)

111

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.451(a)(2): The footing or anchorage for scaffolds was not sound, rigid, and capable of carrying the maximum intended load without settling or displacement:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926.451(a)(2): Unstable objects were used to support scaffolds or planks:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.451(a)(4): Standard guardrails and toeboards were not installed on all open sides and ends of platforms more than 10 feet above the ground or floor:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.451(a)(4): Standard guardrails were not installed on all open sides and ends of platform (s) on scaffolds 4 to 10 feet in height having a minimum horizontal dimension in either direction of less than 45 inches:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: Do not cite if there is a guardrail requirement in the standard for a specific type of scaffold being used.

117

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 2 1 29 CFR 1926.500(d)(2): Toeboards were not provided on each exposed side of runways where tools, machine parts, or materials were likely to be used:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.500(d)(5): Standard railing(s) and toeboard(s) were not provided on open-sided floor(s), walkway(s), or runway(s), adjacent to or above dangerous equipment:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.500(f)(1): Guardrails did not consist of top rail, intermediate rail, toeboard, and posts, and did not have a vertical height of approximately 42 inches from upper surface of top rail to floor, platform, runway, or ramp level:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.500(f)(1): The top of guardrails was not smoothsurfaceed throughout the length of the railing:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

118

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

Pages 119-140 are removed

(Reserved for Future Use)

119

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 3 1 29 CFR 1926.550(f)(1): The intermediate rail of guardrails was not halfway between the top rail and the floor, platform, runway or ramp.

OPTION 4 2 29 CFR 1926.500(f)(1): The ends of the rails overhung the terminal posts and constituted a projection hazard:

          (a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR
                        CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.500(f)(1)(i): The posts of wood railings were not at least 2-inch by 4-inch stock with spacing not exceeding 8 feet:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.500(f)(1)(i): The spacing of wood railing posts exceeded 8 feet:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

141

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.500(f)(1)(iv): The anchoring of posts and framing of members for railings was not of such construction that the completed structure was capable of withstanding a load of at least 200 pounds applied in any direction at any point on the top rail with a minimum of deflection:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.500(f)(3)(ii): Paneling or screening from floor to intermediate rail or to top rail was not provided where material was piled to such height that standard toeboard(s) did not provide protection:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

142

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.500(f)(5)(ii): Floor opening covers were not capable of supporting the maximum intended load and so installed as to prevent accidental displacement:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.500(f)(6): Skylight openings that created a falling hazard were not guarded with a standard railing, or covered:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

143

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.550(a)(1): The employer did not comply with the manufacturer's specifications and limtations applicable to the operation of crane(s) or derrick(s):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (IDENTIFY TYPE OF EQUIPMENT)

OPTION 1 2 29 CFR 1926.550(a)(2): Rated load capacities, recommended operating speeds, special hazard warnings, or instructions, were not conspicously posted on equipment:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

OPTION 2 3 29 CFR 1926.550(a)(2): Instructions or warnings were not posted on equipment so as to be visible to the operator while he is at his control station:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

144

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.550(a)(4): Illustrations of the prescribed hand signals for the types of equipment in use were not posted at the job site:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926.550(a)(4): Hand signals to crane or derrick operator(s) were not those prescribe by the applicable ANSI Standard for the type of crane or derrick in use:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.550(a)(5): A competent person was not designated by the employer to inspect all cranes or derricks:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

145

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

Pages 146-150 are removed (Reserved for Future Use)

146

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 September 1, 1979 Office of Compliance Programming

1 29 CFR 1926.601(b)(14): All defects were not corrected before motor vehicle(s) were placed in service:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY VEHICLE) (DESCRIBE DEFECT)
NOTE: CSHO SHOULD DOCUMENT IN THE FILES HOW LONG DEFECT HAS EXISTED AND IF IT HAD BEEN DETECTED PRIOR TO THE SHIFT.

2 29 CFR 1926.602(a)(2)(i): Material handling equipment with roll-over protective structures or adequate canopy protection was not provided with seat belts:

(a) (LOCATION)(IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR EQUIPMENT, INCLUDING SERIAL NUMBER, MODEL, ETC.)(KIND OF WORK BEING DONE)
NOTE: DO NOT CITE IF EQUIPMENT WAS DESIGNED ONLY FOR STANDUP OPERATION.

Lb04 3 29 CFR 1926.602(a)(9)(i): Bidirectional machine(s) were not equipped with an operable horn, distinguishable from the surrounding noise level:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY MACHINE, SUCH AS ROLLERS, COMPACTORS, FRONT AND LOADERS, BULLDOZERS, OR SIMILAR EQUIPMENT) (DESCRIBE IF HORN WAS PROVIDED, DISTINGUISHABLE FROM SURROUNDING NOISE LEVEL, OR IF NOT IN OPERATIVE CONDITION)

169

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.602(a)(9)(ii): Earth moving or compacting equipment which had an obstruction view to the rear was operated in reverse gear; such equipment did not have in operation a reverse signal alarm distinguishable from the | surrounding noise level nor did an assistant signal that | it was safe to operate in reverse gear:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT, INCLUDING SERIAL NUMBER, MODEL, AND WORK BEING ACCOMPLISHED)

2 29 CFR 1926.602(c)(1)(i): Lifting and hauling equipment did not have the rated capacity clearly posted on the vehicle so as to be clearly visible to the operator:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY CONDITIONS SUCH AS NOT MEETING THE POSTING OR NOT VISIBLE) (IDENTIFY EQUIPMENT)
NOTE: Do not use on equipment covered under Subpart N cranes, derricks, hoist, elevators and conveyors.

170

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 September 1, 1979 Office of Compliance Programming

1 29 CFR 1926.1000(c)(1): Material handling equipment manufactured or placed in service prior to September 1, 1972, and after was not fitted with rollover protective structure.

(a) (LOCATION)(IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITION(S))(DESCRIBE HAZARD(S) WHERE NECESSARY)

239

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.1051(a): Stairways or ladders were not provided at all personnel points of access where there was a break in elevation of 19 inches (48 cm) or more, and no ramp, runway, sloped embankment, or personnel hoist was provided:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.1051(a)(1): Employees used a spiral stairway that was not to be a permanent part of the structure on which construction work was being performed:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.1051(a)(2): A double-cleated ladder or two or more separate ladders were not provided when ladders were the only means of access or exit from a working area for 25 or more employees:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.1051(a)(2): A double-cleated ladder or two or more separate ladders were not provided when a ladder was to serve simultaneous two-way traffic:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITION(S)

240

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.1051(a)(3): A building or structure had only one point of access between levels and that point of access was not kept clear to permit free passage of employees:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926.1051(a)(3): A second point of access was not provided and used where a building or structure had only one point of access between levels and free passage at that point of access was restricted as a result of work that must be performed or equipment that must be used:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.1051(a)(4): A building or structure had two or more points of access between levels and at least one point of access was not kept clear to permit free passage of employees.

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

4 29 CFR 1926.1051(b): The employer did not provide and install all stairway and ladder fall protection systems required by Subpart X and which complied with the other pertinent requirements of Subpart X before employees began the work that necessitated the installation and use of stairways, ladders, and their respective fall protection systems:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

241

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.1052(a)(1): Stairways that would not be a permanent part of the structure on which construction work was being performed did not have landings of not less that 30 inches (76 cm) in the direction of travel and extend at least 22 inches (56 cm) in width at every 12 feet (3.7 m) or less of vertical rise:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.1052(a)(2): Stairs were not installed between 30 degrees and 50 degrees from horizontal:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.1052(a)(3): Riser height and tread depth were not uniform within each flight of stairs, including any foundation structure used as one or more treads of the stairs:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.1052(a)(3): Variations in riser height or tread depth exceeded 1/4-inch (0.6 cm) within a stairway system:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 5 29 CFR 1926.1052(a)(4): A platform was not provided where a door or a gate opened directly on a stairway:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

242

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 2 1 29 CFR 1926.1052(a)(4): The swing of the door or gate which opened directly on a stairway reduced the effective width of the platform to less than 20 inches (51 cm):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.1052(a)(5): Metal pan landings and metal pan treads were not secured in place before filling with concrete or other material:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.1052(a)(6): All parts of stairways were not free of protruding projections:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

4 29 CFR 1926.1052(a)(7): Slippery conditions on stairways were not eliminated before the stairways were used to reach other levels:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 5 29 CFR 1926.1052(b)(1): Where the treads and/or landings of pan stairs were to be filled in with concrete or other material at a later date, foot traffic was not prohibited on the stairway:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: Not to be cited when stairway is under construction or where the stairs have been fitted with wood or other slid material at least to the top of each pan.

243

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 2 1 29 CFR 1926.1052(b)(1): Temporary treads and landings used for pan stairs where the treads and/or landings were to be filled in with concrete or other solid material at a later date, were worn below the level of the top edge of the pan and had not been placed:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926,1052(b)(2): Skeleton metal stairs where permanent treads and/or landings were to be installed at a later date, were not fitted with secured temporary treads and landings long enough to cover the entire tread and/or landing area and foot traffic was not prohibited on the stairway:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: Obviously not to be cited when the stairway is under construction.

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.1052(b)(3): Treads for temporary stairway service were not made of wood or other solid material:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.1052(b)(3): Treads for temporary stairway service were not installed the full width and depth of the stair:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

244

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.1052(C)(1): Stairways having fouror more risers or rising more than 30 inches (76 cm), whichever is less, were not equipped with one handrail and one stairrail system along each unprotected side or edge:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: See 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(7) when the top edge of a stairrail system also serves as a handrail reference from Building Officials Conference of America (BOCA).

2 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(2): Winding and spiral stairways were not equipped with a handrail offset sufficiently to prevent walking on those portions of the stairways where the tread width was less than 6 inches (15 cm):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(3)(i): The height of stairrails installed after March 15, 1991, was less than 36 inches (91.5 cm) from the upper surface of the stairrail system to the surface of thread, in line with the face of the riser at the forward edge of the tread:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

245

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.1052(3)(ii): The height of stairrails installed before march 15, 1991, was less than 30 inches (76 cm) from the upper surface of the stairrail system to the surface of the tread, in line with the face of the riser at the forward edge of the tread:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: Although 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(3)(ii) sets height limits of 30" - 34" for stairways installed before March 15, 1991, no citation should be issued for such rails if they are 36" maximum with reference to 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(3)(i).

2 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(4): Midrails, screens, mesh, intermediate vertical members, or equivalent intermediate structural members were not provided between the top rail of the stairrail system and the stairway steps:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(4)(i): Midrails used in stairrail systems were no located at a height midway between the top edge of the stairrail system and the stairway steps:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

4 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(4)(ii): Screens of mesh used in stairrail systems did not extend from the top rail to the stairway step and along the entire opening between to rail supports:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

246

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(4)(iii): Intermediate vertical members, such as balusters, used in stairrail systems between posts were more than 19 inches (48 cm) apart:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) 2 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(4)(iv): Structural members in stairrail systems were not installed such that there were no openings in the stairrail system that were more than 19 inches (48 cm) wide:
(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(5): Handrails and the top rails of stairrail systems were not capable of withstanding, with failure, a force of at least 200 pounds (890 n) applied within 2 inches (5 cm) of the top edge, in any downward or outward direction, at every point along the top edge:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 4 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(6): The height of handrails was less than 30 inches (76 cm) from the upper surface of the handrail to the surface of the tread, in line with the face of the riser at the forward edge of the tread:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 5 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(6): The height of handrails was more than 37 inches (94 cm) from the upper surface of the handrail to the surface of the tread, in line with the face of the riser at the forward edge of the tread:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

247

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(7): The top edge of a stairrail system served as a handrail and the height of the top edge was more than 37 inches (94 cm) from the upper surface of the stairrail system to the surface of the tread, in line with the face of the riser at the forward edge of the tread:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(7): The top edge of a stairrail system served as a handrail and the height of the top edge was less than 36 inches (91.5 cm) from the upper surface of the stairrail system to the surface of the tread, in line with the face of the riser at the forward edge of the tread:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(8): Stairrail systems and handrails were not so surfaced as to prevent injury to employees from punctures or lacerations, and to prevent snagging of clothing:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

4 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(9): Handrails for stairways did not provide adequate handhold for employees grasping them to avoid falling:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

5 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(10): The ends of stairrail systems and handrails were not constructed so as not to constitute a projection hazard:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

248

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(11): Handrails that would not be a permanent part of the structure being build did not have a minimum clearance of 3 inches (8 cm) between the handrail and walls, stairrail systems, and other objects:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.1052(c)(12): Unprotected sisdes and edges od stairway landings were not provided with guardrail systems which met the criteria contained in Supart M of 29 CFR 1926:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS) (IDENTIFY AND SPECIFIY SPECIFIC SECTION OF SUBPART M NOT COMPLIED WITH)
NOTE: Guarding of landings whether stairways or ladders are being maintained under Subpart M.

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(1)(i): Self-supporting portable ladders were not capable of supporting, without failure, at least four times the maximum intended load:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: Standard also applies to job-made ladders.

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(1)(i): Extra-heavy-duty type 1A metal or plastic self-supporting portable ladders were not capable of supporting, without failure, at least 3.3 times the maximum intended load:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

249

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(1)(ii): Portable ladders that were not self-supporting, without failure, at least four times the maximum intended load:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: Standard also applies to job-made ladders.

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(1)(ii): Extra-heavy-duty type 1A or plastic portable ladders that were not self-supporting were not capable of supporting without failure at least 3.3 times the maximum intended load:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(1)(iii): Fixed ladders were not capable of supporting, without failure, at least two loads of 250 pounds (114 kg) each, concentrated between any two consecutive attachments, plus anticipated loads caused by ice buildup, winds, rigging, and impact loads resulting from the use of ladder safety devices:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(1)(iii): Each step or rung of a fixed ladder was not capable of supporting a single concentrated load of at least 250 pounds (114 kg) applied in the middle of the step or rung:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

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OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(2): Ladder rungs, cleats, and steps were not parallel, level, and uniformly spaced when the ladder was in position for use:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: Standard also applies to job-made ladders.

OPTION 1 2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(3)(i): Rungs, cleats, and steps of portable ladders were spaced less than 10 inches (25 cm) apart, as measured along the ladder's side rails:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
Note: Does not apply to step stools or to extension trestle ladders.

OPTION 2 3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(3)(i): Rungs, cleats, and steps of fixed ladders were spaced less than 10 inches (25 cm) apart, as measured along the ladder's side rails:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 4 4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(3)(i): Rungs, cleats, and steps of fixed ladders were spaced more than 14 inches (36 cm) apart, as measured along the ladder's side rails:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

251

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(3)(ii): Rungs, cleats, and steps of step stools were less than 8 inches (20 cm) apart, as measured between center lines of the rungs, cleats, and steps:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(3)(ii): Rungs, cleats, and steps of the base section of extension trestle ladders were less than 8 inches (20 cm) apart, as measured between center lines of the rungs, cleats, and steps:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(3)(iii): Rungs, cleats, and steps of the base section of extension trestle ladders were less than 8 inches (20 cm) apart, as measured between center lines of the rungs, cleats, and steps:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(3)(iii): Rungs, cleats, and steps of the base section of extension trestle ladders were more than 12 inches (46 cm) apart, as measured between center lines of the rungs, cleats, and steps:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

252

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 3 1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(3)(iii): The rung spacing on the expansion section of extension trestle ladders was less than 6 inches (15 cm):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 4 2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(3)(iii): The rung spacing on the extension section of extension trestle ladders was more than 12 inches (31 cm):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(4)(i): The minimum clear distance between the sides of individual-rung/step ladders was less than 16 inches (41 cm):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(4)(i): The clear distance between the side rails of fixed ladders was less than 16 inches (41 cm):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

5 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(4)(ii): The clear distance between the side rails of portable ladders was less than 11 1/2 inches (29 cm):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

253

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(5): The rungs of individual- rung/step ladders were not shaped such that employees' feet could not slide off the end of the rungs:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(6)(i): The rungs and steps of fixed metal ladders manufactured after March 15, 1991, were not corrugated, knurled, dimpled, coated with skid-resistant material or otherwise treated to minimize slipping:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(6)(ii): The rungs and steps of portable metal ladders were not corrugated, knurled, dimpled, coated with skid-resistant material or otherwise treated to minimize slipping:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(7): Ladders not designed for such use were tied or fastened together to provide longer sections:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

5 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(8): A metal spreader or locking device was not provided on each stepladder to hold the front and back sections in an open position when the ladder was being used:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

254

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(9): The side rails of ladders were spliced and the strength of the resulting side rail was not at least equivalent to a one-piece side rail made of the same material:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(10): Two or more separate ladders were used to reach an elevated work area and the ladders were not offset with a platform or landing between the ladders:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: Review this standard for an exception.
NOTE: Subpart M shall be cited if violations exist concerning the guardrail system or overhead protection on the platforms or landings.

3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(11): Ladder components were not surfaced so as to prevent injury to employees from punctures or lacerations, and to prevent snagging of clothing:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(12): Wood ladders were coated with an opaque covering:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: Identification or warning labels are permitted if placed on one face only of side rail.

255

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(13): The perpendicular clearance between fixed ladder rugs, cleats, and step, and any obstruction behind the ladder was less than 7 inches (18 cm):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: For elevator pit ladders review exception to this requirement.

2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(14): The minimum perpendicular clearance between the centerline of fixed ladder rungs, cleats, and steps, and any obstruction on the climbing side of the ladder was less than 30 inches (76 cm):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: Review exception in 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(15).

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(15): The minimum perpendicular clearance between the centerline of fixed ladder rungs, cleats, and steps, and the unavoidable obstruction on the climbing side of the ladder was less than 24 inches (61 cm):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

256

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 2 1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(15): The perpendicular clearance between the center line of fixed ladder rungs, cleats, and steps, and the unavoidable obstruction on the climbing side of the ladder was reduce to 24 inches (61 cm) and a deflection device was not installed to guide employees around the obstruction:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(16): Through fixed ladders at their point of access/egress had a step-across distance of less than 7 inches (18 cm) as measured from the centerline of the steps or rungs to the nearest edge of the landing area:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(16): The normal step-across distance for through fixed ladders at their point of access/egress exceeded 12 inches (30 cm) and a landing platform was not provided with a step-across distance of not less than 7 inches (18 cm) nor more than 12 inches (30 cm) as measures from the centerline of the steps or rungs to the nearest edge of the landing area:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(17): Fixed ladders without cages or wells did not have a clear width to the nearest permanent object of at least 15 inches (38 cm) on each side of the centerline of the ladder:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

257

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(18): The length of climb on a fixed ladder was less than 24 feet (7.3 m) but the top of the ladder was at a distance greater than 24 feet (7.3 m) above lower levels and the ladder was not provided with cages, wells, ladder safety devices, or self-devices, or self-retracting lifelines:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(19): The total length of a climb on a fixed ladder equaled or exceeded 24 feet (7.3 m) and the fixed ladder was not equipped with: (i) ladder safety devices; or (ii) self-retracting lifelines, and rest platforms at intervals less than 150 feet (45.7 m) or (iii) a cage or well, and multiple ladder sections, each ladder section less than 50 feet (15.2 m) in length:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(19)(ii): Fixed ladders were equipped with self-retracting lifelines for fall protection, did not have rest platforms installed at intervals of less than 150 feet (45.7 m):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(19)(iii): Fixed ladders provided with cages or wells, with multiple ladder sections had ladder sections which exceeded 50 feet (15.2 m) in length:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

258

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OPTION 2 1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(19)(iii): Fixed ladders provided with cages or wells for fall protection and the multiple ladder sections had ladder sections which were not offset from adjacent sections:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 3 2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(19)(iii): Fixed ladders provided with cages or wells for fall protection, and multiple ladder sections, had landing platforms provided at intervals of greater than 50 feet (15.2 m):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(20)(i): Horizontal bands on cages for fixed ladders were not fastened to the side rails of rail ladders, or directly to the structure, building, or equipment for individual-rung ladders:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(20)(ii): Vertical bars on cages for fixed ladders were not placed on the inside of the horizontal bands and fastened to them:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 5 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(20)(iii): Cages for fixed ladders extended less than 27 inches (68 cm) from the centerline of the step or rung:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

259

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

OPTION 2 1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(20)(iii): Cages for fixed ladders extended more than 30 inches (76 cm) from the centerline of the step or rung:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
Note: This measurement excludes the flare at the bottom of the cage.

OPTION 3 2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(20)(iii): Cages for fixed ladders were less than 27 inches (68 cm) in width:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(20)(iv): The inside of cages for fixed ladders were not clear of projections:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(20)(v): Horizontal bands on cages for fixed ladders were spaced more than 4 feet (1.2 m) on center vertically:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

5 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(20)(vi): Vertical bars on cages for fixed ladders were spaced at intervals more than 9 1/2 inches (24 cm) on center:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

260

OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(20)(vii): The bottom of the cage for fixed ladders was at a level less than 7 feet (2.1 m) above the point of access to the bottom of the ladder:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926. 1053(a)(20)(vii): The bottom of the cage for fixed ladders was at a level more than 8 feet (2.4 m) above the point of access to the bottom of the ladder:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 3 3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(20)(vii): The bottom of the cage for fixed ladders was not flared at least 4 inches (10 cm) all around within the distance between the bottom horizontal band and the next higher band:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(20)(viii): The top of the cage for fixed ladders was not 42 inches (1.1 m) above the top of the platform, or the point of access at the top of the ladder:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 5 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(20)(viii): The top of the cage for fixed ladders did not have provision for access to the platform or other point of access:

(a) (LOCATI0N) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

261

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1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(21)(i): Wells for fixed ladders did not completely encircle the ladder:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(21)(ii): Wells for fixed were not free of projections:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(21)(iii): The inside face of wells on the climbing side of fixed ladders did not extend 27 inches (68 cm) from the centerline of the step or rung:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(21)(iii): The inside face of wells on the climbing side of fixed ladders extended more than 30 inches (76 cm) from the centerline of the step or rung:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

5 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(21)(iv): The inside clear width of wells for fixed ladders was not at least 30 inches (76 cm):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

262

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OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(21)(v): The bottom of the wall on the access side of fixed ladders did not start at a level at least 7 feet (2.1 m) above the point of access to the bottom of the ladder:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(21)(v): The bottom of the wall on the access side of fixed ladders started at a level more than 8 feet (2.4 m) above the point of access to the bottom of the ladder:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(22)(i): Ladder safety devices and related support systems for fixed ladders were not capable of withstanding without failure a drop test consisting of an 18-inch (41 cm) drop of a 500-pound (226 kg) weight:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(22)(ii): Ladder safety devices and related support systems for fixed ladders did not permit the employee using the device to ascend or descend without continually having to hold, push or pull any part of the device, leaving both hands free for climbing:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

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OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(22)(iii): Ladder safety devices and related support systems for fixed ladders would not activate within 2 feet (.61 m) after a fall occurrs, and did not limit the descending velocity of an employee to 7 feet/sec.) or less:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(22)(iv): The connection between the carrier or lifeline and the point of attachment to the body belt or harness of ladder safety devices for fixed ladders exceeded 9 inches (23 cm) in length:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(23)(i): The mountings for rigid carriers of ladder safety devices for fixed ladders were not attached at each end of the carrier, with intermediate mountings, as necessary, spaced along the entire length of the carrier, to provide the strength necessary to stop employees' falls:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(23)(ii): The mountings for flexible carriers of ladder safety devices for fixed ladders were not attached at each end of the carrier:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

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OPTION 2 1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(23)(ii): When flexible carriers of ladder safety devices for fixed ladders were exposed to wind, cable guides for the flexible carriers were not installed at a minimum spacing of 25 feet (7.6 m) and maximum spacing of 40 feet (12.2 m) along the entire length of the carrier:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(23)(iii): The design and installation of mountings and cable guides of ladder safety devices for fixed ladders reduced the design strength of the ladder:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(24): The side rails of through or side-step fixed ladders did not extend 42 inches (1.1 m) above the top of the access level or landing platform served by the ladder:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(24): The side rails of through or side-step fixed parapet ladders, where the parapet was cut to permit, passage through the parapet, did not extend 42 inches (1.1 m) above the top of the access level (roof):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

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OPTION 3 1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(24): The side rails of through or side-step fixed parapet ladders, where the parapet was continuous, did not extend 42 inches (1.1 m) above the top of the access level (parapet):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(25): The steps or rungs were not omitted from fixed-ladder extensions to provide step through access to landing and the extension of the side rails provided were not less than 24 inches (61 cm) nor more than 30 inches (76 cm) clearance between the side rails:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 3 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(25): The extension of the side rails for through-fixed-ladder extensions was not flared to provide clearance between the side rails:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 3 4 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(25): For through-fixed-ladder extensions, where ladder safety devices were provided, the maximum clearance between side rails of the extensions exceeded 36 inches (91 cm):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

266

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1 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(26): The side rails and the steps or rungs for side-step fixed ladders were not continuous in the extensions:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.1053(a)(27): Individual-rung/step ladders did not extend at least 42 inches (1.1 m) above the access level or landing platform either by the continuation of the rung spacings as horizontal grab bars or by providing vertical grab bars that had the same lateral spacing as the vertical legs of the rungs:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(1): Portable ladders were used for access to an upper landing surface and the ladder side rails did not extend at least 3 feet (.9 m) above the upper landing surface to which the ladder was used to gain access:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(1): Because of the portable ladder's length, the ladder side rails did not extend to at least 3 feet (.9 m) above the upper landing surface to which the ladder was used to gain access and the ladder was not secured at its top to a rigid support, and a grasping device, such as a grabrail, was not provided to assist the employees in mounting and dismounting the ladder:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

267

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OPTION 3 1 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(1): Ladder extension was as such that ladder deflection under a load, did by itself, cause the ladder to slip off it's support:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(2): Ladders were not maintained free of oil, grease, and other slipping hazards:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATION(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 3 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(3): Ladders were loaded beyond the maximum intended load for which they are built:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 2 4 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(3): Ladders were loaded beyond their manufacturer's rated capacity:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

5 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(4): Ladders were used for purposes other than the purposes for which they were designed:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
268

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1 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(5)(1): Non-self-supporting ladders were not used at an angle such than the horizontal distance from the top support to the foot of the ladder way approximately one-quarter of the working length of the ladder (the distance along the ladder between the foot and top support):

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(5)(ii): Wood job-made ladders with spliced side rails were not used at an angle such that the horizontal distance was one-eighth the working length of the ladder:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: The distance along the ladder between the foot and the top support.

3 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(5)(iii): Fixed ladders were used at a pitch greater than 90 degrees from the horizontal, as measured to the back side of the ladder:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

4 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(6): Ladders were used on surfaces which were not stable and level:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: Review exception for ladder which have been secured against accidental displacement.

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OPTION 1 1 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(7): Ladders were used on slippery surfaces:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: Review exception for ladder which are secured or provided with slip-resistant feet.

OPTION 2 2 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(7): Care was not exercised in placing, lashing, or holding a ladder with slip-resistant feet that was used upon slippery surfaces including, but not limited to, flat metal or concrete surfaces that were constructed so they could not be prevented from becoming slippery:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(8): Ladders placed in a location where they could be displaced by workplace activities or traffic, such as in passageways, doorways, or driveways, were not secured to prevent accidental displacement, nor was a barricade used to keep the activities or traffic away from the ladder:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

4 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(9): The area around the top and bottom of ladders was not kept clear:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

270

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1 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(10): The tops of a non-self- supporting ladder were not placed with the two rails supported equally:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: Review exception for ladder equipped with a single support attachment.

2 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(11): Ladders were moved, shifted, or extended while occupied:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(12): Ladders used where the employee or the ladder could contact exposed energized electrical equipment did not have nonconductive siderails:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: Review 29 CFR 1926.951(c)(1) for exceptions.

4 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(13): The top or step of a stepladder was used as a step:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

271

OSHA Instruction CPL 2.34 CH-6 JUL 15, 1991 Office of General Industry Compliance Assistance

1 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(14): Cross-bracing on the rear section of stepladders, not designed and provided with steps for climbing on both front and rear sections, was used for climbing:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS) NOTE: Review exception for ladders designed and provided with steps for climbing on both front and rear sections.

2 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(15): Ladders were not inspected by a competent person for visible defects on a periodic basis and after an occurrence that could affect their safe use:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: See 29 CFR 1926.32(f) for definition of "competent person."

3 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(16): Portable ladders with structural defects, such as, but not limited to, broken or missing rungs, cleats, or steps, broken or split rails, corroded components, or other faulty or defective components, were not either immediately marked in a manner that readily identified them as defective, or tagged with "Do Not Use" or similar language, and were not withdrawn from service until repaired:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

272

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1 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(17): Fixed ladders with structural defects, such as, but not limited to, broken or missing rungs, cleats, or steps, broken or split rails, or corroded components, were not withdrawn from service until repaired:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: Review 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(17)(i) through (iii) to determine what will satisfy the requirement of withdrawing from service.

2 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(18): Ladder repairs did not restore the ladder to a condition meeting its original design criteria, before the ladder was returned to use:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(19): Single-rail ladders were being used:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

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1 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(20): Employees were not facing the ladder when ascending or descending the ladder:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

2 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(21): Each employee was not grasping the ladder with at least one hand when progressing up and/or down the ladder:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

3 29 CFR 1926.1053(b)(22): Employees using ladders were carrying objects or loads that could cause them to lose balance and fall:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)

OPTION 1 4 29 CFR 1926.1060(a): The employer did not provide a training program for each employee using ladders and stairways which would train each employee in the procedures to be followed to minimize hazards related to ladders and stairways:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: You may wish to cite 29 CFR 1926.21(b)(2) as an additional violation to support this requirement.

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OPTION 2 1 29 CFR 1926.1060(a): The employer did not provide a training program for each employee using ladders and stairways which would train each employee in the procedures to be followed to minimize harzards related to ladders and stairways:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS(S) AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: You may wish to cite 29 CFR 1926.21(b)(2) as an additional violation to support this requirement.

2 29 CFR 1926.1060(a)(1)(i): The employer did not ensure that each employee had been trained by a competent person in the nature of fall hazaeds in the work area:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: You may wish to cite 29 CFR 1926.21(b)(2) as an additional violation to support this requirement. See 29 CFR 1926.32(f) for definition of "competent person.

3 29 CFR 1926.1060(a)(1)(ii): The employer did not ensure that each employee using ladders and stairways had been trained by a competent person in the correct procedures for erecting, maintaining, and disassembling the fall protection systems to be used:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: You may wish to cite 29 CFR 1926.21(b)(2) as an additional violation to support this requirement. See 29 CFR 1926.32(f) for definition of "competent person.

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1 29 CFR 1926.1060(a)(1)(iii): The employer did not ensure that each employee using ladders and stairways had been trained by a competent person in the proper construction, use, placement, and care in handling of all stairways and ladders:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SOECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: You may wish to cite 29 CFR 1926.21(b)(2) as an additional violation to support this requirement. See 29 CFR 1926.32(f) for definition of "competent person.

2 29 CFR 1926.1060(a)(1)(iv): The employer did not ensure that each employee using ladders and stairways had been trained by a competent person in the maximum intended load-carrying capacities of ladders used:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: You may wish to cite 29 CFR 1926.21(b)(2) as an additional violation to support this requirement. See 29 CFR 1926.32(f) for definition of "competent person.

3 29 CFR 1926.1060(a)(1)(v): The employer did not ensure that each employee using ladders and stairways had been trained by a competent person in the standards contained in Subpart X:

(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: You may wish to cite 29 CFR 1926.21(b)(2) as an additional violation to support this requirement. See 29 CFR 1926.32(f) for definition of "competent person.

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29 CFR 1926.1060(b): The employer did not provide retraining as necessary for each employee using ladders and stairways so that the employee maintained the understanding and knowledge acquired through prior training:
(a) (LOCATION) (IDENTIFY SPECIFIC OPERATIONS AND/OR CONDITIONS)
NOTE: You may wish to cite 29 CFR 1926.21(b)(2) as an additional violation to support this requirement. See 29 CFR 1926.32(f) for definition of "competent person.
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Archive Notice - OSHA Archive

NOTICE: This is an OSHA Archive Document, and may no longer represent OSHA Policy. It is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only.