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Seasonal Flu

Seasonal Flu - Photo Credit: CDC
Seasonal Flu Menu

Overview

Flu Vaccine image - photo credit: va.gov

CDC updates vaccination recommendations for 2017-2018 flu season

The 2017-2018 seasonal influenza vaccine protects against at least three strains of flu virus: A/California/07/2009 X-179A (H1N1), A/Hong Kong/4801/2014 X-263B (H3N2), and B/Brisbane/60/2008 (B Victoria lineage). Some formulations (quadrivalent types) can protect against a fourth strain, B/Phuket/3073/2013 (B Yamagata lineage). Although available data suggest that flu vaccines may not provide optimal protection against the H3N2 virus, getting the seasonal flu vaccine will still help protect against the other strains and is still effective against H3N2--a main cause of this season’s flu outbreaks--in some people.

CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV), also known as the "nasal spray" flu vaccine, again should not be used during the 2017-2018 flu season. ACIP continues to recommend annual flu vaccination, with either the inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) or recombinant influenza vaccine (RIV), for everyone 6 months and older. The IIV and RIV are both available in formulations that protect against either three or four flu viruses.

CDC provides additional information about influenza vaccination and its recommendation against the use of the nasal spray vaccine.

The FDA also provides information about a recently licensed vaccine option that may be given without a needle.

Workplace Safety and the Flu

This page includes information for workers and employers about reducing the spread of seasonal flu in workplaces. It provides information on the basic precautions to be used in all workplaces and the additional precautions that should be used in healthcare settings. Healthcare workers in contact with flu exposed patients are at higher risk for exposure to the flu virus and additional precautions are needed. Although the flu vaccine’s effectiveness varies from year to year, it can be lifesaving for those at increased risk.  The flu vaccine can:

  • keep you from getting flu,
  • make the flu less severe if you do get it, and
  • keep you from spreading flu to your co-workers, family, and other people.

Health and Human Services’ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has updated guidance for protecting individuals from seasonal flu.  Refer to this page for updates on the most recent seasonal flu vaccine. Each year the vaccine is revised to protect against the influenza viruses that research indicates will be most common this season.

Pandemic flu remains a concern for employers and workers. A pandemic can occur at any time and can be mild, moderate, or severe. Although the pandemic H1N1 flu in 2009 was considered by CDC to be mild, it created significant challenges for employers and workers and showed that many workplaces were not prepared. The precautions identified in the resources below give a baseline for infection controls during a seasonal flu outbreak, but may not be enough to protect workers during a pandemic. For additional information on pandemic flu planning, see the OSHA’s Safety and Health Topics page: Pandemic Influenza.

Workers' Rights

Workers have the right to:

  • Working conditions that do not pose a risk of serious harm.
  • Receive information and training (in a language and vocabulary the worker understands) about workplace hazards, methods to prevent them, and the OSHA standards that apply to their workplace.
  • Review records of work-related injuries and illnesses.
  • File a complaint asking OSHA to inspect their workplace if they believe there is a serious hazard or that their employer is not following OSHA’s rules. OSHA will keep all identities confidential.
  • Exercise their rights under the law without retaliation, including reporting an injury or raising health and safety concerns with their employer or OSHA. If a worker has been retaliated against for using their rights, they must file a complaint with OSHA as soon as possible, but no later than 30 days.

For additional information, see OSHA's Workers page.

How to Contact OSHA

Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, employers are responsible for providing safe and healthful workplaces for their employees. OSHA’s role is to ensure these conditions for America’s working men and women by setting and enforcing standards, and providing training, education and assistance. For more information, visit www.osha.gov or call OSHA at 1-800-321-OSHA (6742), TTY 1-877-889-5627.

Flu Vaccine image - photo credit: va.gov

CDC updates vaccination recommendations for 2017-2018 flu season

CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV), also known as the "nasal spray" flu vaccine, again should not be used during the 2017-2018 flu season. ACIP continues to recommend annual flu vaccination, with either the inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV) or recombinant influenza vaccine (RIV), for everyone 6 months and older. The IIV and RIV are both available in formulations that protect against either three or four flu viruses.

CDC provides additional information on the recommendation against the use of the nasal spray vaccine and other influenza vaccination guidelines.

The FDA also provides information about a recently licensed vaccine option that may be given without a needle.

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