BUTYLAMINE†

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 109-73-9
Formula

C₄H₁₁N

Synonyms

1-aminobutane; n-butylamine

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Colorless liquid with a fishy, ammonia-like odor.
Boiling point 172°F Molecular weight 73.2
Freezing point/melting point -58°F Vapor pressure 72 mmHg
Flash point 10°F Vapor density 2.52
Specific gravity 0.74 Ionization potential 8.71 eV
Lower explosive limit (LEL) 1.7% Upper explosive limit (UEL) 9.8%
NFPA health rating 3 NFPA fire rating 3
NFPA reactivity rating 0 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 0470
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media Silica gel tube (150/75 mg) [SKC 226-10]
Sampling time*
Sampling volume (TWA)*

2-100 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*

0.01-1 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
Analytical method instruments GC-FID
Method reference NIOSH 2012 (fully validated)
Notes
Special requirements

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
Bulk Method
Bulk Method
On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA REL-TWA TLV-TWA PEL-TWA
PEL-STEL REL-STEL TLV-STEL PEL-STEL
PEL-C

5 ppm (15 mg/m³)

REL-C

5 ppm (15 mg/m³) [15 minutes]

TLV-C

5 ppm [1985]

PEL-C

5 ppm (15 mg/m³)

Skin notation

Y

Skin notation

Y

Skin notation

Y

Skin notation

Y

Notes:

See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1.

Notes: Notes: Notes:
Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH

300 ppm

Carcinogenic classifications: Not listed Notes:
AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - N-Butylamine

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - n-Butylamine

Literature References

  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - n-Butylamine. See annual publication for most recent information.
  • Pohanish, R.P. (editor): Butyl Amines. In, Sittig's Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens, Fourth Ed., Vol. 1. Norwich, NY: Noyes Publications, William Andrew Publishing, 2002, pp. 402-404.
  • Vinggard, A.M., Nielsen, G.D. and Fries, A.S.: Sensory and pulmonary irritation of inhaled n-butylamine in CF-1 and NMRI mice. Lab. Anim. 23(1): 1-6, 1989.

Last Updated Date : 12/18/2020