PHENOL†

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 108-95-2
Formula

C₆H₆O

Synonyms

carbolic acid; hydroxybenzene; monohydroxybenzene; phenyl alcohol; phenyl hydroxide

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Colorless to light-pink, crystalline solid with a sweet, acrid odor.
Boiling point 359°F Molecular weight 94.1
Freezing point/melting point 109°F Vapor pressure 0.4 mmHg
Flash point 175°F Vapor density 3.24
Specific gravity 1.06 Ionization potential 8.50 eV
Lower explosive limit (LEL) 1.8% Upper explosive limit (UEL) 8.6%
NFPA health rating 4 NFPA fire rating 2
NFPA reactivity rating 0 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 2040
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media XAD-7 tube (100/50 mg) [SKC 226-95]
Sampling time*

240 min

Sampling volume (TWA)*

24 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*

0.1 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
Analytical method instruments GC-FID
Method reference OSHA 32 (fully validated)
Notes
Special requirements

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
Bulk Method
Bulk Method
On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA

5 ppm (19mg/m³)

REL-TWA
 

5 ppm (19 mg/m³)

TLV-TWA
 

5 ppm [1992]

PEL-TWA
 

5 ppm (19 mg/m³)

PEL-STEL REL-STEL
 

 

TLV-STEL
 

 

PEL-STEL
 

 

PEL-C REL-C
 

15.6 ppm (60 mg/m³) [15 minutes]

TLV-C
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

Skin notation
 

Y

Skin notation
 

Y

Skin notation
 

Y

Skin notation
 

Y

Notes:
 

See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

BEI®

Notes:
 

 

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
 

250 ppm

Carcinogenic classifications: IARC-3, TLV-A4, EPA-I; D Notes:
 

 

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 

10 ppm/50 ppm/200 ppm

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Phenol, liquid

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Phenol

Literature References

 
  • EPA: Hazard Summary - Phenol
  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Phenol. See annual publication for most recent information.
  • Bieniek, G.: Concentrations of phenol, o-cresol, and 2,5-xylenol in the urine of workers employed in the distillation of the phenolic fraction of tar. Occup. Environ. Med. 51(5): 354-356, 1994.
  • NIOSH: Occupational Health Guideline for Phenol. 1978.
  • Spiller, H.A., Quadrani-Kushner, D.A. and Cleveland, P.: A five year evaluation of acute exposures to phenol disinfectant (26%). Clin. Toxicol. 31(2): 307-313, 1993.

Last Updated Date : 01/08/2021