MARBLE†

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 1317-65-3
Formula
 

CaCO₃

Synonyms
 

 

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Limestone (calcium carbonate) that has been recrystallized by metamorphism and is capable of taking a polish. Practically insoluble in water.
Boiling point Molecular weight 100.1
Freezing point/melting point 1517-2442°F Vapor pressure approx 0 mmHg
Flash point Vapor density
Specific gravity 2.7-2.9 Ionization potential
Lower explosive limit (LEL) Upper explosive limit (UEL)
NFPA health rating NFPA fire rating
NFPA reactivity rating NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 1626 (total); request using analyte code 9135 M114 (resp); request using analyte code 9130
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media Tared low-ash 37 mm PVC filter, 5 microns [SLTC108] Tared low-ash 37 mm PVC filter, 5 microns, preceded by 10 mm nylon Dorr-Oliver cyclone for respirable samples. [SLTC108]
Sampling time*
 

240-480 min

 
 

240-480 min

Sampling volume (TWA)*
 
 

960 L

 
 

816 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*
 
 

2 L/min

 
 

1.7 L/min ±5%

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
 
 

 

 
 

 

Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
 
 

 

 
 

 

Analytical method instruments Gravimetric Gravimetric
Method reference OSHA PV2121 (partially validated) OSHA PV2121 (partially validated)
Notes
 
 

If the net weight of the sample yields a concentration below the PEL after considering the associated SAE , the SLTC will perform no further work on the sample and the sample air concentration will be reported as the calculated gravimetric air concentration. If the net weight corresponds to an amount greater than the PEL value after considering the associated SAE, the sample may be analyzed for  the applicable component and appropriate results will be reported.

 
 

If the filter is not overloaded, samples can be collected up to an 8-hour period. If the net weight of the sample yields a concentration below the PEL after considering the associated SAE , the SLTC will perform no further work on the sample and the sample air concentration will be reported as the calculated gravimetric air concentration. If the net weight corresponds to an amount greater than the PEL value after considering the associated SAE, the sample may be analyzed for  the applicable component and appropriate results will be reported.

Special requirements
 
 

FOR TOTAL DUST SAMPLES, DO NOT USE A CYCLONE!!!

 
 

 

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
 
 

 

Bulk Method
Bulk Method
 
 

 

On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA
 
 

15 mg/m³ (total); 5 mg/m³ (resp)

REL-TWA
 
 

10 mg/m³ (total); 5 mg/m³ (resp)

TLV-TWA
 
 

 

PEL-TWA
 
 

10 mg/m³ (total dust), 5 mg/m³ (respirable fraction)

PEL-STEL
 
 

 

REL-STEL
 
 

 

TLV-STEL
 
 

 

PEL-STEL
 
 

 

PEL-C
 
 

 

REL-C
 
 

 

TLV-C
 
 

 

PEL-C
 
 

 

Skin notation
 
 

N

Skin notation
 
 

N

Skin notation
 
 

N

Skin notation
 
 

N

Notes:
 
 

See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1.

Notes:
 
 

 

Notes:
 
 

No TLV established. It is recommended that airborne concentrations be kept below 3 mg/m³ (respirable particles) and 10 mg/m³ (inhalable particles) for insoluble particles of low toxicity for which no TLV has been established. See Appendix B of the TLV booklet for guidelines.

Notes:
 
 

as PNOR, see footnote [n]

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
Carcinogenic classifications: Notes:
 
 

 

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 
 

 

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Marble

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Marble

Literature References

 
 
  • International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO): Calcium carbonate.
  • Angotzi, G., et al.: World at work: marble quarrying in Tuscany. Occup. Environ. Med. 62(6): 417-421, 2005.
  • Pohanish, R.P. (editor): Calcium Carbonate. In, Sittig's Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens, Fourth Ed., Vol. 1. Norwich, NY: Noyes Publications, William Andrew Publishing, 2002, pp. 453-454.

Last Updated Date : 01/04/2021