DIESEL FUEL

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 68334-30-5; 68476-30-2; 68476-31-3; 68476-34-6; 77650-28-3
Formula

Varies

Synonyms

diesel fuel oil; 1-D; 2-D

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description A straw yellow to dark colored liquid with a petroleum-like odor.
Boiling point 540-640°F Molecular weight varies
Freezing point/melting point 0°F Vapor pressure 2.17 mmHg
Flash point 125°F Vapor density
Specific gravity 0.841 at 60.8°F Ionization potential
Lower explosive limit (LEL) 1.3% Upper explosive limit (UEL) 6%
NFPA health rating 1 NFPA fire rating 2
NFPA reactivity rating 0 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.)
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media
Sampling time*
Sampling volume (TWA)*
Sampling flow rate (TWA)*
Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
Analytical method instruments
Method reference
Notes
Special requirements

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
Bulk Method
Bulk Method
On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA REL-TWA TLV-TWA

100 mg/m³ (inhalable fraction and vapor) [2007]

PEL-TWA
PEL-STEL REL-STEL TLV-STEL PEL-STEL
PEL-C REL-C TLV-C PEL-C
Skin notation

NA

Skin notation

NA

Skin notation

Y

Skin notation

NA

Notes:

Not established

Notes:

Not established

Notes: Notes:

Not established

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
Carcinogenic classifications: TLV-A3; IARC-2B (marine); IARC-3 (light distillate) Notes:
AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:

300 mg/m³/1000 mg/m³/--

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Fuel oil, [diesel]

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Fuel oil, [diesel]

Literature References

  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Diesel fuel, as total hydrocarbons. See annual publication for most recent information.
  • Crisp, A.J., Bhalla, A.K. and Hoffbrand, B.I.: Acute tubular necrosis after exposure to diesel oil. Br. Med. J. 2(6183): 177, 1979.
  • Das, M. and Misra, M.P.: Acne and folliculitis due to diesel oil. Contact Dermatitis 18(2): 120-121, 1988.
  • Fischer, T. and Bjarnason, B.: Sensitizing and irritant properties of 3 environmental classes of diesel oil and their indicator dyes. Contact Dermatitis 34(5): 309-315, 1996.
  • Li, F.K., Vip, P.S., Chan, K.W., Chan, T.M. and Lai, K.N.: Acute renal failure after immersion in seawater polluted by diesel oil. Am. J. Kidney Dis. 34(6): E26, 1999.
  • No authors listed: Diesel fuels. IARC Monogr. Eval. Carcinog. Risks Hum. 45: 219-237, 1989.

Last Updated Date : 12/28/2020