PARTICULATES NOT OTHERWISE REGULATED, TOTAL AND RESPIRABLE DUST (PNOR)†

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # NO CAS
Formula
Synonyms

dust, nuisance dust, inert dusts

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Dusts from solid substances.
Boiling point Molecular weight
Freezing point/melting point Vapor pressure
Flash point Vapor density
Specific gravity Ionization potential
Lower explosive limit (LEL) Upper explosive limit (UEL)
NFPA health rating NFPA fire rating
NFPA reactivity rating NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 9135 (total) 9130 (resp)
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media Tared low-ash 37 mm PVC filter, 5 microns [SLTC108] Tared low-ash 37 mm PVC filter, 5 microns, preceded by 10 mm nylon Dorr-Oliver cyclone for respirable samples. [SLTC108]
Sampling time*

240-480 min

240-480 min

Sampling volume (TWA)*

960 L

816 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*

2 L/min

1.7 L/min ±5%

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*

408-960 L

408-816 L

Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*

2 L/min

1.7 L/min ±5%

Analytical method instruments Gravimetric Gravimetric
Method reference OSHA PV2121 (partially validated) OSHA PV2121 (partially validated)
Notes

If the net weight of the sample yields a concentration below the PEL after considering the associated SAE , the SLTC will perform no further work on the sample and the sample air concentration will be reported as the calculated gravimetric air concentration.

If the net weight corresponds to an amount greater than the PEL value after considering the associated SAE, the sample may be analyzed for the applicable component and appropriate results will be reported.

If the filter is not overloaded, samples can be collected up to an 8-hour period. If the net weight of the sample yields a concentration below the PEL after considering the associated SAE , the SLTC will perform no further work on the sample and the sample air concentration will be reported as the calculated gravimetric air concentration.

If the net weight corresponds to an amount greater than the PEL value after considering the associated SAE, the sample may be analyzed for  the applicable component and appropriate results will be reported.

Special requirements

FOR TOTAL DUST SAMPLES, DO NOT USE A CYCLONE!!

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
Bulk Method
Bulk Method
On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA

5 mg/m³ (*15 mppcf) [respirable fraction], 15 mg/m³ (*50 mppcf) [total dust]

REL-TWA TLV-TWA PEL-TWA

5 mg/m³ (respirable fraction), 10 mg/m³ (total dust)

PEL-STEL REL-STEL TLV-STEL PEL-STEL
PEL-C REL-C TLV-C PEL-C
Skin notation

N

Skin notation

NA

Skin notation

NA

Skin notation

N

Notes:

*mppcf = millions of particles per cubic foot of air. See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1 (PNOR) and 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-3, Mineral Dusts (Inert or Nuisance Dust). OSHA Construction and Maritime Industry PEL for PNOR (total dust, organic and inorganic): 15 mg/m³ as an 8-hrTWA. See 29 CFR 1926.55 Appendix A and 29 CFR 1915.1000 Table Z-Shipyards. [Note: Includes all inert or nuisance dusts, whether mineral, inorganic, not listed specifically in 29 CFR 1910.1000.]

Notes:

See Appendix D - Substances with No Established RELs.

Notes:

No TLV established. It is recommended that airborne concentrations be kept below 3 mg/m³ (respirable particles) and 10 mg/m³ (inhalable particles) for insoluble particles of low toxicity for which no TLV has been established. See Appendix B of the TLV booklet for guidelines.

Notes:
Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
Carcinogenic classifications: Not listed Notes:
AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Not listed

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Particulates not otherwise regulated

Literature References

  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Particles (insoluble or poorly soluble) Not Otherwise Specified (PNOS). See annual publication for most recent information.
  • EPA Particle Pollution. 2006.
  • EPA Integrated Science Assessment Particulate Matter, 2009.
  • Shieh, T.S., Chung, J.J., Wang, C.J., Tsai, P.J., Kuo, Y.C., Guo, H.R.: Pulmonary function, respiratory symptoms, and dust exposure among workers engaged in early manufacturing processes of tea: a cohort study. BMC Public Health. 12:121, Feb 13, 2012.

Last Updated Date : 01/07/2021