SOAPSTONE (CONTAINING <1% QUARTZ)†

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # NO CAS
Formula

₃MgO-₄SiO₂-H₂O

Synonyms

massive talc; soapstone silicate; steatite

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Odorless, white-gray powder.
Boiling point Molecular weight 379.3
Freezing point/melting point Vapor pressure 0 mmHg (approx)
Flash point Vapor density
Specific gravity 2.7-2.8 Ionization potential
Lower explosive limit (LEL) Upper explosive limit (UEL)
NFPA health rating NFPA fire rating
NFPA reactivity rating NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 9085 (total); request using analyte code 9135 S121 (resp); request using analyte code 9130
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media Tared low-ash 37 mm PVC filter, 5 microns [SLTC108] Tared low-ash 37 mm PVC filter, 5 microns, preceded by 10 mm nylon Dorr-Oliver cyclone for respirable samples. [SLTC108]
Sampling time*

240-480 min

240-480 min

Sampling volume (TWA)*

960 L

816 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*

2 L/min

1.7 L/min ±5%

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
Analytical method instruments Gravimetric Gravimetric
Method reference OSHA PV2121 (partially validated) OSHA PV2121 (partially validated)
Notes

If the net weight of the sample yields a concentration below the PEL after considering the associated SAE , the SLTC will perform no further work on the sample and the sample air concentration will be reported as the calculated gravimetric air concentration. If the net weight corresponds to an amount greater than the PEL value after considering the associated SAE, the sample may be analyzed for  the applicable component and appropriate results will be reported.

Special requirements

FOR TOTAL DUST SAMPLES, DO NOT USE A CYCLONE!!

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
Bulk Method
Bulk Method
On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA

20 mppcf

REL-TWA

6 mg/m³ (total), 3 mg/m³ (resp)

TLV-TWA

2 mg/m³ (respirable particulate matter), as Talc [2009]

PEL-TWA

6 mg/m³ (total dust), 3 mg/m³ (respirable dust)

PEL-STEL REL-STEL TLV-STEL PEL-STEL
PEL-C REL-C TLV-C PEL-C
Skin notation

N

Skin notation

N

Skin notation

N

Skin notation

N

Notes:

See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-3, Mineral Dusts.

Notes: Notes:

Soapstone TLV withdrawn in 2011. See Talc. The value is for particulate matter containing no asbestos and <1% crystalline silica.

Notes:
Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
Carcinogenic classifications: TLV-A4 Notes:
AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Soapstone (containing less than 1% quartz)

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Soapstone (containing less than 1% quartz)

Literature References

  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Talc, Containing no asbestos fibers. See annual publication for most recent information.

Last Updated Date : 01/12/2021