PHENOTHIAZINE

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 92-84-2
Formula

C₁₂H₉NS

Synonyms

dibenzothiazine; fenothiazine; thiodiphenylamine

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Grayish-green to greenish-yellow solid.
Boiling point 700°F Molecular weight 199.28
Freezing point/melting point 365°F Vapor pressure 0 mmHg (approx)
Flash point Vapor density
Specific gravity Ionization potential
Lower explosive limit (LEL) Upper explosive limit (UEL)
NFPA health rating NFPA fire rating
NFPA reactivity rating NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 2041
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media GFF (37 mm), Type A/E [AP4003705]
Sampling time*
Sampling volume (TWA)*

100 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*

1 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
Analytical method instruments GC-NPD
Method reference OSHA PV2048 (partially validated)
Notes

Protect samples from sunlight.

Special requirements

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
 

 

Bulk Method
Bulk Method
 

 

On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA
 

 

REL-TWA
 

5 mg/m³

TLV-TWA
 

5 mg/m³ [1968]

PEL-TWA
 

5 mg/m³

PEL-STEL
 

 

REL-STEL
 

 

TLV-STEL
 

 

PEL-STEL
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

REL-C
 

 

TLV-C
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

Skin notation
 

NA

Skin notation
 

Y

Skin notation
 

Y

Skin notation
 

Y

Notes:
 

Not established

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

 

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
Carcinogenic classifications: Notes:
 

 

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 

 

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Phenothiazine

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Phenothiazine

Literature References

 
  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Phenothiazine. See annual publication for most recent information.
  • Jacobs, R.D., Hogsette, J.A. and Butcher, G.D.: Nematode parasites of poultry (and where to find them). Document No. PS18, Animal Science Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Services, University of Florida, Gainesville, 5 pp., 1997.
  • Mitchell, S.C.: The toxicity of phenothiazine. Drug Metabol. Drug Interact. 11(3): 201-235, 1994.
  • Mitchell, S.C., Kestell, P., Steventon, G.B. and Waring, R.H.: Fate of the anthelmintic, phenothiazine, in man. Xenobiotica 32(9): 771-782, 2002.
  • Pohanish, R.P. (editor): Phenothiazine. In, Sittig's Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens, Fourth Ed., Vol. 2. Norwich, NY: Noyes Publications, William Andrew Publishing, 2002, pp. 1824-1826.

Last Updated Date : 01/08/2021