VINYL ACETATE

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 108-05-4
Formula

C₄H₆O₂

Synonyms

acetic acid, vinyl ester; acetic acid, ethenyl ester; 1-acetoxyethylene; ethenyl acetate; ethenyl ethanoate; VAC; vinyl acetate monomer; vinyl ethanoate ethenyl acetate

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Colorless liquid with a pleasant, fruity odor.
Boiling point 162°F Molecular weight 86.1
Freezing point/melting point -136°F Vapor pressure 83 mmHg
Flash point 18°F Vapor density 3
Specific gravity 0.93 Ionization potential 9.19 eV
Lower explosive limit (LEL) 2.6% Upper explosive limit (UEL) 13.4%
NFPA health rating 2 NFPA fire rating 3
NFPA reactivity rating 2 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 2572
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media ORBO™ 92 Carboxen® 564 (160/80 mg) [Supelco 20362]
Sampling time*

240 min

Sampling volume (TWA)*

24 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*

0.1 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*

0.75 L

Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*

0.05 L/min

Analytical method instruments GC-FID
Method reference OSHA 51 (fully validated)
Notes
Special requirements

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
Bulk Method
Bulk Method
On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device Detector tube Detector tube Detector tube
Model/Type Gastec 143 Gastec 141 Matheson-Kitagawa 8014-237S
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
1-4 strokes, 1-250 ppm range, uncertainty 25% for 10-20 ppm, 16% for 20-100 ppm 1 stroke, 0.006-0.9% range, uncertainty 16% for 0.024-0.18%, 8% for 0.18-0.9% approx 5-120 ppm
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA REL-TWA TLV-TWA

10 ppm [1992]

PEL-TWA

10 ppm (30 mg/m³)

PEL-STEL REL-STEL TLV-STEL

15 ppm [1992]

PEL-STEL

15 ppm (45 mg/m³)

PEL-C REL-C

4 ppm (15 mg/m³), [15 minutes]

TLV-C PEL-C
Skin notation

NA

Skin notation

N

Skin notation

N

Skin notation

N

Notes:

Not established

Notes: Notes: Notes:
Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
Carcinogenic classifications: IARC-2B, TLV-A3 Notes:
AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:

5 ppm/75 ppm/500 ppm

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Vinyl acetate

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Vinyl acetate

Literature References

  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Vinyl acetate. See annual publication for most recent information.
  • Bogdanffy, M.S., Sarangapani, R., Plowchalk, D.R., Jarabek, A. and Andersen, M.E.: A biologically based risk assessment for vinyl acetate-induced cancer and noncancer inhalation toxicity. Toxicol. Sci. 51(1): 19-35, 1999.

Last Updated Date : 01/14/2021