OIL MISTS, MINERAL†

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 8012-95-1
Formula

Mixture

Synonyms

heavy mineral oil mist; paraffin oil mist; white mineral oil mist; petroleum-based cutting oils; mineral oil

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Colorless, oily liquid aerosol dispersed in air.
Boiling point 680°F Molecular weight Varies
Freezing point/melting point 0°F Vapor pressure <0.5 mmHg
Flash point 380°F (open cup) Vapor density
Specific gravity 0.9 Ionization potential
Lower explosive limit (LEL) Upper explosive limit (UEL)
NFPA health rating 0 NFPA fire rating 1
NFPA reactivity rating 0 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 5010 (total); request using analyte code 9135
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media Tared low-ash 37 mm PVC filter, 5 microns [SLTC108]
Sampling time*

240-480 min

Sampling volume (TWA)*

960 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*
 

2 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
 

 

Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
 

 

Analytical method instruments Gravimetric
Method reference OSHA PV2121 (partially validated)
Notes
 

If the net weight of the sample yields a concentration below the PEL after considering the associated SAE , the SLTC will perform no further work on the sample and the sample air concentration will be reported as the calculated gravimetric air concentration. If the net weight corresponds to an amount greater than the PEL value after considering the associated SAE, the sample may be analyzed for  the applicable component and appropriate results will be reported.

Special requirements
 

FOR TOTAL DUST SAMPLES, DO NOT USE A CYCLONE!!

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
 

 

Bulk Method
Bulk Method
 

Submit a sample of the bulk oil substance in a separate mailing container other than used for air samples. Indicate on the air sample submission sheet that a bulk sample has been submitted. Cutting oils may contain nitrosamines.The bulk sample is determined to fluoresce or not to fluoresce, and then the appropriate analysis method is used to perform the analysis (OSHA ID-128 (partially validated) [fluorescent], OSHA ID-178SG (partially validated) [non-fluorescent]).

On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device Detector tube Detector tube
Model/Type Dräger - Oil mist 1/a, 6733031 Dräger - Oil 10/a-P, 6728371
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
100 strokes, 1-10 mg/m³ range, uncertainty 50% follow mfr instructions, 0.1-1 mg/m³ range
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA
 

5 mg/m³

REL-TWA
 

5 mg/m³

TLV-TWA
 

Pure, highly and severely refined: 5 mg/m³ TWA (inhalable particulate matter). Poorly and mildly refined: Exposure by all routes should be carefully controlled to levels as low as possible. [2009]

PEL-TWA
 

5 mg/m³ (particulate)

PEL-STEL
 

 

REL-STEL
 

 

TLV-STEL
 

 

PEL-STEL
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

REL-C
 

 

TLV-C
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Notes:
 

See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1.

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

 

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
 

2500 mg/m³

Carcinogenic classifications: IARC-1, TLV-A2 (mildly refined); IARC-3, TLV-A4 (highly and severly refined) Notes:
 

 

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 

 

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Mineral oil

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Oil mist (mineral)

Literature References

 
  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Mineral oil, excluding metal working fluids. See annual publication for most recent information.
  • NIOSH: Criteria for a Recommended Standard - Occupational Exposure to Metalworking Fluids, DHHS (NIOSH) Pub. No. 98-102, (1998).
  • NIOSH: Occupational Health Guideline for Mineral Oil Mist. September 1978.
  • Pryce, D.W., White, J, English, J.S.C. and Rycroft, R.J.G.: Soluble oil dermatitis: a review. J. Soc. Occup. Med. 39(3): 93-98, 1989.
  • Skyberg, K., Rønneberg, A., Christensen, C.C., Næss-Andresen, C.F., Borgersen, A. and Refsum, H.E.: Lung function and radiographic signs of pulmonary fibrosis in oil exposed workers in a cable manufacturing company: a follow up study. Br. J. Ind. Med. 49(5): 309-315, 1992.
  • Spickard, A., III and Hirschmann, J.V.: Exogenous lipoid pneumonia. Arch Intern. Med. 154(6): 686-692, 1994.
  • Volckens J et al, Oil Mist Concentration: A Comparison of Sampling Methods, American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Volume 60, 684-689, 1999
  • Yitig, O., Bektas, F., Sayrac, AV, and Senay, E. Fire-eater's pneumonia: two case reports of accidentally aspirated paraffin oil. J Emerg Med. 42(4): 417-419, 2012

Last Updated Date : 01/07/2021