KEROSENE (JET FUELS)

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 8008-20-6
Formula

Mixture

Synonyms

fuel oil No. 1; range oil; coal oil; [Note: A refined petroleum solvent (predominantly C9-C16), which typically is 25% normal paraffins, 11% branched paraffins, 30% monocycloparaffins, 12% dicycloparaffins, 1% tricycloparaffins, 16% mononuclear aromatics & 5% dinuclear aromatics.]

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Colorless to light amber liquid with a petroleum odor.
Boiling point 347-617°F Molecular weight 170 (approx)
Freezing point/melting point -50°F Vapor pressure 5 mmHg at 100°F
Flash point 100-162°F Vapor density 4.5
Specific gravity 0.81 Ionization potential
Lower explosive limit (LEL) 0.7% Upper explosive limit (UEL) 5%
NFPA health rating 2 NFPA fire rating 2
NFPA reactivity rating 0 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) K107
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media CSC tube (100/50 mg) [SKC 226-01]
Sampling time*

200 min

Sampling volume (TWA)*

20 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*

0.1 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
Analytical method instruments GC-FID
Method reference OSHA PV2139 (partially validated)
Notes
Special requirements

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
Bulk Method
Bulk Method
On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA REL-TWA

100 mg/m³

TLV-TWA

200 mg/m³ [2003]* (Kerosene Jet fuels, as total hydrocarbon vapor)

PEL-TWA
PEL-STEL REL-STEL TLV-STEL PEL-STEL
PEL-C REL-C TLV-C PEL-C
Skin notation

NA

Skin notation

N

Skin notation

Y

Skin notation

NA

Notes:

Not established

Notes: Notes:

*Application restricted to conditions in which there are negligible aerosol exposures.

Notes:

Not established

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
Carcinogenic classifications: IARC-3 (JET FUELS), TLV-A3 Notes:
AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Kerosene

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Kerosene

Literature References

  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Kerosene [8008-20-6; 6472-81-0] Jet fuels, as total hydrocarbon vapor. See annual publication for most recent information.
  • Franquet, T., Gomez-Santos, D., Gimenez, A., Torrubia, S. and Monill, J.M.: Fire eater's pneumonia: radiographic and CT findings. J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr. 24(3): 448-450, 2000.
  • Koschier, F.J.: Toxicity of middle distillates from dermal exposure. Drug Chem. Toxicol. 22(1): 155-164, 1999.
  • Nessel, C.S.: A comprehensive evaluation of the carcinogenic potential of middle distillate fuels. Drug Chem. Toxicol. 22(1): 165-180, 1999.

Last Updated Date : 01/04/2021