GASOLINE

Chemical Identification
CAS # 8006-61-9; 86290-81-5
Formula

Mixture

Synonyms

motor fuel; motor spirits; natural gasoline; petrol [Note: A complex mixture of volatile hydrocarbons (paraffins; cycloparaffins & aromatics).]

Physical Properties
Physical description Clear liquid with a characteristic petroleum-like odor.
Boiling point 140-390°F Molecular weight 72 (approx)
Freezing point/melting point Vapor pressure 38-300 mmHg
Flash point -36°F Vapor density
Specific gravity 0.7321 at 68°F Ionization potential
Lower explosive limit (LEL) 1.4% Upper explosive limit (UEL) 7.6%
NFPA health rating 1 NFPA fire rating 3
NFPA reactivity rating 0 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 1340
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media CSC tube (100/50 mg) [SKC 226-01]
Sampling time*

100 min

Sampling volume (TWA)*

10 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*

 0.1 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*

3 L

Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*

0.1 L/min

Analytical method instruments GC-FID
Method reference OSHA PV2028 (partially validated)
Notes
 

 

Special requirements
 

 

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
 

 

Bulk Method
Bulk Method
 

 

On-Site Screening Techniques
Device Detector tube Detector tube
Model/Type Gastec 101L Matheson-Kitagawa 8014-110S
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
1 or 2 stokes, 5-2000 ppm range, 16% for 30-300 ppm, 8% for 300-1000 ppm 1 stroke, approx 0.05-0.6% range
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA
 

 

REL-TWA
 

 

TLV-TWA
 

300 ppm [1990]

PEL-TWA
 

300 ppm (900 mg/m³)

PEL-STEL
 

 

REL-STEL
 

 

TLV-STEL
 

500 ppm [1990]

PEL-STEL
 

500 ppm (1500 mg/m³)

PEL-C
 

 

REL-C
 

 

TLV-C
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Notes:
 

There is no OSHA PEL established for gasoline. The composition of these materials varies greatly. The content of benzene, other aromatics and additives should be determined individually.

Notes:
 

CARCINOGEN (Ca): REDUCE EXPOSURE TO LOWEST FEASIBLE CONCENTRATION (LOQ 15 ppm). See Appendix A, NIOSH Potential Occupational Carcinogens.

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

 

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
Carcinogenic classifications: IARC-2B, NIOSH-Ca, TLV-A3 Notes:
 

Ca

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 

200 ppm/1000 ppm/4000 ppm

Last Updated Date : 01/29/2021