GLYOXAL

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 107-22-2
Formula

C₂H₂O₂

Synonyms

biformyl; ethanedial; 1,2-ethanedione; oxalaldehyde

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Yellow prisms which turn white on cooling; soluble in anhydrous solvents. Often encountered as a light yellow liquid with a weak sour odor. Vapor has a green color and burns with a violet flame.
Boiling point 124°F Molecular weight 58.04
Freezing point/melting point 59°F Vapor pressure 18 mmHg
Flash point 428°F Vapor density >1
Specific gravity 1.29 Ionization potential
Lower explosive limit (LEL) Upper explosive limit (UEL)
NFPA health rating NFPA fire rating
NFPA reactivity rating NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.)
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media
Sampling time*
Sampling volume (TWA)*
Sampling flow rate (TWA)*
Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
Analytical method instruments
Method reference
Notes
 

 

Special requirements
 

 

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
 

 

Bulk Method
Bulk Method
 

 

On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA
 

 

REL-TWA
 

 

TLV-TWA
 

0.1 mg/m³ (inhalable fraction and vapor) [1999]

PEL-TWA
 

0.1 mg/m³

PEL-STEL
 

 

REL-STEL
 

 

TLV-STEL
 

 

PEL-STEL
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

REL-C
 

 

TLV-C
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

Skin notation
 

NA

Skin notation
 

NA

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Notes:
 

Not established

Notes:
 

Not established

Notes:
 

dermal sensitization (DSEN)

Notes:
 

See footnotes [s], this PEL applies to the sum of the exposures to the substance in the vapor state and from the particulate fraction specified in footnote [s] in this table.

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
Carcinogenic classifications: TLV-A4 Notes:
 

 

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 

 

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Glyoxal

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Not listed

Literature References

 
  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Glyoxal. See annual publication for most recent information.
  • World Health Organization (Kielhorn, J., Pohlenz-Michel, C., Schmidt, S. and Mangelsdorf, I.): Glyoxal (Concise International Chemical Assessment Document 57), 2004, approx. 61 pp.
  • Aalto-Korte, K., Mäkela, E.A., Huttunen, M., Suuronen, K. and Jolanki, R.: Occupational contact allergy to glyoxal. Contact Dermatitis 52(5): 276-281, 2005.
  • Miller, A.G., Smith, D.G., Bhat, M. and Nagaraj, R.H.: Glyoxalase I is critical for human retinal capillary pericyte survival under hyperglycemic conditions. J. Biol. Chem. 281(17): 11864-11871, 2006.
  • Uter, W., Schwanitz, H.J., Lessmann, H. and Schnuch, A.: Glyoxal is an important allergen for (medical care) cleaning staff. Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health 204(4): 251-253, 2001.
  • Xu, Y. and Chen, X.: Glycolase II, a detoxifying enzyme of glycolysis byproduct methylglyoxal and a target of p63 and p73, is a pro-survival factor of the p53 family. J. Biol. Chem. 281(36): 26702-26713, 2006.

Last Updated Date : 01/31/2018