NICKEL, SOLUBLE COMPOUNDS†

Chemical Identification
Chemical Identification
CAS # 7440-02-0
Formula

Ni

Synonyms
 

nickel metal; elemental nickel; nickel catalyst; nickel subsulfide; raney nickel; Other synonyms vary depending upon the specific nickel compound.

Physical Properties
Physical Properties
Physical description Lustrous, silvery odorless metal
Boiling point 5139°F Molecular weight 58.7
Freezing point/melting point 2831°F Vapor pressure 0 mmHg (approx)
Flash point Vapor density
Specific gravity 8.90 (metal) Ionization potential
Lower explosive limit (LEL) Upper explosive limit (UEL) 2831°F
NFPA health rating 2 NFPA fire rating 4
NFPA reactivity rating 1 NFPA special instruction
Vapor hazard ratio (VHR)
Historical exceedance percentage
Target organs
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Monitoring Methods Used by OSHA
Analyte code (IMIS no.) 1842
Sampling group
Sampler/Sampling media Pre-assembled cassette with mixed cellulose ester filter (MCEF) 0.8 micron (37 mm) [MAWP037A0]
Sampling time*
 

240-480 min

Sampling volume (TWA)*
 

480-960 L

Sampling flow rate (TWA)*
 

2 L/min

Sampling volume (STEL/Peak/C)*
 

 

Sampling flow rate (STEL/Peak/C)*
 

 

Analytical method instruments ICP
Method reference OSHA ID-125G (fully validated)
Notes
 

Results are provided for the presence and amount or concentration of a specific element or elements. The stated identity of the actual sample contents (such as specific form, valence state, or compound) is based on the assumption that the material sampled is as identified by the compliance officer using available documentation of materials and processes.

Analysis for this analyte is based on water solubility.

Special requirements
 

 

* All sampling instructions above are recommended guidelines for OSHA Compliance Safety and Health Officers (CSHOs), please see the corresponding OSHA method reference for complete details.

Wipe Method
Wipe Method
Sampler/Sampling media
 

Ghost Wipe [SKC 225-2414]

Bulk Method
Bulk Method
 

Available

On-Site Screening Techniques
On-Site Screening Techniques
Device
Model/Type
Sampling information
(see manufacturer instructions)
Exposure Limits
Exposure Limits
OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
NIOSH REL
Up to 10-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
ACGIH TLV©
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
CAL/OSHA PEL
8-hour TWA
(ST) STEL
(C) Ceiling
Peak
PEL-TWA
 

1 mg/m³

REL-TWA
 

0.015 mg/m³

TLV-TWA
 

0.1 mg/m³ (inhalable particulate matter) [1996]

PEL-TWA
 

0.05 mg/m³

PEL-STEL
 

 

REL-STEL
 

 

TLV-STEL
 

 

PEL-STEL
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

REL-C
 

 

TLV-C
 

 

PEL-C
 

 

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Skin notation
 

N

Notes:
 

See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1.

Notes:
 

CARCINOGEN (Ca): REDUCE EXPOSURE TO LOWEST FEASIBLE CONCENTRATION. See Appendix A, NIOSH Potential Occupational Carcinogens.

Notes:
 

 

Notes:
 

 

Health factors:  See NIH-NLM PubChem. IDLH
 

 10 mg/m³ (as Ni)

Carcinogenic classifications: NTP-K, TLV-A4 Notes:
 

 

AIHA emergency response planning guidelines - ERPG-1/ERPG-2/ERPG-3:
 

 

Additional Resources and Literature References
Additional Resources and Literature References

NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Nickel

NIOSH: Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards - Nickel metal and other compounds (as Ni)

Literature References

 
  • NOAA: CAMEO Chemicals - Nickel compounds.
  • ACGIH: Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) - Nickel [7440-02-0] and inorganic compounds including Nickel subsulfide, as Ni. See annual publication for most recent information.
  • ATSDR Toxicological Profiles - Nickel. Updated August, 2005. (accessed 7/1/09)
  • Chashschin VP, Artunina GP, Norseth T. Congential defects, abortion and other health effects in nickel refinery workers. Science Total Environ, 1994; 148:287-91.
  • Das KK, Das SN, Dhundasi SA. Nickel, its adverse health effects & oxidative stress. Indian J Med Res, 2008; 128:412-25. (good review)
  • EPA IRIS, Nickel, soluble salts (CASRN Various). Last updated 1/10/08. (accessed 6/9/09)
  • Lu S, Duffin R, Poland C, Daly P, Murphy F, Drost E, MacNee W, Stone V, Donaldson K. Efficacy of simple short-term in vitro assays for predicting the potential of metal oxide nanoparticles to cause pulmonary inflammation. Environ Health Persp, 2009; 117:241-7.
  • Rom WN. Environmental and Occupational Medicine, 4th Edition. Chapter 68. Nickel Compounds. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2007.
  • Salnikow K, Zhitkovich. Genetic and epigenetic mechanisms in metal carcinogenesis and cocarcinogenesis: nickel, arsenic and chromium. Chem Res Toxicol, 2008; 21:28-44.
  • Vaktskjold A, Talykova LV, Chashehin VP, Odland JO, Nieboer E. Spontaneous abortions among nickel-exposed female refinery workers. Int J Environ Health Res, 2008; 18:99-115.

Last Updated Date : 01/05/2021